IT BHU Chronicle: August'07 edition
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

Published on August 20, 2007
The Chronicle August, 2007 issue.
Vol.2007 : Issue 0008
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From the editor’s desk
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

This issue includes many important articles and special reports. First and foremost is the special report covering collaboration agreement signed between our university ad University at Buffalo, New York. This agreement will allow students and faculty exchange, collaboration in research, etc. between two universities.

There is also a complete coverage on incoming freshers and IIT-JEE rank information. For the first time, we are providing a complete branch-wise list of incoming students. As usual, we have listed top 5 toppers and conducted brief interview of this year’s topper among freshers, Mr. Deepesh Reja, Computer Science.

There is also progress on IIEST front, as the Kerala govt. has come to an agreement with central govt. for handing over its institute. We are hopeful that in the next few weeks, IIEST Bill will be introduced in the parliament.

On the alumni front, there is breaking news about Prof. P. M. Ajayan (Metallurgy 1985) and his team inventing a flexible battery using nano tubes and nanotechnology.

We need more news. Please send us news, events, articles, information, etc, at: chronicle [AT] Please indicate your branch/year.

Thanking you,
The Chronicle Team

Searching Chronicle issue
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

You can search website and all chronicle issues for a specific name, event or article or a topic. This facility is available on website on right-hand site of Home Page. You can search by entering your key word (s) in the dialog box provided. The dialog box is copied here for your quick reference.

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Prof. P. M. Ajayan (Metallurgy 1985) develops flexible battery
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

(Prof. P. M. Ajayan, along with the world-renowned Japanese nanoscientist, Dr Sumio Iijima are considered as the pioneers in the field of nanotechnology. The article states the invention by Prof. Ajayan and his team of flexible batteries using nano tubes and nanotechnology. He is shown in green shirt in the photo.

Prof. Ajayan has recently joined Rice University at Houston, Texas, from his earlier job at PRI, New York.)

Article in The Hindu:


Indians, key to nanotech battery breakthrough

Anand Parthasarathy

Three departments at Rensselaer Polytechnic in the United States collaborated

Photos: Special Arrangement


Paper-thin pundits: The nanotech paper battery developed in the U.S. — and the Indians behind the breakthrough. (Top) Ajayan, Nalamasu, and Murugesan. (Bottom) Manikoth, Pushparaj, and Kumar.

Bangalore: Researchers — most of them Indians — at the oldest technological university in the United States, have announced a breakthrough that might see ultra-thin batteries, made up of cellulose, the main component of paper.

Using nanotechnology — the science of the very small — the faculty and students of three departments at the Rensselaer Polytehnic in Troy, New York State, have created a flexible device, 90 per cent of which is composed of cellulose, the same plant cells used in newsprint. They infused this material with a nanotechnology material called carbon nanotubes, which acts as the plus and minus terminals of the battery and allow the device to store electricity. It can also be used as a capacitor to store a charge.

The device can be rolled, twisted, folded, cut ... and holds out the hope that, when the process is refined, batteries can be ‘printed’ in continuous rolls just as one prints paper in a printing press.

The findings are being reported in the August 21 issue of the “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,” in the United States. The three department heads who joined hands on the project are Pulickel M. Ajayan, Professor of Materials Science and team leader of the carbon nanotechnology research centre at Rensselaer; Robert Linhardt, Professor of Biocatalysis and Metabolic Engineering; and Omkaram Nalamasu, Director of the Centre for Integrated Engineering.

Professor Ajayan did his B.Tech. in Metallurgy, at Banaras Hindu University in 1985, before moving to the U.S. and obtaining his Ph.D in Materials Sciences at Northwestern University.

Dr. Nalamasu, an alumnus of Osmania University, Hyderabad, and a Ph.D in Chemistry from British Columbia University, Canada, is also the Chief Technology Officer of the Nanotechnology Consortium of New Jersey State.

Others who co-authored the paper are Victor Pushparaj, Senior Research Specialist in the Materials Science Department who originally did his Ph.D at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore; and three post doctoral research associates: Shaijumon Manikoth, who did his Ph.D at IIT, Madras; Ashavani Kumar who came with an M.Sc. in Chemistry from IIT, Kharagpur and a research doctorate at the National Chemical Laboratory, Pune — and Saravanababu Murugesan, who did his B.E. in Chemical Engineering from Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, and his Ph.D at Rensselaer.


The two non-Indian co-authors are senior research associate Lijie Ci and Nanotechnology Centre Manager Robert Vajtai.

Dr. Manikoth is quoted in the Polytechnic’s release, pointing out that the paper battery is free of any toxic chemicals, and therefore a ‘green’ device. Dr. Pushparaj suggests that it could be safely used to power devices such as cardiac pacemakers.

Team leader Professor Ajayan says: “The technology is just right for the current energy market ... looking for smaller, lighter power sources.” The team has applied for a patent and working on ways to turn the technology into a manufacturing process.

The full paper entitled “Flexible energy storage devices based on nanocomposite paper” by Dr. Pushparaj et al can be downloaded from the web page at



Flexible energy storage devices based on nanocomposite paper

( batteries | carbon nanotubes | supercapacitor )

Victor L. Pushparaj *, Manikoth M. Shaijumon *, Ashavani Kumar *, Saravanababu Murugesan , Lijie Ci *, Robert Vajtai , Robert J. Linhardt , Omkaram Nalamasu *, and Pulickel M. Ajayan *

Departments of *Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical and Biological Engineering, and Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Rensselaer Nanotechnology Center; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180

Communicated by Mildred S. Dresselhaus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, July 11, 2007 (received for review February 23, 2007)

There is strong recent interest in ultrathin, flexible, safe energy storage devices to meet the various design and power needs of modern gadgets. To build such fully flexible and robust electrochemical devices, multiple components with specific electrochemical and interfacial properties need to be integrated into single units. Here we show that these basic components, the electrode, separator, and electrolyte, can all be integrated into single contiguous nanocomposite units that can serve as building blocks for a variety of thin mechanically flexible energy storage devices. Nanoporous cellulose paper embedded with aligned carbon nanotube electrode and electrolyte constitutes the basic unit. The units are used to build various flexible supercapacitor, battery, hybrid, and dual-storage battery-in-supercapacitor devices. The thin freestanding nanocomposite paper devices offer complete mechanical flexibility during operation. The supercapacitors operate with electrolytes including aqueous solvents, room temperature ionic liquids, and bioelectrolytes and over record temperature ranges. These easy-to-assemble integrated nanocomposite energy-storage systems could provide unprecedented design ingenuity for a variety of devices operating over a wide range of temperature and environmental conditions.

Steel Research Centre To Be Set Up In IIT Kharagpur
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


(Chronicle note: We published the news about IT-BHU being involved in steel technology in our last month’s issue.)

Friday 17th of August 2007 A Rs.200 million steel technology centre will be set up at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur, for higher learning and research in the field of steel making.

The proposal for the centre, which would be run according to the rules and regulations of other such centres in the institution, was cleared by an empowered committee in the ministry of steel, according to an official statement.

IIT Kharagpur will provide facilities like manpower, administrative and infrastructure support and available equipment and laboratory.

The centre will encourage faculty members to offer more courses in iron and steel, take up research projects relevant to the industry in India and encourage students to take up projects relevant to the sector for their dissertations.

It will also carry out laboratory trials of technology developed jointly by the faculty of IIT, Kharagpur, scientists from the National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur, and other scientists and engineers from the steel industry.

The estimated expenditure of Rs.200 million for setting up the centre includes installation of laboratory facilities to address problems in iron and steel making and related areas.

The department of science and technology will bear 20 percent of the cost, including the expenditure on the chair professor and five research fellows. After five years, the recurring expenditure will be taken care of by the income generating activities of the centre, the statement added.

The empowered committee also cleared a proposal to create a post of chair professor in the department of metallurgy in IIT, Kharagpur, Benaras Hindu University and the National Institutes of Technology in Rourkela, Durgapur and Jamshedpur as also other institutes.

The salary of the chair professor will be at par with the individual institute's norms.

Each of these institutes will also provide scholarships to five undergraduate students to pursue studies in areas related to iron and steel.

The undergraduate scholarships will carry a stipend of Rs.4,000 per month during the entire period of the course.

The empowered committee, led by Steel Secretary R.S. Pandey, also approved a proposal for conducting a study to assess manpower requirement for the growing steel industry in the country. The study, to be undertaken by the Indian Institute of Metals, Kolkata, will project the manpower requirement of different skills from technicians to engineers over the next decade.

The report will be submitted by the end of December this year.

The committee reviewed the progress of ongoing research projects as well.

Surajit Chatterjee (Electronics-1980’s, IT-BHU)
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


Press Release

Brabeion Software Appoints Surajit Chatterjee Chief Technology Officer and Vice President of Engineering


Chatterjee to Lead Development of Company’s World Class Solutions that Manage IT Risk and Drive Regulatory Compliance; Tasked with Hiring World-Class Engineers

MCLEAN, Va.—August 1, 2005—Brabeion Software, a McLean, VA-based provider of IT security risk and compliance management software, today named Surajit Chatterjee Chief Technology Officer and Vice President of Engineering. In this role Mr. Chatterjee will be responsible for advancing the development of Brabeion’s solutions to address the demands of organizations across the globe, including the company’s current roster of more than 20 leading enterprises. Mr. Chatterjee will report to Brabeion president and CEO Julian Waits.

“Our customers are some of the biggest brand names in the world, and they are constantly challenging us to advance our solution to address their global compliance needs,” said Waits. “In order to execute our aggressive growth strategy we felt it was important to find a technology leader who could help recruit the right talent to drive our solution through its next phase of development. I have worked with Surajit in the past and have tremendous respect for his management skills and keen understanding of how to develop solutions that positively impact the day-to-day operations of customers.”

Brabeion’s solution, the Enterprise Security Architecture System (ESAS), enables enterprises to maintain a policy-based, measurable security program to manage the constantly evolving demands of government compliance via a secure, web-based software platform powered by the world’s most comprehensive risk and audit content provided by PricewaterhouseCoopers.

Mr. Chatterjee brings 20 years of development and software architecture leadership to Brabeion. Most recently he was responsible for the creation, design, and implementation of BNX Authenticated Sign-On, a state-of-the-art controlled access management software for Vienna, VA-based BNX Systems. Prior to his six years at BNX, Mr. Chatterjee was responsible for building AutoTreev, a workflow product from the Herndon, VA-based Treev, Inc.

Mr. Chatterjee also has worked as a consultant for IBM, the Center for Development of Telematics in India, and Bharat Electronics. His educational background includes a Masters in Computer Science from George Mason University and a Bachelors Degree in Electronics and Communications from the Institute of Technology, B.H.U. India.

About Brabeion Software

Brabeion enables enterprise to protect their technology assets, manage risk, and achieve and maintain compliance. Brabeion does this by delivering a secure, web-based software platform powered by the world’s most comprehensive IT risk and audit content. For more information on how Brabeion can protect your IT capital and enable you to achieve and maintain compliance, visit

Ajit Singh (Electrical 1985)
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


Ajit Singh, Ph.D., is president of the Oncology Care Systems Group of Siemens Medical Solutions. Assuming the position in August 2001, he launched a turn-around initiative to refocus the division into a solutions-oriented and more profitable business. The resulting process-driven structure is the worldwide headquarters for strategy and systems development encompassing the necessary functions of manufacturing, sales, marketing and service.
(He was also quoted in chronicle Sept. 2006 issue.)


Excerpts from the article

At long last a lingering idea comes to fruition for Singh

Philadelphia Business Journal - January 5, 2007
by Peter Key Staff Writer

MALVERN -- Fifteen years ago, Ajit Singh looked into the idea of creating a computer system that could provide doctors with the precise information they needed about a patient at the exact time and place they needed it.

Singh quickly realized that there was no demand for such a system and even if there were, the technology needed to make it didn't exist. So he turned his attention elsewhere. Still, he never completely let go of the idea.

"In the back of my mind, this was always an area that I wanted to come back to," he said.

Good thing, because he's been working on it full time since September. That was when Siemens Medical Solutions created the Image and Knowledge Management division and named Singh to head it.

The division was formed from three full-fledged business units and one unit that was just getting started.

One of the three mature units is responsible for syngo, Siemens' software for creating, processing and archiving medical images. Another is focused on RIS/PACS, a combination of two acronyms that stand for Radiology Information Systems/Picture Archiving and Communications Services. The last specializes in computer-aided diagnosis, or CAD.

