From the editor's desk
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

This issue includes the sad news about demise of Dr. Yogesh Mohan, Reader in Pharmaceutics dept. We are also sad to hear the death of our alumnus Yeshvir Singh (Mining 1967).

The issue contains the interview with Mr. Iqbal Ahmed, a self-made, world renowned model engineer, who was our guest of honour at Technex Festival. We have also included Technex Souvenir and a published report about 59th IPC Congress held in Dec 2007 at our Pharmaceutics dept. We have also published a number of articles from our students’ community.

The issue also includes a press release on the 90th Convocation of our university. Our Prime Minister, Dr. Man Mohan Singh graced the occasion as the chief guest. The news items in this issue include the call by Dr. APJ Kalam, our former President to develop “BHU as a brand”. As usual, most of the hard-to-find news are gathered by Rajat Harlalka (Electrical 2005), a member of our team.

We are pleased to state that Praharsh Sharma (2nd year Electronics) has joined our chronicle team.

We need more news. Please send us news, events, articles, information, etc, at: chronicle[AT] Please indicate your branch/year and college (if other than IT-BHU).

For specific information, contact Yogesh Upadhyaya at: Yogesh.Upadhyaya [AT]  or Anshuman Singh at: anshuman.singh [AT]

Thanking you, 
The Chronicle Team

Sad demise of Dr. Yogesh Mohan, Reader in Pharmaceutics department
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

We are sad to inform you that Dr. Yogesh Mohan, Reader in Department of Pharmaceutics, IT-BHU, passed away on Jan 16, 2008 due to massive myocardial infarction (heart attack). 

Dr. Yogesh Mohan was 52 years old. He joined our institute two years ago. He is leaving behind his wife and two sons. 

The chronicle team shares the grief with entire IT-BHU community in this moment. May his soul rest in peace.  


(Dr. Yogesh Mohan)

Appeal for help by Prof. R. S. Srivastava
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

(Chronicle note: Below please find the message and appeal for help received from Prof. Radhey Shyam Srivastava, Professor and Head, Pharmaceutics dept. Dr. Yogesh Mohan’s family is need of financial help, as the sons are not settled in life yet.

Readers may contact Prof. R. S. Srivastava in India at:

Or Chandrakant Trivedi (B. Pharm 1975) in USA at: )


Banaras Hindu University 
Department of Pharmaceutics, 
Institute of Technology                 Date: 26.02.08

Dear All, 
With great pain and grief I have to inform you the great tragic incident happened in the dept. One of our esteem colleagues, Dr. Yogesh Mohan, reader in the Department passed away on 16th Jan 2008 due to massive myocardial infarction.  Dr. Mohan was very actively engaged towards the grand success of mega event, 59th IPC Varanasi 2007, ever witnessed in Banaras Hindu University. 
He was very active since the beginning of IPC preparations and shouldered the major responsibilities of various committees in the IPC, including Transport Accommodation etc. 
His untimely demise is great shock and loss to our department as well as his family. He left his wife and two sons who are yet to be established in the life. 
Although this irreparable loss cannot be compensated; but we are making effort to raise some funds for the liabilities to be fulfilled by him towards his family. 
In this context, we, the faculty of Dept. of pharmaceutics, I. T. Banaras Hindu University would 
highly appreciate the monitory contribution towards the better support of family as taken of love and respect to our beloved late Dr. Yogesh Mohan. 
Thanking you, 
Prof. R. S. Srivastava. 
Prof. R. S. Srivastava 
Department of Pharmaceutics, 
Institute of Technology, 
Banaras Hindu University, 


Tribute to Dr. Yogesh Mohan by Anand Srivastava, Reader in Pharmaceutics dept
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

Dr. Yogesh Mohan graduated from the Pioneer Pharmacy Dept. (IT-BHU) of the country in 1975.He did his post graduation & Ph D from the same Dept. After serving his Alma mater as faculty in the dept. for 4-5 years, he joined the industry Zhandu Pharmaceuticals as General Manager. There he spent about 20 years. His dedication & skill gave the industry a big name. Dr. Mohan was very popular amongst the workers & administration due to his undaunted working. After this he, once again, joined the Dept. as Reader in 2005.


 Dr. Yogesh Mohan was one of the instrumental towards the biggest ever mega event in the history of Indian Pharmacy Education in India..He did commendable job in shouldering the tough responsibilities of Accommodation & Transportation of the large number of delegates in 59th IPC Varanasi 2007.  In spite of his critical health condition, he was always ready to tackle any problem related to IPC.


But we never knew & could not guess the destiny ahead. Dr. Mohan left us forever after the grand success of IPC. He met a massive heart attack on the fateful night of 15th Jan, and now there are memories only with us. He has left after him wife & two sons. We all pray almighty to give courage to his family to bear this greatest loss.


We all salute the indulgement & spirit of our beloved Yogesh.


Anand Srivastava

Reader in Pharmaceutics dept.

IT-BHU, Varanasi

Email: anandit55[AT] website partners with
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

We are pleased to announce about our partnership with a company providing long distance telephony service. The company, has posted their paid advertisement on our website The ad, which is posted on the front page of our website, will help us offset some cost of running the website and our organization. We appreciate the consideration and the help provided by the company. is a low-cost global long distance and international phone service provider based in Woodbridge, New Jersey, which provides smart alternatives for land-line and mobile users to place domestic and international calls. It was founded in 2002 by three Indian entrepreneurs, including ITBHU alumnus Manu Goyal (Mechanical 1993). In February 2008, became the first alumnus-run company to provide ad support to’. More info about our policy for display ad can be found at:

To place an ad, contact

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Sad demise of our alumnus Yeshvir Singh (Mining 1967)
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008


With deep sorrow, we inform you that Mr. Yeshvir Singh (Mining 1967) is no more with us. He breathed his last in the morning (at 8.30 am) of March 6, 2008 at his residence at Nagpur, in presence of his wife and son. He was 64.