The fledgling unit is developing software that uses artificial intelligence to help make treatment recommendations. ……
NAME: Ajit Singh
AGE: 43
JOB: President and CEO of Image and Knowledge Management division of Siemens Medical Solutions
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: For Siemens Medical, he has headed the Oncology Care Systems Division; led the global Health Initiative; and been responsible for the Managed Health Care Services and Picture Archiving and Communication Service business.
EDUCATION: BS in electrical engineering, Banaras Hindu University; MS in computer engineering, Syracuse University; Ph. D. in computer science, Columbia University.
HOMETOWN: Aligarh, India

(Forwarded by Subhash Shanbhag and Salim Shamshery of 1985 batch)

Mohan S, Misra (Metallurgy) joining ITN Energy Systems
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


Founder and CEO of ITN Energy Systems, Inc (

BOD in Ascent Solar (

Mohan S. Misra, Ph.D., Chairman and Chief Strategy Officer: Dr. Misra also is the founder and Chief Executive Officer of ITN. Before founding ITN in 1994, Dr. Misra spent 19 years with Martin Marietta in the areas of material research, development and manufacturing. While at Martin Marietta, Dr. Misra worked first as manager of Research and Technology, then led the company’s development of long-term technology strategies. Dr. Misra has helped develop and implement several key technologies for aerospace applications including thin-film photovoltaic, smart materials, advanced composites and lightweight structures. Dr. Misra holds a B.S. degree in Metallurgical Engineering from Benaras Hindu University in India, a M.S. degree in Metallurgical Engineering from the University of Washington and a Ph.D. in Metallurgical Engineering from the Colorado School of Mines.

Vinamra Pandiya (Chemical 2004) runs Mom’s Kitchen
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

Our alumnus has started an unusual but profitable business of catering ready-to-eat meals in Pune.

The partners are:

Vinamra Pandiya (Chemical 2004, IT-BHU) vinamra [DOT] pandiya [AT] momskitchen [DOT] in
Ashwani Kumar Singh Rathore (Civil 2005, NIT-Allahabad) ashwani [DOT] rathore [AT] momskitchen [DOT] in

Their interview appeared in Youth Curry magazine:

Interview with Vinamra Pandiya and Ashwini Rathod
Company: Mom's Kitchen
Founded: September 1 2006
Age: 26
Educational background: Vinamra (IT BHU 2004 batch, Infosys from campus placement); Aswini Rathod (NIT Allahabad 2005 batch, Cognizant from campus placement).

Vinamra and I are childhood friends. He graduated from IT BHU in 2005 and I passed out of NIT Allahabad the same year. I joined Cognizant while he was in Infosys. Initially we were in Bangalore, then we moved to Pune.

We had big dreams in our college days. Ki kuch karna hai. That coupled with the frustration of working in a big company ("at the end of the day you know, you do nothing!) led to the idea of starting a business.



Also good to see techies involved in such a hands-on business.

Mom's Kitchen got a canny feel for the market as well. A budget version of the dabba was introduced esp. for students @ Rs 25. It has everything except foil packaging and raita!

At current order levels Mom's Kitchen will do Rs 65 lakhs worth of business in the coming year. Probably more, with expansion in Pune as well as Chennai on the cards.

Here's wishing them all the very best!

Posted by Rashmi Bansal at 7:22:00 PM 42 comments

Deepak Hegde (M. Pharm 1993)
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

Dr. Deepak Hegde has been appointed as VP of Formulation Development Services by WuXi PharmaTech Co., Ltd.


His bio-data is here.

Dr. Deepak Hegde is an alumnus of IT-BHU. He completed M. Pharm in 1993 from IT-BHU in Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry under the guidance of Dr. Ratan Lal Khosa. He was at IT-BHU from Aug 1991 to Feb 1993 for his M. Pharm study.

B. Pharm, Mumbai University (1991)
M. Pharm, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (1993)
PhD in Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics, Mumbai University (1996)
MFM-Master of Financial Management, K. J. Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai (2000)

Deepak Hegde. PhD,
Vice President of Pharmaceutical Services
Wuxi PharmaTech Co. Ltd
288 FuTe ZhongLu
WaiGaoQiao Free Trade Zone
Shanghai 200131, P.R. China

E-mail: Deepak_hegde [AT] pharmatechs [DOT] com
Phone: +86(21) 5046-2687
Fax : +86 (21) 5046-1000
Cellular: +86 13817982074


The complete news:
WuXi PharmaTech Co., Ltd. Appoints Deepak Hegde as VP of Formulation Development Services

SHANGHAI, China, July 24 /Xinhua-PRNewswire/ -- WuXi PharmaTech, China's leading supplier of pharmaceutical R&D outsourcing services announced today the appointment of Dr. Deepak Hegde as Vice President of Formulation Development Services.


Before joining WuXi PharmaTech, Dr. Hegde served as General Manager of Drug Delivery Research Lab at USV Ltd., one of the largest Indian generic pharmaceutical companies. In this position, Dr. Hedge oversaw the development and registration of formulations to be exported to the American and European markets. His undertakings at USV Ltd. involved closely collaborating with the US-FDA on Abbreviated New Drug Applicant (ANDA) products and EMEA for the Product Dossiers for the European markets.

Prior to joining USV Ltd., Dr. Hegde worked in Sandoz (the generic arm of Novartis). At Sandoz, he implemented cutting-edge drug development technology transfers from Novartis development sites in India to Novartis commercial launch sites in Austria, Bangladesh, and South Africa.

Dr. Hegde's formulation and commercial manufacturing acumen, coupled with his operation experience makes him a valuable strategic addition to WuXi PharmaTech's rapidly growing Pharmaceutical Development Services (PDS) division. In his new role as Vice President of Formulation Development Services, Dr. Hegde will oversee the company's growing portfolio of formulation based service offerings. Dr. Hegde will report directly to Dr. Ge Li, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of WuXi PharmaTech.

"I am excited to welcome Dr. Hegde to WuXi PharmaTech. His strong and diverse industrial and operational background will be a great asset to our growing PDS division," commented Dr. Ge Li, Chairman and CEO of WuXi PharmaTech.

Dr. Hegde received his Bachelor of Pharmacy degree from the University of Mumbai (formerly the University of Bombay) before going on to receive a Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry from Banaras Hindu University. He returned to University of Mumbai to earn a Ph.D. in Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics in 1996, and has most recently received a Master of Financial Management from Somaiya Institute of Management Studies and Research. Dr. Hegde is a lifetime member of the Indian Pharmaceutical Association.

About WuXi PharmaTech Co., Ltd.

Founded in 2000, Shanghai-based WuXi PharmaTech is China's leading drug R&D service company. As a research-driven and customer-focused company, WuXi PharmaTech offers global pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies a diverse, value-added, and fully integrated portfolio of outsourcing services ranging from discovery chemistry, and process chemistry to service biology, bioanalytical chemistry, and large scale GMP manufacturing. WuXi PharmaTech assists its global partners in shortening the cycle and lowering the cost of drug discovery and development by providing cost-effective and efficient outsourcing solutions that save our clients both time and money. Currently, our customer list consists of 9 of the top 10 pharmaceutical companies in the world. For more information, please visit:


Usefulness of RTI Act and NREG Act-by Sandeep Pandey (Mechanical 1886)
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


(This article in The Indian Express is written by Sandeep Pandey (Mechanical 1986). He is one of the foremost social activists in our country, fighting for common men’s rights. He is winner of Ramon Magsaysay award (considered as equivalent to Asian Nobel Prize) in 2002 in the 'Emergent Leadership Category' for his work 'towards the upliftment of the poor and the underprivileged in India'.)


Government under your gaze

Sandeep Pandey

Posted online: Thursday, August 02, 2007 at 0000 hrs IST

The Right to Information (RTI) and the National Rural Employment Guarantee (NREG) Acts are considered to be two of the most progressive pieces of legislation in recent times. They are seen as a much-required corrective in an atmosphere where the government is considered to be coming increasingly under the influence of international financial institutions/corporations and getting more and more indifferent to the concerns of ordinary people.

Take the RTI Act. Meant to create more transparency and accountability in governance, it has for the first time provided an opportunity to ordinary people to intervene in political and administrative decision-making. Politicians and bureaucrats have, thus far, considered it their prerogative to keep information secret. What is not widely recognised is that this mindset characterises not just secretaries and under-secretaries but those who man the lowest tier of government. For instance, in January 2003, the gram pradhans of Ambedkar villages and two MLAs (including a minister in the then Mayawati government) unanimously passed a resolution calling for the jailing of anyone demanding income-expenditure details from the Gram Panchayat Bharawan of Hardoi district, Uttar Pradesh, or for holding dharna to push for their claims. As people’s representatives, they argued, they enjoyed a privileged position and were above providing a statement of accounts for public funds.

Before the RTI Act came into force, officials would humiliate citizens who asked for information and sometimes even threatened them. In their arrogance they did not even bother to do basic book-keeping. The first statement of accounts for the Bharawan Gram Panchayat, which was given to the people by the block development officer (BDO), did not carry any entries under expenditure. When asked about it, the officer explained that that was how accounts have been kept all those years. This was confirmed by the District Rural Development Agency, where employees confessed that once funds left their office, they did not bother to follow up on any details of how they were spent — the assumption was that the funds disbursed were spent for the intended purpose. In a detail of accounts the Bharawan Block Panchayat obtained using the RTI Act, it was discovered that the desilting of a canal was shown to have been performed for more than Rs 3 lakh when no work was done at all.

The RTI Act has made a difference to this situation of complete unaccountability. Today, if an ordinary villager goes to an office with an application seeking information under the RTI Act, she would be treated with respect, offered tea and asked about her problem. Officials would promise to address her problem in a bid to convince her to withdraw her application. Although officials try their best to evade accountability, there is a realisation that they cannot continue to function like they used to. This is good news for democracy. The BDO of Behender block in Hardoi recently confessed that it is only since people have started asking for information that the office has been compelled to keep books.

The NREGA goes a step further and secures the legal right of the people of a gram sabha to conduct social audits of work being performed under the NREGA. This is the first acknowledgement by the government that it requires people’s help in tackling an imperfect system. Earlier, one could only complain if one suspected a misappropriation of funds and then it was up to the authorities to institute an inquiry. Now ordinary citizens have the right to all data pertaining to the workings of the NREGA and must receive it within 15 days of their application. They can then place the records before the villagers for physical verification. The social audits conducted at various places in the country under the NREGA have uncovered numerous discrepancies, ranging from fake names in muster rolls to the fact that facilities for workers are not provided for. Labourers are at last getting their dues in most places where the NREGA is in force.

Today, there is a need to build on the newly instilled sense of confidence among the great majority of rural north India that the RTI and NREG legislation has engendered. At least people can now discern the contours of a functioning democracy. But we need to build on the fact that people no longer need to be at the mercy of bureaucrats or politicians. They should now be involved in the process of decision-making and planning, even as social audits are extended to cover all schemes and government offices.

The writer, a Lucknow-based social activist, is a Magsaysay awardee

Interview with Prof. T. K. Bhattacharya (Mechanical 1967)
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

Dr. Topan K. Bhattacharya is Professor of Finance and Funds Manager of the Cameron Foundation Inc. at Cameron University, Lawton, Oklahoma, USA. He has a B.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering in 1967 from IT-BHU, a Ph.D. in Finance (University of Oklahoma), and is a Chartered Financial Analyst.

For chronicle, Sourabh Tripathi (Ceramics 2006) discusses with the professor about his teaching career in finance:


Q-1: Please tell us about yourself.

After graduating from BHU, I joined DCM as a Senior Management Trainee and served with them for 4 years. I them joined MICO BOSCH and worked for 13 years. In my last assignment I was head of Sales and Service for Eastern India, a territory that at that time extended up to Agra. I took advantage of a terrific early retirement scheme (4 years salary) to pack up my bags and pursue a Ph.D. at the University of Oklahoma. It was a fun experience, particularly living in “comfortable poverty” level for 5 years. At the University I was able to win a number of prestigious awards like the Barnett Scholarship (only one is given every year to a Ph.D. student in the College of Business), the Cleo Cross Scholarship (a university wide scholarship given to international students). My wife’s contribution during my student days was phenomenal. She looked after our two small children, earned very good money teaching Indian Music and giving musical performances locally and out of town and taking care of an Indian husband (American (or born in America) husbands are much better in helping out at home). My American fellow students used to say “Your wife spoils you rotten.”

Q-2: What prompted you to switch the career from engineering to finance?

During my career in the industry, I realized the importance of finance and developed a keen interest in the stock market. After taking an early retirement from MICO-BOSCH I decided to earn a Ph.D. in Finance. What is interesting is that a large number of Indians who have Finance PhDs. have engineering degrees.

Q-3: How do you feel about working as faculty of Cameron University?

I have had a terrific time working at Cameron University because I was afforded unusual opportunities to participate in some interesting areas.

In my first year at the university, I was appointed Director of the Business Research Center and within two years was awarded the Lawton Independent Insurance Agents Chair. In this position I was able to contribute to Economic Development in Southwest Oklahoma and start the Southwest Economics and Business Journal, a scholarly refereed journal that is still being published.

I have had the opportunity to teach a very interesting two-semester program class that uses real money to teach investments. What is unique about this program is that the source of the money is a bank loan. The second semester students prepare investment plans for real people and have been able to make significant improvements to the investment portfolios of many individuals.

Managing funds for the University Foundation is a real privilege, and I have been doing it for 14 years. I won the job in competition with large firms like Merrill Lynch and Smith Barney and have been reappointed without a break.

I was also the Chairman of the Business Department for years and was the first foreign born professor to get that position. As Chairman, I led the effort to get the Business Program accredited.

One of the things I do here is to arrange the “India Nite.” We get great speakers (Consul General Tayal from Houston, who is now an ambassador, was our first speaker), top notch musicians from India (Debashish Bhattacharya, Slide guitar; Satish Vyas, Santoor) and have a mouth watering Indian dinner. Seventy five percent of the audience is non-Indian. The event gets completely sold out weeks in advance.

The university has been good to me. They have awarded me the highest teaching and research honors and I have been inducted in the faculty hall of fame.

I could go on and on, but I better stop here. Overall, I have so much fun doing what I do that I call my job my retirement.

Q-4: Please tell us the research work done by in the field of economy & finance.

My research work can be classified into three categories:

1) Research in Finance

One of the interesting research projects I have done is:

"Bond Yields Compared to Amortizing Yields." Published in the Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, (1993) with my co-author and mentor Dr. Duane Stock.

This paper is on fixed income securities and analyzes yields of bonds and amortization instruments and yield spreads between these instruments. This involved a fair amount of mathematics, but the final version that was accepted had the math toned down.

2) Research in Economics

These are applied economics projects that are found to have useful applications. Example:

"The Role of Interactive Universities in Regional Economic Development." Southwest Oklahoma Economic Review, (1992).

This paper was written at a time when there was a major push to improve the contribution by universities to economic development and we thought it would help universities to build a road-map for getting involved in economic development.

3) Pedagogical Research

The papers are devoted to improving the teaching process. Example:

"Teaching the Introductory Finance Course: What Can We Learn from Student Perceptions and Expectations?" Financial Practice and Education, (1999).

We realize the importance of student feedback in teaching and we used this research to improve our courses.

For more research projects please click here.

Q-5: What advice would you give to an engineering student wishing to enter a financial field?

Finance consists of three major fields (1) Financial Markets and Institutions, (2) Financial Management and (3) Investments.

1) Financial Markets and Institutions

The institutions consist of banks, insurance companies, mutual funds and investment banking firms. Skills required are knowledge of how financial markets work, different financial instruments and how these are used, risk-management, computer skills, general business skills for managing business.

2) Financial Management

This involves raising funds, allocating funds and monitoring the use of funds. Decision areas include long-term investment decisions like setting up or expanding factories, buying up new companies, purchasing equipment; short term financing decisions like cash management, inventory management, credit management; financing decisions like issuing stocks or bonds, paying dividends or repurchasing stocks, financial controls like preparing and monitoring budgets.

3) Investments

This is my field and it is very exciting. New developments are occurring all the time. Finance is getting very quantitative and is thus a great field for engineers. In fact, one area is called financial engineering where new products are created to meet investor needs and to manage risk.

Those who read business newspapers and magazines have probably seen that hedge funds and private equity firms are in the news. People are making very large sums of money in these areas (a few are billionaires).

Doctorates in Finance are in high demand in academia as well as in the industry. For investment professionals a CFA is highly desirable. For those interested in pursuing a CFA, check out the web site of the CFA Institute

To sum up, finance is a fascinating and rewarding area.

Q-6: How do you remember your college days at IT-BHU?

BHU days were absolutely great. Some of my good friends during that time were Dr. B.B. Bansal, currently a professor at IT-BHU and one of the top brains in our class. He was one of the three UP board toppers we had. Dr. Bansal holds our group together and keeps in touch with us from time to time. My room mate used to be Sudhir Bishnoi, a terrific badminton player and a big oil guy now. Arvind Majumdar was the best table tennis player we had ever had and I could never beat him despite the fact that I was a ranked player for five years and was the university captain in 1966-67. I wonder what he his doing now. I could go on and on.

Some tidbits about our professors: Dr. Govil would often tell us in class “When I was in Germany,” Mr. Banerjee, dean of Woodology (carpentry shop) would not allow students to come in if they wore chappals. Mr. P. Sen (electrical) would offer cigarettes to students (sometimes). We had great teachers and we are grateful to them for giving us a terrific education.

Then we had the two university doctors who were nicknamed “Cobra” and “Ghora.” These gentlemen took care of our health and we mean students gave them horrid nicknames. I am sure my students here have pretty nasty nicknames for me. I love them and they love me too (at least some of them).

I enrolled in Automobile Engineering because I could get a ride on one of the two Rolls Royce cars the college had. Do you still have them?

Q-7: Please tell us more about your personal life.

I have a wonderful family. My wife is an accomplished singer and a music teacher and is so well known in this multi-state region that when I introduce myself as Ruchira Bhattacharya’s husband people instantly recognize the name. She is a great human being and has sacrificed a lot for us, particularly when I was a student and when I was working very hard for tenure.

My elder son Shantanu is a math and computer whiz and works with Lockheed Martin designing highly sophisticated defense systems. He is a very good tabla player and is a disciple of Ustad Tari Khan. His wife Shauna is an adorable school teacher, speaks a little Bengali, but is dangerous in her understanding of the language. She understands everything we say. Their daughter, 3-year old Ila is absolutely gorgeous. Even those who are not her grandparents say so. She speaks a mixture of English and Bengali and her father hope to make a great table player. My younger son, Sanjit, is a “Bania” born in a “Brahmin’s” house (so my friend Ramesh Bhardwaj says). He is an entrepreneur and has been in business since the age of sixteen. He reluctantly finished college, complaining that his time at the college was hurting his business. I am hoping that he will soon become very rich and buy me a Bentley on my 65th birthday. For my 60th he merely threw a big party. For the time being he just buys us vacations every year.

I still play table tennis and up till the age of 55 I could hang with youngsters. These days I can’t beat my sons anymore. My favorite hobby is to give pro-bono (free) advice in investments to low net-worth (meaning not rich) individuals. It is unbelievable how many educated people have no clue how to invest their money. I help my son out in his business and so does my wife. We call her the CAO (Chief Administrative Officer) and my son the CEO. I am the one who gets ordered around and I love it.

I am crazy about cars. As a student we could not afford to buy newspapers but we did subscribe without interruption to CAR and DRIVER magazine. My tip to those who love luxury cars but can’t afford them – “Buy them three to four years old. Let the rich suckers take the big hit on price depreciation.”

Q-8: Thank you Sir. It was nice talking to you.

I have said too much already. You will find additional information about me on my web site

For information about Cameron Univeristy, please visit,


Interview with Indranil Chatterjee (Mechanical 1997)
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

Indranil Chatterjee is the Director of Wireless Marketing and Strategy at Alcatel-Lucent. He leads a team responsible for development and marketing of Alcatel-Lucent's wireless solutions. In this role, he has had extensive interactions with customers in Europe, Asia, and North America and has played a significant role in establishing Alcatel-Lucent as a leader in wireless solutions. He holds an MBA from Duke University's Fuqua School of Business, in North Carolina, USA.

For chronicle, Rajat Harlalka (Electrical 2005) discusses with Indranil about his professional career in the telecom company:


Q-1: Welcome, sir. Please provide some background info about you to our readers.

Hi, I am Indranil Chatterjee and I am currently a Director of Wireless Marketing and Strategy at Alcatel-Lucent. I started off in the small industrial town of Jamshedpur in India, where I did my schooling and still have lots of fond memories of this beautiful city, my schools and the great friends I made here. Next stop was Banaras where I had four fun-filled years at IT-BHU and along the way, was fortunate to walk away with my mechanical engineering degree. Finally, it was time to earn some money and I joined Infosys Technologies, though I have to admit that I didn’t stay long enough to make any notable money.

After 4 years of love-fest with IT and software, I headed off to business school at Duke University. Business school, to put it bluntly, really opened my to the world of business and really was a lesson for me in the nuances of marketing, strategy, and finance – areas where I had very limited experience so far, as most of my experience in Infosys related to operations and business development. The final stop in the journey so far has been my current job which started off with an offer in Lucent’s Technologies Leadership Development Program. On the personal front, life is busy to say the least, as I am constantly juggling work, playing the husband and playing the dad to my 3 yr old daughter and 5 month old son.

Q-2: What have been Alcatel-Lucent main areas of focus and growth strategies since the merge?

On completion of the merger, Alcatel-Lucent became the world’s largest network equipment manufacturer with a presence in more than 130 countries and revenues of about $25 billion. In terms of focus, simply put, it is to grow revenues while taking cost out the business to the tune of about $2.2 billion over 3 years. The primary growth strategy is to use the broadest and deepest portfolio in the industry across wireless, wireline (cable) and services coupled with strong in-country local resources and talent to provide our customers with an end to end solution as they transform their legacy networks to support more IP based voice, video and data communications.

Q-3: What are some of the key changes in the industry that Alcatel-Lucent has witnessed over the past year? How has the company aligned itself to reflect these changes?

I believe that there are a few key changes that have impacted the telecom equipment changes. One relates to Porter’s five forces. Basically the bargaining power of suppliers (i.e. companies like Alcatel-Lucent) has remained low since the dot com bubble burst and while recent merger of equipment vendors like ours is a step in the right direction, the power still rests with our customers (i.e. operators like Verizon, AT&T etc.). This has had negative impact on our margins because of severe pricing pressure, especially from Chinese competitors such as Huawei and ZTE.

The second key trend for telecom infrastructure suppliers in general is that legacy network equipment revenue, mainly deployed for voice, continued to decline in recent years, while the volume of next-generation business related to IP based voice, video and data is not yet large enough to make up the difference.

The third key trend is the emergence of ‘over the top’ players like Google, Skype, Yahoo etc. They typically ride on the networks of our customers and provide similar services, albeit with a much quicker time to market, and often times free accelerating the decline in voice revenues of our traditional customers.

The combination of the three trends has made the fundamentals of the telecom industry very challenging in mature economies like US and Western Europe. As I have mentioned previously, Alcatel-Lucent is aggressively trying to cut costs to be more price competitive and investing in developing end to end IP solutions to address the trends mentioned above.

Q-4: What are some of the major challenges specific to Alcatel-Lucent in the industry today and how do you overcome them? What are Alcatel-Lucent strengths and core competencies that have allowed it to remain successful even in these difficult market conditions?

The immediate challenge that Alcatel-Lucent faces is strong post merger execution and functioning as ONE company. Right now we have to invest time and resources in making the merger a success in terms of integration of people, culture, processes, systems etc. and this takes away from focus on the customer. Lack of focus on the customer opens the door for our competitors such as Ericsson and Cisco to take share from us. Secondly, we have to improve our margins and become profitable (we have had losses in our last two quarters but hope to be profitable by close of fiscal year 2007). This is also related to the success of post merger execution.

Our core strength is our people and the local support and talent we have in 130+ countries to win business by being the trusted partner of our customers. Also because we have the broadest and deepest portfolio in the industry in terms of wireless, wireline, applications, enterprise and services, we have the unique ability to provide our customers a complete end to end solution that meets their needs.

Q-5: A significant part in the process of developing wireless networks is ensuring that the data on wireless devices is secure. What do you see as the biggest threats to that security?

Like with any mode of communication and interaction, security is a big threat in the world of wireless. While hackers initially focused on the wired internet world, now they have become increasingly sophisticated with the current wireless protocols, encryption methods, and of course, the carelessness and ignorance that exists at the user and corporate IT level have made things easier for the hackers. For example it is estimated that 95% of all corporate laptop computers that were planned to be purchased in 2005 were equipped with wireless. Issues can arise in a supposedly non-wireless organization when a wireless laptop is plugged into the corporate network. A hacker/cracker could sit out in the parking lot and break in through the wireless card on a laptop and gain access to the wired network of the enterprise and do considerable damage. Bottom line, security is becoming a major concern in the wireless world and it’s important to take steps like enhanced encryption of data and education of users among other things to secure wireless networks and data.

Q-6: What are the objectives pursued by Alcatel-Lucent across Asia Pacific? What are some of your specific strategies to achieve these objectives?

Asia Pacific market is huge growth market for Alcatel-Lucent. More than 20% of our global revenues in 2006 came from Asia Pacific including India and we have invested more than a billion dollars in the region in multiple R&D centers. Our objective is to tap into the strong growth opportunities we continue to see in mainly India, China and South East Asia, in the wireless and broadband markets. For example, anywhere from 5 to 8 million wireless subscribers are added in India each month and a similar number is added in China. This number is almost 3 to 4 times the number of new subscriber added in the US but on the other hand what makes this market challenging is the low Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) that our customers get – the ARPU could be as low as 1/10th of the US market or even lower. Therefore our customers like China Mobile, Reliance etc look to us to reduce our prices.

Our primary strategy is to localize development of products for these markets, develop strong relationship with the customers and last but not the least, be aggressive on pricing.

Q-7: How do you see the Asia Pacific telecommunications landscape changing over the next 2-3 years and the roles that Alcatel-Lucent will play in this evolution?

There will be a few things that could happen, given the strong growth potential of this region. From an industry standpoint, I can see more foreign telecom operators trying to enter the market before it gets too late and the premium to acquire local players make them unaffordable. For example we recently saw Vodafone entering the India market and China Mobile entering the Pakistan market.

From an end user standpoint, I see a bigger need for broadband services. For example while broadband penetration in mature economies like the US, western Europe, Japan, S. Korea, Australia etc is well above 50%, it is still in the single digits or in early teens, in most Asia Pacific countries. Alcatel-Lucent is the industry leader in providing wireline broadband services like DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) and GPON (Gigabit Passive Optical Network) and also in enabling wireless broadband services.

Q-8: in the past Lucent has spoken about how Wi-Fi and 3G are complementary technologies and how it has pioneered 3G /WiFi LAN integration. Is Wi-Fi up to the task of handling voice in the enterprise? Does the appearance of WiMAX, Ultra-wideband and various on-the-horizon 4G technologies change the scenario?

I think the usage of Wi-Fi for voice is more of a business issue than a technology issue though technology does play a role too. Currently, from a business perspective, the number of Wi-Fi-enabled cell phones available in the United States pales in comparison to mobile phones without Wi-Fi support. And that’s for a number of reasons, not the least of which is the cell phone companies’ hesitance to offer phones that support the technology; for fear that their customers will increasingly employ wireless hotspots instead of paying for the use of their cellular networks.

From a technology perspective there are a couple of items that still need some work – one is seamless roaming and handoff between the Wi-Fi network and the macro cellular network and the other is that Wi-Fi sucks up handheld battery life. Hopefully with the iPhone and other Wi-Fi enabled phones in the market corporate CIOs (Chief Information Officers) will take more interest in enabling voice over Wi-Fi in their enterprises. Bottom line, the cost of Wi-Fi enabled phones are still high, there aren’t employees using them or asking for them and last but not the least, the cellular companies give good volume discounts on voice calls to the CIOs ensuring that the business case for Wi-Fi voice in enterprises is still not a slam dunk.

As for 4G technologies, except WiMAX (World Interoperability for Microwave Access) which is being trailed by multiple operators including some big names like Sprint, in reality 4G is still a few years away. Even WiMAX is at least a couple of years away from having a eco-system (chipsets, devices, network deployments, consumer/enterprise adoption etc.) as mature as that of Wi-Fi.

Q-9: We’ve heard time and again that developing product for the SMB (Small or Medium Sized Business) space is very tough to get right. What is your viewpoint?

I agree that the statement holds true at a high level but if you dig deeper, you do see some trends emerging. For one, in the past, we often saw that technology companies developed products for consumers and/or large enterprises and tried to resell that same product to the SMB without paying focusing on this market segment. Now we see the likes of being successful by understanding how to use the web to address the needs of this price sensitive segment and not surprisingly now we see others like SAP and Google (downloadable Office applications) following suit.

Q-10: After graduating from IT-BHU in 1997, your first job was with Infosys Technologies; what was that experience like and what did you learn that you believe helped you get to where you are today?

When I joined Infosys in 1997, it was still a relatively small company with a few thousand employees and in fact I joined the Bhubaneswar office where we were the first batch of less than hundred employees. I joined a project for a customer in Los Angeles, California and right from day one we had some tough deadlines that we had to meet on a regular basis. A strong customer oriented culture and constant project delivery against tough deadlines was immensely helpful as I look back and reflect on my Infosys career. It has helped me stay focused, especially when you are working in a big company where you often see employees work ‘hard’ versus ‘smart’. In other words, people stay busy doing a long list of activities versus working on the right set of items that are aligned with the objectives of the business, and ultimately drive results for the business.

Secondly, I was lucky to get exposed to direct customer interaction early in my career. That clearly helped me hone my communication skills, which I believe is imperative for success in your career. While command of English language can’t hurt, communication, if you think about it broadly, is much more than just speaking English and involves preparation, analytical thinking and organization of thought and actions. I do believe that the fundamentals of strong communication hold true whether you are in a meeting, in front of your boss, presenting to a customer or managing/leading a project and my days in Infosys definitely helped me work on this important skill.

Q-11: Any memories from IT-BHU that you would like to share with us.

I think I speak on behalf of most of my peers that my memories of IT-BHU come pouring out when I get together with a couple of my batch mates. In general, the list of memories is long and involves a lot of great ones like the ‘night cricket’ tournaments we used to have under floodlights in the basketball court. Make no mistake that these tournaments were taken very seriously and involved a deep sense of pride and bragging rights for the winning year/branch team. As you can guess, one can go on and on about the hostels, friends, the mandir etc that became a part of my daily life as I spent 4 great years in this busy as hell, cramped but lively city of Benares.

Thank you, sir. We hope information provided by you will be useful to engineers who want to become leaders of corporate world.


Email address for Indranil Chatterjee:
ichatterjee [AT] alcatel-lucent [DOT] com; post2indranil [AT] yahoo [DOT] com

IIT-JEE 2007-an overview
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

IIT-JEE was held as single exam for admission to the IITs and other selected colleges for the academic year 2007-2008. Out of total seats, 15% seats are reserved for Scheduled Caste students and 7.5% for Scheduled Tribe students, besides 3% for Physically Handicapped candidates.

The total number of students who appeared for the JEE this year was 2,43,029 of which 7,209 were eligible to seek admission to 5,537 seats in IITs at Mumbai, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Chennai and Roorkee, IT-BHU Varanasi and ISMU, Dhanbad. This number is 30% more than the available seats, with the assumption that not all qualified candidates will accept admission offer.

IITs admit SC/ST students with relaxed criteria and this year 20,892 Scheduled Caste candidates appeared for the JEE of which 594 qualified and similarly of the 5,909 Scheduled Tribe candidates who wrote the exam, 109 candidates qualified.

Candidates with certified physical disabilities (PD) are also granted admission with relaxed norms and 15 candidates qualified under these norms. For students with reading disability specially enlarged question papers were provided this year.

IITs have also put out an extended merit list and students on this list were counseled by the Indian Institute of Space Science and Space Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram, Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) at Pune, Kolkata and Mohali. The Directorate General of Shipping also offered admission to Marine Engineering Colleges in Bombay and Calcutta, based on JEE result (extended merit list).

Admission to IT-BHU for the academic year 2007-2008
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

For this year, 562 students were admitted to our institute, out of which 531 were from general category and 31 from SC category, and nil from SC category. 40 were girls. 124 students from SC/ST category were selected for preparatory course, where they will spend extra one year for learning, and shall be admitted based on satisfactory progress.

The students were admitted for 4 year B. Tech programs (total 10 programs) and 5 year DDI-Duel Degree Integrated M. Tech program (total 11 programs) and 5 year M. Tech programs (3 programs) for Applied Sciences. 419 students were admitted for 4 yr B. tech program and 143 for 5 yr M. Tech programs.

The opening rank was 1612. The students’ preferences for 4 yr B. Tech programs were Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics Engineering and Electrical Engineering respectively, For 5 yr M. Tech programs, preferences were CSE, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. The preferences are arrived based on median IIT-JEE ranks of students in a particular class. (Median rank is defined as the one for which 50% students above it and 50% below it in the class.)

We are thankful to Prof. Som Nath Mahendra, IIT-JEE coordinator for our institute, to provide us with JEE data of admitted students.

The complete list of admitted students:

We are pleased to provide the complete the list of admitted students, branch wise. This is based on official list received from the institute. For privacy concerns, Registration number, category (Gen/SC/ST) and JEE rank is omitted from the list. The names are arranged randomly.

To view the complete list of admitted students, please click here.

Following is the speech by Prof. S. N. Mahendra delivered to the incoming batch of students.

Brief report of Joint Entrance Examination – 2007
Professor S. N. Mahendra
Chairman IT-BHU JEE -2007


We all know the purpose of education.

It is, in principle, value addition in the human being.

I earnestly hope that the candidates selected, their parents and our Institute will have this aspect for the next four or five years, so that when the new entrants move out of the portals of this University we all feel that their value has been enhanced. Let us all work for it.

During discussion with our alumni (graduated about 5 to 50 years back) it came out that ‘In IT-BHU the value-addition is in the form of a life-time Education with a human touch and this is special and very different from any other institution’.

I will now present a brief report of Joint Entrance Examination – 2007

Objectives of JEE Operation in IT-BHU are as follows:

  1. Smooth conduct of Joint Entrance Examination in BHU.
  2. Counseling of JEE qualified candidates.
  3. Admission of Candidates at IT-BHU.
  1. Joint Entrance Examination
    • Joint Entrance Examination was held on 8th April 2007 as per guidelines of JEE. There were 14 Examination Centers. Team behind the complete operation consisted of 14 Presiding Officers, 21 Deputy Presiding Officers, 14 Observers from IIT-Roorkee, 28 Observers from IT-BHU, about 320 Invigilators and a large number of Administrative and Supporting Staff. Efficient control and execution was done by the Vice-Chairman, JEE, Coordinating Presiding Officer, Secretary, JEE and Academic Section of IT-Directorate. The Chief Proctor, Banaras Hindu University and his team effectively ensured security. The examination was held smoothly without any untoward incident. IIT-Roorkee team was satisfied with the entire operation of JEE-2007 Examination at BHU.
    • This year the number of JEE candidates appearing in BHU was about 4800. To accommodate so many candidates 14 centres were created in BHU.
    • This year the candidates’ performance in physics, chemistry and mathematics was judged in two sessions (instead of three as was done in 2006). Each session had questions in all the three subjects but the approach for examining the capability of candidates was different in each case.
    • As in previous years this year also the whole JEE operation was quite challenging and big. With the grace of God, the entire JEE operation was carried out satisfactorily due to a very good and overwhelming cooperation from all the teachers of the University, who acted as Presiding Officers, Deputy Presiding Officers, Observers and Invigilators during the examination. Everyone worked very hard to maintain the prestige of JEE. I take this opportunity to thank one & all for the cooperation, in particular the Academic Section and the JEE office of the IT-Directorate.
    • Thanks are also due to the Airport Authority, Babatpur Airport, Varanasi and the Indian Railways in Varanasi - the Station Manager and Assistant Station Master, Varanasi Cantt. Station. It was because of their immense cooperation that the boxes carrying examination materials from Roorkee were easily unloaded and loaded at Varanasi Airport and Varanasi Station respectively. Thanks are also due to the Chief Engineer, Eastern Zone, UP Electricity Board, for ensuring uninterrupted power supply during the examination period.

  2. Counseling & Seat-Allocation

    During counseling there is an interaction of the Counselors with the aspiring candidates and their guardians. The counselors act as an effective interface between the candidates and the Institutes to help the candidates in making their choices. Depending upon the interest of the candidates and the image of the institutes, the qualified candidates fill-up their choices of the branch and the Institute.

    You may be interested to know few significant details of JEE Operation related to counseling & Seat-Allocation.

    The Qualified candidates get Counseling Brochure for JEE which contains information regarding various branches of engineering available in the participating Institutes, the courses offered by different Institute together with the number of seats available and opening and closing ranks of the candidates who had opted to study in different Institutes in the respective branch of engineering in the previous year.

    From the choice-sheets, depending upon AIR of candidate, his choices and availability of seats the candidate is allotted a particular seat in a particular Institute.

  3. New Courses of Study at IT-BHU

    During last two years following new courses were introduced at Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

    Five-Year M.Tech. Integrated Course

    1. Engineering Physics
    2. Industrial Chemistry
    3. Mathematics & Computing

    Five-Year M.Tech. Dual Degree Course

    4. Ceramic Engineering
    5. Computer Science & Engineering
    6. Civil Engg. with M.Tech. in Structural Engg.
    7. Mechanical Engineering
    8. Metallurgical Engineering
    9. Materials Science and Technology
    10. Biochemical Engineering
    11. Bioengineering with M.Tech. in Biomedical Engineering
    12. Electrical Engineering with M.Tech. in Power Electronics
    13. Mining Engineering

    Five-Year M.Pharm. Dual Degree Course

    14. Pharmaceutics

  4. I will give a glimpse of IT-BHU 2007 Admission Statistics

    Total of 562 students have been selected for admission in IT-BHU that includes 40 girls. The breakup of the selected students is as follows:

    General Category: 531
    SC Category: 31
    ST Category: Nil

    In addition 124 (72 SC + 52 ST) candidates have been selected for Preparatory Course in IT-BHU.

  5. Concluding Remarks

    Immediately after the seat allocation, the information was put on the Institute websites. The offer letter from IT-BHU was sent to the respective candidates along with a letter from our Director giving necessary information and actions required from the candidates for admission to IT-BHU. Welcome Brochure was put on the website to introduce IT-BHU to the selected candidates and their parents.

I, once again, take this opportunity to express my personal thanks to my Vice-Chairman, Prof. P.K. Jain, Coordinating Presiding Officer, Prof. A.K. Ghose, Secretary, JEE, Dr. S.N. Singh, Assistant Registrar (Academic) with his team for the tremendous amount of support and cooperation.

Since Varanasi fascinates me very much, I will conclude my report by placing before you few observations related to Varanasi which have been made by eminent persons.

First one is from Mr. Shyam Benegal, the famous film director:

‘Varanasi is a photogenic city.
Like Aishwarya Rai – shoot her from any angle and it gives a perfect shot.’

Second one is form Ms. Abha Narain Lambah, Conservationist, (which appeared in India Today 30th Anniversary Issue, July 03, 2006).

“My favourite destination would be Varanasi.

  • Few cities are as vital, living and throbbing as this one.
  • What makes it fascinating is its several overlays.
  • A city of contrasts, it encapsulates India.
  • Yes, it is maddening and confusing – after all, multi-hued Varanasi has been built upon by various dynasties.
  • It is possible to visit this city time and again and still find new experiences.

    On the first visit, the over-riding emotion would probably be shock – at the sensory overload and the chaos.
    On your second visit, prepare to be astounded by its architectural grandeur.
    On the third, the cultural nuances (i.e. delicate shades of differences) become obvious.
    On the fourth, you can just sit by the Ganga and soak in the sights and sounds.

  • Ultimately, Varanasi is like a grand amphitheatre that draws people from far and wide to participate in a timeless show.”

Thanking you.

Chairman, JEE-2007

2007 admission statistics
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007
Here are some quick stats for your information:

2007 Programs and Students Enrollment:

Sr.No. Programs Course No. of students Topper of 2007
1 Computer Science and Engineering 4-yr 35 Deepesh Reja
2 Ceramics Engineering 4-yr 30 Anand Goyal
3 Chemical Engineering 4-yr 61 Prakhar Jain
4 Civil Engineering 4-yr 40 Dheeraj Arora
5 Electrical Engineering 4-yr 48 Alok Dwivedi
6 Electronics Engineering 4-yr 48 Ms. Stuti Bazaj
7 Mechanical Engineering 4-yr 54 Vivek Jain
8 Metallurgical Engineering 4-yr 35 S. Vishwanath
9 Mining Engineering 4 yr 50 Rahul Singh
10 Pharmaceutics 4-yr 18 Ankush Shah
11 Applied Physics 5-yr M. Tech 10 Achint Gupta
12 Applied Chemistry 5-yr M. Tech 10 Saket Suman
13 Applied Mathematics 5-yr M. Tech 10 Ahuja Vishal Rajkumar
14 Computer Science and Engineering 5-yr dual 9 Ms. Nidhi Gupta
15 Ceramics Engineering 5-yr dual 10 Gaurav Singh
16 Civil Engineering 5-yr dual 10 Prasanna Kumar G V N K
17 Electrical Engineering 5-yr dual 12 Ms. Mugdha
18 Mechanical Engineering 5-yr dual 12 Vaishak S
19 Metallurgical Engineering 5-yr dual 10 T S Nikhilesh Iyer
20 Mining Engineering 5-yr dual 10 Anup Kumar Digarse
21 Biochemical Engineering 5-yr dual 10 Roshan J Pradeepam
22 Biomedical Engineering 5-yr dual 10 Sreedhar K.
23 Material Science 5-yr dual 10 P M Prashanth
24 Pharmaceutics 5-yr dual 10 Rajat Malik
Total = 562

JEE 2007 top five rank holders among IT-BHU students:

Merit Department Course Name Rank
1 Computer Science and Engineering 4-yr Deepesh Reja 1612
2 Computer Science and Engineering 4-yr Animesh Aditya 1647
3 Computer Science and Engineering 4-yr Shailendra Sharma 1750
4 Electronics Engineering 4-yr Ms. Stuti Bazaj 1799
5 Computer Science and Engineering 4-yr Saurabh Gupta 1812

First Among Equals-Deepesh Reja
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

(By Ankit Khanna, 3rd year Engineering Physics)

The IT Kholu (topper among freshers) this time around is a mild mannered, hard-working person from Orai (district Jalaun U.P). Deepesh Reja with a JEE Rank of 1612 has opted for Computer science in IT.

Here is what he had to say in an interview with the IT-BHU Chronicle:

Chronicle: Why did you opt for Computer Science and Engineering?
Deepesh: The world of software and programming has fascinated me since childhood and it offers great career prospects too. So Computer Science and Engineering was an easy choice for me.

Chronicle: Why IT-BHU?
Deepesh: With my rank I wasn’t getting Computers in any of the IITs. So I consulted my teachers and elders and they unanimously suggested IT-BHU and today I am happy with my decision. IT-BHU is no less than any of the premier IITs.

Chronicle: What is your assessment of IT so far?
Deepesh: Here one gets to participate in all sorts of activities like sports, music, literary etc. The type of technical activities and workshops that are conducted groom one into a smart individual, well acquainted with the best of technical knowledge of one’s respective fields. The teachers of IT-BHU are very helpful in all respects. If one has any problem the teachers help him personally.

Chronicle: How do you like Banaras?
Deepesh: Banaras is a kaleidoscope of Indian culture. I am proud to study in such a place.

Chronicle: What are your future plans?
Deepesh: I wish to pursue an MBA from the IIMs.

Chronicle: Tell us something more about yourself.
Deepesh: My achievements till date are only due to hard work and full cooperation of my parents and my brother. Whatever I do, I do with full devotion. I believe you can cheat others but you can’t cheat yourself. For me, there is no shortcut to success, I believe in giving my best and leave the rest to god. I love to make people laugh. Listening to music is my favorite pastime just. I love to play pranks on friends.

We wish Deepesh great success in life and look forward to publishing more of his success stories in the future.

You can get in touch with Deepesh at deepesh [DOT] reja [DOT] cse07 [AT] itbhu [DOT] ac [DOT] in

Freshers’ Nite 2007
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

This is for the second time that freshers of 2007-08 batch of ITBHU gathered in the Swatantra Bhavan but after witnessing orientation program it was there chance to enthrall IT with some stunning performances.

The official Freshers’ Nite 07 was held in Swatantra Bhavan on Saturday, 4 August 07. This is the first time when first yearites stepped on the stage of Swatantra Bhavan. The event was graced by Prof.S. N. Upadhyay, Director, ITBHU; Prof.J.N.Sinha, Dean, BHU; Prof.V.P.Singh, President, IT-Gymkhana and Dr. P.K.Singh, President, IT-Gymkhana cultural wing.

Like previous years, this time also these performances tried to keep ITBHU immersed in music and joy for a whole evening. One could have taste of every type of cultural sweetness here like music, theatre, dance and literary. Each and every performance claimed to be better than others; but one have to mention such blazing musical performances by Abhinav Pandey (1st year Electrical) and Shireesh.

Apart from that, Nandit Pathak (1st year Ceramics) hypnotized the crowd by his all round performances in music, dance and theatre. However these guys were always assisted in their task by a dedicated team of seniors from 3rd year.
There was darker side also; for some 2nd yearites it was an opportunity to take ragging, but due to strict administration this practice could not reach to an extent.

Ceramic Engineering students ruled the stage on freshers’ night. This should be said by keeping the fact in mind that both Mr. and Miss freshers are from that single branch. Mr. Nandit Pathak and Ms. Pankhuri Agarwal (1st year Ceramics) were selected as the best for their exceptional performances.

(Reported by Dishank Gupta 2nd year Biomedical)


IT-BHU blogs on BlogPane
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

There is a novel blog directory called BlogPane which lists all blogs from any college into one group:


The blogs are arranged based on year of pass out of bloggers.

At the initiative of our alumnus Prasoon Agarwal (Mechanical 2004), the BlogPane has added IT-BHU on the BlogPane script. To register your blog on BlogPane, please search for IT-BHU and search for Plugin Script. Copy the Script, and add as an HTML element on your blogspace. In case you are an alumnus of more than one institute listed (IT-BHU + IIM Bangalore, for example), please check both institutes on the search page, and a script for both will be generated.

Prasoon is doctorate student at IIM-Ahmedabad. His blog is listed under IIM-A, Class of 2008 on BlogPane. It is hoped that in due time there will also be a separate group for IT-BHU blogs on BlogPane. For additional details please contact Prasoon Agarwal at the following contact address.

Prasoon Agarwal
Doctoral Student
Indian Institute of Management
Ahmedabad- 380015
Phone(R): +91-79-26327506
prasoon [AT] iimahd [DOT] ernet [DOT] in

Following is the excerpts of the email reply received by Prasoon from the BlogPane owner Ajith Prasad:

IT-BHU BlogPane script is now available from http://blogs. search.php. Your blog has been added under IIMA BlogPane too.

BlogPane is supposed to be a utility using which bloggers can track blogs from their alma-mater from their homepage itself. The purpose of creating IIT / IIM BlogPane pages was to illustrate the multi directory concept. It is not to showcase some of the institutes.

We initially started off with only a page having NITC, IIMA, IIMB BlogPane, but people from other institutes wanted their college panes too to be listed on our home page. This led us to IIT & IIM BlogPane pages. Maybe some time later depending on the popularity of application, we may choose to remove IIT / IIM BlogPane pages and provide individual pages for each college.

So, for the time being, we are not putting IT-BHU BlogPane in our site, though anyone from IT BHU is welcome to add their blogs or generate the widget and use it. If you want to add IT BHU to your page, generate the script by selecting IT-BHU and IIMA again. It'll display the IIMA - IT BHU BlogPane in your

Ajith & Jerome
Team BlogPane
ajithprasadb [AT] yahoo [DOT] com

Technex-08 (November 2007)
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


TECHNEX (TECHnical EXcellence) is a yearly inter-college technical competition dating back from 1939. It consists of various challenging events such as Bytes the Bits, Modex, Papyrus, Panchtantrika, e-motions, Robotrix, X-treme Engineering, Bal Vigyan, Nano mania, etc. There also some relief events such as, Knowsarium, Chillology, Pro-nights.

Last year, there were over 2,500 participants and over Rs. 400, 000 were distributed as cash prizes for various events. The details of last event, which was held in January 2007, can be viewed on our institute’s website:

This year a new event (perhaps first time in the country) called SPACE PRO-AM is planned and a leading personality from the space technology field is expected to grace the moment as a chief guest. The event will be an exclusive five-round competition based on space technology. We are also processing a separate event on air borne design and also have plans to conduct workshops on rocketry. Any updates regarding these will be reported to you as soon as possible.

Technex-08 is planned for Feb 2008. The exact dates shall be announced later.

To view Technex-08 flyer, click here.

Pradyumna Ghosh
Chairman Technex-08

Reader (Thermal Engg.)
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Instituite of Technology,BHU
pghosh [DOT] mec [AT] itbhu [DOT] ac [DOT] in

Appeal for Sponsorship:

With the event getting bigger by bigger each year, it requires funds to execute all the events. We need more companies to sponsor the Technex-08.

We appeal to all our alumni in influential position to help us by sponsoring the event through their companies.

We, at TECHNEX believe in building lasting relationships. Our sponsors are not just sources of funds, but are equal partners, who share our vision and walk in tandem with us to achieve the levels of excellence that have been associated with TECHNEX. Hence we go all out to ensure that our partners get value for their faith and make this relationship symbiotic in the truest sense.

Last year’s sponsors included, IBM, HP, Cognizant, State Bank of India, Indian Oil, etc.

We look forward for your help and cooperation in the matter. Please see the flyer for more details.

For further enquiries please contact:

A. Rakesh Aditya Kandoi
Convenor Marketing head
Technex Technex
Ph: +91 9935614572 Ph: +91 9889522922

Email: itbhu [DOT] technex [AT] gmail [DOT] com

BHU signs MoU with University at Buffalo, New York
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007
The Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Dr. Panjab Singh has signed a 5-year collaboration agreement with Dr. John Simpson, President of the University at Buffalo (UB), in Buffalo, New York. The agreement calls for the exchange of faculty and students, collaborative research, and other cooperative activities between UB and BHU.

A comprehensive public research university, UB is the lead campus of the State University of New York (SUNY), the largest system of public higher education in the U.S, with more than 415,000 students on 64 campuses. The MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) was signed on August 8th at Buffalo, New York. The agreement was the result of over a year of discussions between BHU and the Provost of UB, Dr. Satish K. Tripathi. Dr. Tripathi earned his M.Sc in Statistics (1970) from BHU.

Like UB, BHU is a large comprehensive research university, with more than 20,000 students in 14 faculties and 124 departments. The largest residential university in Asia, BHU has more than 12,000 students living on its campus. Banaras Hindu University is setting up a 3,000 acre Rajiv Gandhi South Campus at Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.

The University at Buffalo is in the process of signing similar agreements with other leading Indian universities and engineering institutions. UB is currently partnering with Amrita University to offer a dual master’s degree program in Management of IT-Enabled Services at the Amrita campus in Bangalore.

With some 1,000 students enrolled, India sends more international students to UB than any other country.

a) The news has appeared in University New Center release:


News from Bizjournals:


UB ties in with India university

Business First of Buffalo - 12:46 PM EDT Tuesday, August 14, 2007

The University at Buffalo has extended its presence in India by launching a comprehensive exchange program with Banaras Hindu University.

A formal signing ceremony establishing the relationship was held Aug. 8 by UB President John Simpson. Banaras Hindu was represented by Panjab Singh, vice chancellor at the university.

UB recently launched a dual master's degree program with Amrita University in Bangalore.

With some 1,000 students enrolled, India sends more international students to UB than any other country.

b) It has also appeared in University New Center release:


Thursday, August 16, 2007

News Release

UB Establishes Exchange Program with Leading Indian University

Release Date 08/14/07

Contact John DellaContrada

dellacon [AT] buffalo [DOT] edu
716-645-5000 ext 1409

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- The University at Buffalo has established a comprehensive exchange program with Banaras Hindu University, one of India's leading comprehensive universities.

UB President John B. Simpson hosted a formal signing ceremony and luncheon on Aug. 8. Signing the new agreement with UB on behalf of Banaras Hindu University was Professor Panjab Singh, vice chancellor (president) of Banaras Hindu University, who was making a two-day visit to UB.

"The UB community is delighted to celebrate the establishment of a formal exchange program with Banaras Hindu University, a partnership that will enhance our university's ongoing internationalization and provide an outstanding partner in a critically important region of India," Simpson said at the signing.

"India's importance on the world stage -- both as an economic and as a strategic power -- is growing very rapidly, and its global influence will only continue to increase in the years ahead," he added.

Simpson noted that UB is increasingly active in India, and recently launched a dual master's degree program with Amrita University in Bangalore. Moreover, India sends more international students to UB than any other country. Some 1,000 Indian nationals currently are enrolled at UB and contribute in many ways to the university.

"I welcome this partnership between our two institutions, as it will be mutually beneficial in terms of joint research, education and other collaborative activities," said Singh. "We look forward to promoting and supporting our exchange program and to receiving visiting faculty and students from UB." Like UB, BHU is a large comprehensive research university, with more than 20,000 students in 14 faculties and 124 departments. The largest residential university in Asia, BHU has more than 12,000 students living on its campus. BHU is located in Varanasi (Banaras), the most revered cultural and religious center in India, a city whose origins date back many thousands of years, a holy pilgrimage site for millions of Hindus and members of other faiths.

It is anticipated that BHU and UB will exchange both faculty and students, and develop joint research activities in a number of fields of mutual interest. UB expects to develop a study abroad program at BHU, which has many outstanding programs and will be particularly attractive to UB students interested in studying Indian languages, history, culture and religion.

"We are delighted to formalize our relationship with Banaras Hindu University, a truly world-class institution," noted Stephen C. Dunnett, UB vice provost for international education. "We look forward to working with Vice Chancellor Singh and his colleagues to develop a range of collaborative activities of mutual benefit to our universities."

During his visit, Singh toured UB's three campuses and met with senior administrators and faculty about potential cooperative activities between UB and BHU in a variety of areas.

In addition, he had the opportunity to meet with a number of BHU alumni who are affiliated with UB, including Satish K. Tripathi, provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, who earned baccalaureate and master's degrees at BHU and who invited Singh to visit UB.

The affiliation with BHU grew out of initial contacts made by Tripathi and Dunnett during their visit to the BHU campus in January 2006. Following this visit, a formal invitation was extended to Singh to visit UB.

The University at Buffalo is a premier research-intensive public university, the largest and most comprehensive campus in the State University of New York. UB's more than 27,000 students pursue their academic interests through more than 300 undergraduate, graduate and professional degree programs. Founded in 1846, the University at Buffalo is a member of the Association of American Universities.

c) Similar news also appeared in University at Buffalo Reporter



Volume 38, Number 48 Thursday, August 16, 2007

UB establishes exchange program with Indian university

Reporter Contributor


President John B. Simpson (left) and Panjab Singh sign the agreement establishing an exchange program between UB and Banaras Hindu University. Also pictured are Joseph J. Hindrawan, assistant vice provost for international education (far left) and John J. Wood, associate vice provost for international education. PHOTO: NANCY J. PARISI

d) A file news about Dr. Satish Tripathi


(News dated April 22, 2004 in University of Buffalo Reporter)

Excerpts from the article:

Satish Tripathi named UB provost

Assistant Vice President

Satish K. Tripathi, dean of the Bourns College of Engineering at the University of California, Riverside, has been named UB provost by President John B. Simpson.

Tripathi, who will take office as UB's chief academic officer on July 1, has been dean of the engineering college and the William R. Johnson, Jr. Family Distinguished Professor of Engineering at UC Riverside since 1997. He also served as acting executive vice chancellor from March 2002 through June 2002. mrtripathi.jpg

Prior to joining UC Riverside, he was a professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Maryland, where his 19 years as a faculty member in the department included being chair from 1988-95.

Tripathi is an internationally accomplished computer scientist who has been involved in substantial funded research. He has published more than 200 scholarly papers, supervised 25 doctoral students and served on program committees of numerous international conferences……………………..

Tripathi is a fellow of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

He was a visiting professor at the University of Paris-Sud in France and the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg in Germany while at the University of Maryland.

A native of India, Tripathi graduated top of his class from Banaras Hindu University in India in 1968. In addition to a doctorate in computer science that he earned from the University of Toronto in 1979, he holds three master's degrees—one in computer science from the University of Toronto (1976) and two in statistics from the University of Alberta (1974) and Banaras Hindu University (1970).

More about University at Buffalo, New York, USA



More about Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India



India to be ready with hydrogen energy for transport sector by 2020
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


Excerpts from the article:

India to be ready with hydrogen energy for transport sector by 2020
Monday July 16 2007 14:38 IST


MUMBAI: India will be ready with hydrogen fuel for its transport sector as a major alternative to fossil fuel by 2020, according to scientists. Hydrogen will be ready in terms of production, storage and supply chain to be used in the transport sector by the end of the next decade, they said.

Various laboratories in the country are developing different technologies of production, storage and transportation and “we are sure that by 2020, India can use hydrogen as an alternative fuel,” Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), director, Dr S Banerjee said.

“It can also be used in fuel cells to generate electricity for stationary, portable and transport applications,” he said.

On long-term supplies, he said nuclear and /or solar based water splitting which is a clean technology are being developed. They are centralised hydrogen production by water splitting process using nuclear heat (thermo-chemical process of high temperature steam eletrolysis) and distributed hydrogen production by water splitting processes using solar energy and BARC is mostly concentrating on the nuclear and to some extent solar route while other institutions are on immediate and mid term supplies.

Institutions like Banaras Hindu University, Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL), Council of scientific and industrial research (CSIR), Department of science and technology (DST) are also doing research in the same field besides BARC.

The other organisations Gas authority of India Ltd (GAIL), Indian oil corporation Ltd (IOC), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE), Murugappa Chettiar research centre, National Thermal power corporation Ltd (NTPC) and Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd (ONGC) are also engaged in the research to run vehicles with hydrogen fuel by 2020. NHERM has identified research, development and demonstration efforts to be undertaken in the country for bridging the technological gaps in different areas of hydrogen energy, including its production, storage, transportation and delivery, applications, safety, codes and standards and capacity building for the period up to 2020, Banerjee said.

“The NHERM has recommended two major initiatives for promoting the use of hydrogen as a fuel for green transportation and green power generation,” Banerjee said.

NHERM had also visualised that by 2020, one million hydrogen fuelled vehicles, mostly two and three wheelers and 1,000 mw aggregate hydrogen based power generation capacity would be established in the country.

BHU bans soft drinks from the campuses at Varanasi and Mirzapur
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

coke.jpg pepsi.jpg

The article:

BHU ban on cola drinks a godsend for fruit-sellers

Varanasi, Aug 7: A blanket ban on the consumption and sale of cold drinks on the sprawling Banaras Hindu University (BHU) campus here has meant a body blow to the business of the two cola giants, but brought smiles back to the faces of fruit-sellers.

Both the cola companies daily sold cold drinks worth Rs 12,000 to 15,000 on the BHU campus.

The blanket ban on the sale and consumption of cola drinks on the BHU campus has meant a significant annual loss to both the cola companies to the tune of anything between Rs 30 to Rs 40 lakh, claimed Rambodh Singh, who is one of the suppliers of cold drinks in canteens and street-side stalls on the varsity campus.

While the BHU ban is bound to mar the bottom line of cola makers, it has served a godsend for fruit-sellers.

''Following the ban on sale of cola drinks, the students have now shifted their preferences towards fresh fruit juices and cold coffee. Besides, the demand for frothing Lassi and even packed milk has jacked up,'' said R D Tyagi, owner of one of the shops offering refreshment to students outside the BHU Vishwanath temple.

''The sale of fresh fruit juice fetches us more profit in comparison to cola drinks. Following the pesticide controversy the consumption of cola drinks had declined drastically on the university campus. The recent blanket ban has boosted our business with more and more students now going for fruit juice subsequently helping us to improve profitability,'' Mr Taygi maintained.

The administration of the Asia's biggest residential varsity has from August one last banned the consumption, sale and availability of junk food, cola and carbonated drinks, besides all types of tobacco products in pursuance of a University Grants Commission (UGC) directive.

''Acting on a UGC directive circular was issued by the BHU registrar Natrajan Sunderam on July 25 last to ban the consumption and sale of cold drinks on both North and South campus of the univertisty at Varanasi and Mirzapur respectively. We are consulting experts at the Law Faculty to cancel the cola selling licenses of shops and canteens selling carbonated drinks on the varsity campus as well as schools and colleges affiliated to BHU,'' Chairman of BHU Press, Publication and Publicity Cell chief Rajesh Singh said here today.

The ban on consumption and sale of junk food, carbonated/cola drinks as well as tobacco products was imposed by BHU in pursuance with a UGC directive prompted by Union Health and Family Welfare ministry observations that growing consumption of such products among young and adolescent population in schools and colleges is contributing to the growth of chronic degenerative non-communicable diseases such as obesity, hypertension, cardio-vascular problems, diabetes, stroke and cancer.

25 years of Compact Disc
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007



Compact discs turn 25


By Toby Sterling
Associated Press

Article Launched: 08/17/2007 01:35:10 AM PDT


Pieter Kramer poses for photographers in Eindhoven, Netherlands on Monday Aug. 13, 2007. Kramer was a leading engineer on the team that developed the CD, which was launched 25 years ago this Friday, in a joint project by Royal Philips Electronics NV and Sony Inc. of Japan. Kramer is holding a show model of the Compact Disc player, which was introduced in August 1982. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)

EINDHOVEN, Netherlands - It was Aug. 17, 1982, and row upon row of palm-sized plates with a rainbow sheen began rolling off an assembly line near Hanover, Germany.

An engineering marvel at the time, today they are instantly recognizable as compact discs, a product that turns 25 years old today - and whose future is increasingly in doubt in an age of iPods and digital downloads.

Those first CDs contained Richard Strauss' Alpine Symphony and would sound equally sharp if played today, said Holland's Royal Philips Electronics, which jointly developed the CD with Sony of Japan.

The recording industry thrived in the 1990s as music fans replaced their aging cassettes and vinyl LPs with compact discs, eventually making CDs the most popular album format.

The CD still accounts for the majority of the music industry's recording revenues, but its sales have been in a free-fall since peaking early this decade, in part because of the rise of online file-sharing, but also as consumers spend more of their leisure dollars on other entertainment purchases, such as DVDs and video games.

As the music labels slash wholesale prices and experiment with extras to revive the now-aging format, it's hard to imagine there was ever a day without CDs.

Philips developed the bulk of the disc and laser technology, while Sony contributed the digital encoding that allowed for smooth, error-free playback.

The CD's design drew inspiration from

vinyl records: Like the grooves on a record, CDs are engraved with a spiral of tiny pits that are scanned by a laser - the equivalent of a record player's needle. The reflected light is encoded into millions of 0s and 1s: a digital file.

Because the pits are covered with plastic and the laser's light doesn't wear them down, the CD never loses sound quality.

Legends abound about how the size of the CD was chosen: Some said it matched a Dutch beer coaster; others believe a famous conductor or Sony executive wanted it just long enough for Beethoven's 9th Symphony.

Pieter Kramer, head of the optical research group at Philips' labs in the Netherlands in the 1970s, said the decision evolved from "long conversations around the table" about which play length made the most sense.

The jump into mass production in Germany was a milestone for the CD, and by 1982, the companies announced their product was ready for market. Both began selling players that fall, though the machines only hit U.S. markets the following spring.

Sony sold the first player in Japan on Oct. 1, 1982, with the CBS label supplying Billy Joel's "52nd Street" as its first album.

The CD was a massive hit. By 1986, CD players were outselling record players, and by 1988, CDs outsold records.

"It was a massive turnaround for the whole market," said Philips' current marketing chief for consumer electronics, Lucas Covers.

Now, the CD may be seeing the end of its days.

CD sales have fallen sharply to 553 million sold in the United States last year, a 22 percent drop from its 2001 peak of 712 million, according to Nielsen SoundScan.

Napster and later Kazaa and BitTorrent allowed music fans to easily share songs over the Internet, often illegally. Then, Apple and other companies began selling legal music downloads, turning the MP3 and other digital audio formats into the medium of choice for many owners of Apple's iPods and other digital players.

"The MP3 and all the little things that the boys and girls have in their pockets . . . can replace it, absolutely," Kramer said.

Effect of Internet on the readership of TV and newspaper readers
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


'Internet can kill off local newspapers'

17 Aug 2007, 0613 hrs IST , AFP

WASHINGTON: News audiences are ditching television and newspapers and using the Internet as their main source of information, in a trend that could eventually see the demise of local papers, according to a new study.

"As online use has increased, the audiences of older media have declined," Harvard University professor Thomas Patterson said in a report on the year-long study issued by Harvard's Shorenstein Centre on the Press, Politics and Public Policy released on Thursday.

"In the past year alone newspaper circulation has fallen by three per cent, broadcast news has lost a million viewers," said the study, entitled "Creative Destruction: An Exploratory Look and News on the Internet."

Meanwhile, the numbers of people using the Internet as a news source have increased exponentially, in some cases.

Traffic to websites that post news produced by a third source, including search engines and service providers, aggregators, such as or, which use software to monitor and post web content; and blogs -- increased across the board between April 2006 and the same month in 2007.

Monthly visitors to, an aggregator which lets users decide on site content, skyrocketed in the 12 months to April 2007, from two million to more than 15 million.

Other online news sources grew more modestly, with user rates growing by 14 per cent for community websites and six per cent for blogs.

The Google, Yahoo, AOL and MSN websites between them have about 100 million monthly visitors, far outpacing user numbers on websites of major television networks, which averaged 7.4 million visitors a month.

Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

(We are starting a new section called “Tech-talk” from this issue. It will contain scientific and technical articles of common interest.)

Metallo-2007 Seminar organized at IIT-Kanpur (7-10 December, 2007)
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007



METALLO-2007 will showcase the latest global trends in metals and alloys research, education and industry.


The conference will felicitate Professor T. R. Anantharaman, whose eightieth birthday is being celebrated in the year 2007.


The information is provided by Convener of the Seminar:
R. Balasubramaniam
Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
Kanpur 208 016, INDIA


eMail bala [AT] iitk [DOT] ac [DOT] in

Lawn Chair Balloonist Flies 193 Miles
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

(This is the story of an American adventurer, who used helium filled balloons to travel 193miles from Oregon to Idaho in the air. The density of air is about 1.29 kg/m3 and that of helium gas is 0.16 kg/ m3. With the density difference, a balloon with 1 m3 of helium gas can lift 1.13 kg of load. Ken Couch used 105 balloons of 4 ft diameter each. With total helium volume of about 100 m3, the balloons could lift 112 kg of load.),000-feet/lawn-chair-balloonist-flies-193-miles-276688.php

Hoonage at 13,000 Feet


Ken Couch is the quintessential American adventurer. Last weekend, he hitched 105 helium balloons to a lawn chair and set out on a nine-hour adventure that took him to a height of 13,000 feet, traveling 193 miles from his home in Bend, Oregon, all the way to the other side of the state.

Loading up his lawn chair with gadgets such as a GPS system, two-way radio, altimeter, wind gauge, camcorder and a cellphone, he set out early Saturday morning. Learning from a six-hour trip in his balloon-equipped lawn chair last September where he ascended to 15,000 feet, on this voyage he was better equipped. He loaded up four 5-gallon containers with water as ballast, and to make the chair rise, he simply opened a spigot. Instead of releasing balloons to descend as he did on his previous trip, which caused a harrowing descent where he ended up using a parachute to save his life, this time he was able to gradually release helium for a gentler landing.

Nine hours later, he safely set down his homemade craft in a farmer's field 193 miles away, after traveling at an average speed of around 21mph. Said Couch to a local newspaper, "When you're a little kid and you're holding a helium balloon, it has to cross your mind... When you're laying in the grass on a summer day, and you see the clouds, you wish you could jump on them. This is as close as you can come to jumping on them. It's just like that."

You're right, Ken. We've always wanted to try this. [KOMO-TV/AP]

Visit his web site for more photos and videos:

Actress becomes world's favourite blogger
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

By Paul Willis
Last Updated: 1:37am BST 24/07/2007

Xu Jinglei’s blog

A beautiful young Chinese actress who jots down her daily musings on television and her pet cats has become the world's most read blogger.
Xu Jinglei’s blog is characterised by its everyday style, with the 33-year-old actress foregoing juicy details of her celebrity lifestyle and instead focusing on her work and day-to-day life. Even so, she has attracted a huge following and has become the first blogger to boast 100 million hits.

Miss Xu, who is also a respected film director, posts entries to her blog at least once a day, treating her readers to accounts of what she has been watching on television and updates on the health of her two cats Weibo and Weiquin (Scarf and Apron). A weekend blog about the American TV show Prison Break attracted nearly 800 comments.

She said she spent around 20 minutes a day on the blog, where she also discusses her latest film projects. Miss Xu won international acclaim when she won the best director award for "Letter From An Unknown Woman" at the 2004 San Sebastian International Film Festival in Spain.

Miss Xu said she had been surprised by the popularity of her blog. “I’ve been often asked to explain why my blog is so popular. And my standard answer is that I rate well all round,” she told the Times.

Miss Xu: cats and TV have made her an internet star

“I am not the most famous actress, not the most popular director, nor the best writer. But if you add all that up, I am fairly good. Also, I started blogging earlier than most celebrities.”

With the internet heavily monitored by the state, China’s estimated 162 internet users - most under 30 - are hungry for entertainment away from official channels. Han Han, a trendy 24-year-old writer taking China’s blogosphere by storm, is also set to break the 100 million mark with his blog, in which he reminisces his school days, describes his troubled home life and his love of fast cars.

An amazing Clock!
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

Check out This Clock

A different way to display time on the green time line.

This is a real cool clock! It comes from a Dutch web site. Here is what you will
see when you look at this clock.

Don't do anything. It's automatically adjusted to your time zone. Just look at it and study it.
It gives you the EXACT TIME of the DAY in seconds, minutes, hours, the day, month and year.

Just read the green line. Everything's there. Study it for a few seconds and it will all clear to you.

Remember these definitions:

1st Line is Seconds

2nd Line is Minutes

3rd line is Hours (military time, subtract 12 hours for our time).

4th Line is Days

5th Line is Months

6th Line is Years

This is the COOLEST clock you may have seen yet!!

Click on the link: <>

If you click on the clock, you will discover other hidden clocks.

Supreme Court rules against OBC quota
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

SC refuses to vacate stay on OBC quota
8 Aug 2007, 1042 hrs IST , PTI

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court's five-judge Constitution Bench on Wednesday refused to lift stay on the implementation of 27 per cent quota for OBCs in elite educational institutions.

"We are not going to pass any interim order," a five-judge Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice K G Balakrishnan said.

The Bench said it will hear the main petition to examine the Constitutional validity of the Centre Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act 2006.

Last week, a three-judge Bench headed by Chief Justice K G Balakrishnan had said that it would be proper to place the Centre's application seeking vacation of stay on OBC quota before the Constitution Bench, which would hear the PILs challenging the validity of laws permitting 27% OBC quota.

The main argument of the Centre in seeking vacation of stay after its first unsuccessful attempt was the apex court's order allowing Tamil Nadu to increase the seats in institutions to accommodate 69% reservation for backward classes. It had said CEIs (Reservation in Admissions) Act, 2006, envisaged the same situation - increase in the number of seats so that seats meant for general category were not reduced.

However, the government did not point out that the apex court allowed the 69% reservation to continue with increase in seats as the Tamil Nadu reservation law had been put in the ninth schedule, barring the apex court from scrutinising the legality of the legislation.

(Chronicle Note: The above information is provided as a published news item. Chronicle has no position about reservation.)

Science & Technology Report
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

In the context of the formulation of the XIth Five Year Plan (2007-2012) for the Science and Technology Sector, government constituted a Steering Committee on Science and Technology under the Chairmanship of Dr. R. Chidambaram, Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to the Government of India.

The goal of the Steering Committee was to evolve a vision and develop an approach for Science and Technology for the XIth Five Year Plan in the light of global developments and our country’s needs.

Science And Technology

To view the complete 217-page report, click the following link on Planning Commission’s website:

NITs are declared as INI
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

According to government press release and announcement in extra-ordinary Gazette, all the 20 existing NITs (National Institutes of Technology) have been declared as INI (Institutes of National Importance) on 15th August 2007. This was done by passing NIT Bill in the parliament and enacting NIT Act.

Govt. has also announced of its plan to set up 20 more NITs.

IIEST Bill may be passed soon
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

There is a news item about Kerala govt. agreeing for upgrading CUSAT to IIEST:

Kerala - Kochi

Decks cleared for upgrading Cusat
G. Krishnakumar

To be converted into Indian Institute of Engineering, Science and Technology

Cusat among five institutions selected

Rs. 518 crore allocated for Cusat

KOCHI: Decks have been cleared for the upgrading of the Cochin University of Science and Technology (Cusat) into an “institute of national importance” with the State Government giving its nod for converting the university into an Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST).

Cusat is one among five universities/university institutions to be made institutes of national importance. The others are Bengal Engineering and Science University; Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University; Andhra University College of Engineering; and Osmania University College of Engineering and University College of Technology.

Education Minister M. A. Baby said here on Thursday that the Government would soon forward a letter to the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development, agreeing to convert Cusat into an IIEST. The Government decision came after the Ministry accepted the demand for reserving 50 per cent of the seats for students from Kerala, the Minister said.

Mr. Baby said the Union Ministry for Human Resource Development would consult the Government while nominating the Director of the Board of Governors to the proposed IIEST. He said the Government had asked the Ministry to protect the interests of faculty members and non-teaching staff while elevating the status of the university.

According to an expert committee appointed by the MHRD, the President will be the visitor of all IIESTs. The five institutions should function as a consortium with an IIEST council, an advisory body for major common policy decisions. The Minister for Human Resource Development will be ex-officio chairman of the council. Each IIEST shall have a Board of Governors chaired by an eminent academic.

The Board of Governors shall be the highest decision-making authority of the institute. The President will appoint its chairman. Each institute will have an executive council and an academic council. The institutes will have an individual statute providing for other institutional authorities, their responsibilities and power.

All IIESTs will preserve its all-India character in student population through national level admission tests either by adopting the Joint Entrance Examination system or the All-India Engineering Entrance Examination. The expert committee has given a budgetary recommendation for Rs.2,407.86 crore for the five institutions identified for upgrade during 2007-2012. The allocation for Cusat is Rs. 518.81 crore under the Eleventh Five Year plan.

There is also news about IIEST in The Statesman:


JU pushes Centre for new status


“The MHRD will shortly introduce the legislation for upgrading the five institutes. We have raised the issue of the other two institutions left out on account of structural problems even though the list was prepared in terms of excellence. These two institutes should be upgraded under a different model and granted some other status,” said Prof. Partha Pratim Biswas, a member of JU executive council.

Similar news also appeared in The Telegraph:

According to above news,

  1. The proposed Bill for transformation of colleges to IIESTs is under preparation at the MHRD, Government of India. It is expected to be finalized in the course of next 2-3 months. The Bill is expected to be introduced in the Winter Session of the Parliament (Nov 22 to Dec 19). This news was received by chronicle from the informed sources.

  2. The S. K. Joshi Committee selected seven colleges (including IT-BHU) for upgrading to IIT level. Later on, The Anandakrishnan Committee selected five colleges for IIEST upgrade and to grant them INI (Institutes of National Importance) status.

  3. Now the remaining two colleges (Engineering colleges of Aligarh Muslim University and Jadavpur University) shall be granted a new status called Institutes of National Eminence. This status will make these colleges to receive central govt. funding provided they meet the criteria for admission and governance as laid down by the HRD Ministry.

Article in Asia Miner magazine by the faculty members of Mining Engineering Department
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


TECHNICAL PAPER - Roof support design of an underground coal mine – A case study

Ashok Jaiswal, S.K. Sharma and B. K. Shrivastva

Department of Mining engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, India

This paper deals with roof-bolt support pattern design. It contains both the conventional approach, based on RMR, and numerical approach, based on three-dimensional finite-element-method for support design. Varying parameters which are likely to influence the roof stability such as gallery width, thickness of the coal in the roof and bolt pattern were considered in the modelling of this system. Horizontal induced tensile stress was considered within this analysis. The results of the existing case were taken as a foundation to work from and compared with other models.


Govt. plans for more institutes for higher education
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


Move for 8 more IITs, 7 IIMs
2 Aug 2007, 0324 hrs IST , Akshaya Mukul , TNNTimes of India – India

NEW DELHI: In a major rollout for high and technical education, Planning Commission has proposed a seven-year special plan (2007-14) which includes setting up eight new IITs, seven new IIMs, 20 NITs, 20 IIITs and 50 centres for training and research in frontier areas.

Of the IITs, three have already been cleared and one IIM at Shillong has received the green signal. The seven-year special plan for higher and technical education would start in the 11th Plan and spill over to the next without being diluted. The plan panel has proposed a funding of Rs 1.31 lakh crore for the seven year plan.

The full Planning Commission will discuss the proposal threadbare when it meets on August 6 to deliberate exclusively on the impetus that should be delivered to education for the 11th Plan.

The special plan envisages setting up of 30 central universities. One central university will be located in each of the 16 uncovered states while 14 new ones of world class will come up in states which provide land free of cost in attractive locations.

These universities will have various schools including medical and engineering institutions. Also, 370 new degree colleges in districts with low gross enrolment ratio would be established and 6,000 colleges would be strengthened.

In the field of technical education, the seven-year plan talks of expansion and upgradation of 200 technical institutions in various states. There is also a plan to upgrade seven technical universities which include Bengal Engineering College, Howrah, Cochin University of Science & Technology, Andhra University Engineering College, Vishakapatnam, University Engineering College, Osmania University, Jadavpur University, Institute of Technology BHU and Zakir Husain College of Engineering & Technology, AMU.

Apart from eight IITs and seven IIMs, there is a plan to have five Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, two Schools of Planning and Architecture, 20 National Institutes of Technology, 20 Indian Institutes of Information Technology and 50 centres of training and research in frontier areas.

The central assistance under the special plan has a very strong reform component and looks up to states to agree for a minimum set of reforms to restructure higher education system covering admission, revision in curricula, collaboration with foreign universities and networking.

akshaya [DOT] mukul [AT] timesgroup [DOT] com

Prime Minister’s Independence day Speech
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007


Website of Prime Minister’s Office (PMO)

PM’ Independence Day Speech

PM’ Speech, 2007

Excerpts from PM’s Speech about education:

As our primary education programmes achieve a degree of success, there is growing demand for secondary schools and colleges. We are committed to universalizing secondary education. An extensive programme for this is being finalized.

We will also ensure that adequate numbers of colleges are set up across the country, especially in districts where enrolment levels are low. We will help States set up colleges in 370 such districts.

The University system, which has been relatively neglected in recent years, is now the focus of our reform and development agenda. We will set up thirty new Central Universities. Every state that does not have a central university will now have one.

In order to promote science and professional education, we are setting up five new Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, eight new Indian Institutes of Technology, seven new Indian Institutes of Management, and twenty new Indian Institutes of Information Technology. These will generate new educational opportunities for our youth. I am sure that, working together, we can ensure that at least a fifth of our children go to college as compared to one-tenth now.

The vast majority of our youth seek skilled employment after schooling. Last year I spoke the need for a Vocational Education Mission. Such a Mission is ready to be launched. We will soon launch a Mission on Vocational Education and Skill Development, through which we will open 1600 new industrial training institutes (ITIs) and polytechnics, 10,000 new vocational schools and 50,000 new Skill Development Centres. We will ensure that annually, over 100 lakh students get vocational training – which is a four-fold increase from today’s level. We will seek the active help of the private sector in this initiative so that they not only assist in the training but also lend a hand in providing employment opportunities.

Video of PM’s Speech

Officially titled as “Independence Day Flag Hosting Ceremony and Prime Minister’s Address to the Nation”.


Time saving tips:

The video is 80 minutes long containing 40 minutes of PM’s Speech. First 25 minutes is introduction, after which PM enters the Red Fort arena. His speech starts at 37 min and announcement of educational institutes is at 57 min. The picture is fuzzy.

A guide and tourist info about Varanasi
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007



Excerpts from the article:

Varanasi: India’s ultimate pilgrimage spot
Monday, 08.13.2007, 01:11am (GMT-7)

The land of Varanasi (Kashi) has been a vital sacred city for Hindus for ages. Often referred to as Benares, Varanasi is the oldest living city in the world. These few lines by Mark Twain say it all: "Benaras is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together". Hindus believe that one who is graced to die on the land of Varanasi would attain salvation and freedom from the cycle of birth and re-birth. Abode of Lord Shiva and Parvati, the origins of Varanasi are yet unknown. Ganges in Varanasi is believed to have the power to wash away the sins of mortals.

Ganges is said to have its origins in the tresses of Lord Shiva and in Varanasi, it expands to the mighty river that we know of. The city is a center of learning and civilization for over 3000 years. Also a pilgrimage place for Jains, Varanasi is believed to be the birthplace of Parsvanath, the twenty-third Tirthankar. Vaishnavism and Shaivism have co-existed in Varanasi harmoniously. With a number of temples, Mrs. Annie Besant chose Varanasi as the home for her 'Theosophical Society' and Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, to institute 'Benares Hindu University, the biggest University in Asia. Varanasi has also been a great center of learning for ages. Varanasi is associated with promotion of spiritualism, mysticism, Sanskrit, yoga and Hindi language and honored authors such as the ever-famous novelist Prem Chand and Tulsi Das, the famous saint-poet who wrote Ram Charit Manas.

Shubham Basu (Ceramics 2002) plans Mountaineering Club at campus
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

Shubham Basu loves outdoor activities. We reviewed his yet-to-be published book “Glian, the Son of Nature”, last month in chronicle. He is interested in starting an outdoor adventure/mountaineering Club at our campus and requests students to come forward and lay the grounds to such a club. He has also started managing various outdoor activity clubs. Here is his appeal to students to join Mountaineering/ Outdoor sports club. Please contact him directly at his email address:

“I have been thinking of guiding ITBHU students towards establishment of a Mountaineering/ Outdoor sports club. Since I am an outdoor guy myself and take heavily to mountain biking and outdoor sports and mountaineering, I would really like to share all I know with ITBHU.

I started working with the company called the 'Great Indian Outdoors' since the last one month. We are going to organize a big time race sometime soon, and nevertheless, HASTPA ( is organizing it in October. They work a lot on our guidelines, and soon the races will spread all over Himalayas. We are a big fish in the market and I for myself would love to see such a club established at BHU. I would want to see students from ITBHU participate in such races and increase their reach in outdoor sports.

IIT-D and IIT-K are big time in mountain biking and IIT-K has almost 40 good mountain bikes of its own. They also have a very active mountaineering club. I can help the students establish a league of their own. I will want to visit the campus soon if I find a few guys taking good interest.

Shubham Basu
GIO Adventures
Email: basushubham [AT] gmail [DOT] com

Indians predated Newton 'discovery' by 250 years
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

(University of Manchester is a highly reputed university. Before the rise of USA after 2nd world war and MIT came into the fame, U of Manchester was considered as the best R & D University in the world. That prompted our govt. to collaborate with it to set up first IIT at IIT Kharagpur in 1952.

The research article states that Newton borrowed the idea of calculus from travelling Jesuit missionaries, who brought it from Kerala.)




Sir Isaac Newton

Indians predated Newton 'discovery' by 250 years

13 Aug 2007

A little known school of scholars in southwest India discovered one of the founding principles of modern mathematics hundreds of years before Newton according to new research.

Dr George Gheverghese Joseph from The University of Manchester says the 'Kerala School' identified the 'infinite series'- one of the basic components of calculus - in about 1350.

The discovery is currently - and wrongly - attributed in books to Sir Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibnitz at the end of the seventeenth centuries.

The team from the Universities of Manchester and Exeter reveal the Kerala School also discovered what amounted to the Pi series and used it to calculate Pi correct to 9, 10 and later 17 decimal places.

And there is strong circumstantial evidence that the Indians passed on their discoveries to mathematically knowledgeable Jesuit missionaries who visited India during the fifteenth century.

That knowledge, they argue, may have eventually been passed on to Newton himself.

Dr Joseph made the revelations while trawling through obscure Indian papers for a yet to be published third edition of his best selling book 'The Crest of the Peacock: the Non-European Roots of Mathematics' by Princeton University Press.

He said: "The beginnings of modern maths is usually seen as a European achievement but the discoveries in medieval India between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries have been ignored or forgotten.

"The brilliance of Newton's work at the end of the seventeenth century stands undiminished - especially when it came to the algorithms of calculus.

"But other names from the Kerala School, notably Madhava and Nilakantha, should stand shoulder to shoulder with him as they discovered the other great component of calculus- infinite series.

"There were many reasons why the contribution of the Kerala school has not been acknowledged - a prime reason is neglect of scientific ideas emanating from the Non-European world - a legacy of European colonialism and beyond.

"But there is also little knowledge of the medieval form of the local language of Kerala, Malayalam, in which some of most seminal texts, such as the Yuktibhasa, from much of the documentation of this remarkable mathematics is written."

He added: "For some unfathomable reasons, the standard of evidence required to claim transmission of knowledge from East to West is greater than the standard of evidence required to knowledge from West to East.

"Certainly it's hard to imagine that the West would abandon a 500-year-old tradition of importing knowledge and books from India and the Islamic world.

"But we've found evidence which goes far beyond that: for example, there was plenty of opportunity to collect the information as European Jesuits were present in the area at that time.

"They were learned with a strong background in maths and were well versed in the local languages.

"And there was strong motivation: Pope Gregory XIII set up a committee to look into modernising the Julian calendar.

"On the committee was the German Jesuit astronomer/mathematician Clavius who repeatedly requested information on how people constructed calendars in other parts of the world. The Kerala School was undoubtedly a leading light in this area.

"Similarly there was a rising need for better navigational methods including keeping accurate time on voyages of exploration and large prizes were offered to mathematicians who specialised in astronomy.

"Again, there were many such requests for information across the world from leading Jesuit researchers in Europe. Kerala mathematicians were hugely skilled in this area."


The research was carried out by Dr George Gheverghese Joseph, Honorary Reader, School of Education at The University of Manchester and Dennis Almeida, Teaching Fellow at the School of Education, The University of Exeter.

Critical Thinking and Education
Chronicle Editor @ Aug 20, 2007

By Bhamy V. Shenoy



Critical Thinking and Education
3 Aug 07 13:20:43 PM - 17 Views | comments rss:

Tags: Critical Thinking how to empower youth to read and judge value of what they read empowering students to thinks and innovate enabling students to participate in social and cultural developments True Education

Wednesday, August 1, 2007
Critical thinking and education
By Bhamy V Shenoy

Excerpts from the article:

After 45 years, I was returning to my native place Bantwal (near Mangalore) for a longer stay of two months. Ever since I left it for my studies at IIT and then abroad, I have visited it very frequently but only for one or two days. This is a typical rural town surrounded by small villages dependent upon farming and beedi rolling.

In this town there is a five year degree college with 1000 students. Most of them are first generation literates. A large percentage (99 per cent) is not accustomed to read books other than text books despite the college having a good selection of books. These students for several reasons are also not accustomed or allowed to ask questions as in many other colleges.

Because of the well critiqued education system of ours, they are also not encouraged to think and develop their own solutions to any problems. To make some changes in this kind of rigid and learning-unfriendly environment, I experimented with seminar series called “True education” during my stay. It was a great success.

An experiment
I had 19 sessions with a small group of 20 students. We limited the participation so that every one can be given personal attention. They regularly attended these sessions over a period of seven weeks. None of the topics will help the students to score more marks. There was no compulsion to attend.

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