He retired as CGM from Western Coal Fields Ltd (WCL) in July 2004 after serving the company for 34 years. Since July 2005 he was associated as consultant with Sunflag Steel at Nagpur. He is survived by his wife, two daughters- Sapna & Anjali (wife of Ramendra) and son, Ankur. Let us all pray for the peace of the departed soul and strength for the family.

The above message was forwarded by our alumnus Mr. Ramendra Singh (Mechanical 1996), who is a Doctoral Student at IIM-Ahmedabad, and son-in-law of late Mr. Yeshvir Singh. Your condolence messages can be sent to his daughter-Sapna. Her email is:

Convocation for the Class of 2007 at IT-BHU
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

The 90th Convocation of the Banaras Hindu University for those who qualified for the degree in the Examination of 2007 is being organized in B.H.U. campus on 15th March, 2008 forenoon. The Faculty of Engineering & Technology held a function on 14th March, 2008 at 11.00 a.m. in the Prof. M. Sen Gupta Hall (G-11), Institute of Technology, BHU.

Government funding for TBI at IT-BHU
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

We have covered the news about IT-BHU setting up TBI (Technology Business Incubator) in our January 2008 issue. We have received the following information from Dr. P. K. Mishra about TBI:

“There is good news. We have received approval letter from DST (Department of Science & Technology) regarding TBI. Pleasant surprise is that we had asked for two thrust areas e.g. ICT (Information and Communication Technology) & BT (Bio-Technology); but they have given us Food Sector & Agricultural & Allied sector in addition to ICT & BT.
Budget will increase accordingly. Initially we will be getting support for nonrecurring expenditures for all five years and recurring grant for each year will be coming in time. The total support for this period will be around Rs 8-9 crores. As DST is not providing building grant, we have to explore contribution from University and Alumni, if we are interested to develop a separate centre for Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Technology Incubation.”
Dr P K Mishra is Reader is Chemical Engineering Dept. and also in-charge of IIPC (Industry-Institute Partnership Cell). He can be reached at:

Mukul Shirvaikar (Electrical 1986) Chair of Electrical Engineering at University of Texas at Tyler
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008


mukul.jpgShirvaikar Appointed Chair of Electrical Engineering

Dr. Mukul Shirvaikar has been appointed chair of the Department of Electrical Engineering. He has served in the Electrical Engineering Department since 2003 and manages active research programs in real time image processing and engineering education that employ several graduate and undergraduate students, including the “Back-To-Basics Tutoring” program. Mukul has published over 15 refereed papers and was awarded 23 grants totaling over $500,000. He serves as an Associate Editor of the international Journal of Real Time Image Processing and is a member of the Technical Committee for the SPIE International Conference on Real Time Image Processing. He was nominated in 2006 and 2007 for the Minnie Piper Award for overall excellence in teaching and scholarly achievement.
Dr. Shirvaikar came to UT-Tyler with significant industrial experience. At Texas Instruments he was part of an internal startup group chartered to develop new businesses based on digital signal processors. Prior to this he worked at Pressco Technology, developing ultra-high-speed inspection systems for food and beverage containers operating at speeds of 3600 parts per minute. These products are currently in operation throughout the world.
He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Tennessee and has a M.S. degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the University of Maine. He earned a B.Tech. in Electrical Engineering from Banaras Hindu University, India.
Home page;

Ajit Singh (Electrical 1985) at TiE-DC event
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

ajit banner.jpg

Ajit Singh, PhD, is President, Siemens Oncology Care Systems Group. He gave a speech on March 4, 2008 to Tie-DC members on "Disruptive Technologies in Health Care".

TiE stands for "The Innovative Ecosystem" and is a not-for-profit global network of entrepreneurs and professionals. The Washington DC chapter is known as TiE-DC.
ajit.jpgAbout the Speaker
Ajit Singh, Ph.D.
President, Siemens Oncology Care Systems Group
Ajit Singh, Ph.D., is president of the Oncology Care Systems Group of Siemens Medical Solutions. Assuming the position in August 2001, he launched a turn-around initiative to refocus the division into a solutions-oriented and more profitable business. The resulting process-driven structure is the worldwide headquarters for strategy and systems development encompassing the necessary functions of manufacturing, sales, marketing and service.

Previous to this position, Dr. Singh was group vice-president of the Siemens Business division. In this role he was responsible for establishing Siemens Internet infrastructure, and for pursuing new e-business opportunities worldwide. From 1998 to 2000, Dr. Singh served as vice president of the Siemens Health Services division, where he led the company’s consulting and picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) businesses.

Prior to these executive posts, he held several positions with increasing responsibility in the Health Information Systems unit within the Siemens Health Services division. Before joining Siemens Medical Solutions in 1996, Dr. Singh was a project manager with Siemens Corporate Research, where he managed strategic healthcare technology planning and various research and development activities. Dr. Singh also served on the Faculty at Columbia University and Princeton University.

Dr. Singh is a popular speaker in the oncology community, and is recognized as a subject matter expert in both the future of radiation oncology and the role of IT in today’s managed health care environment. Most recently, he has been the keynote speaker for Healthcare Across Borders, a consortium of the international healthcare industry, which facilitates the international provision of premium medical services and information.

In addition he has spoken frequently at numerous industry events including the Imaging Economics Education Symposia and at the conferences held by the Radiology Society of North America (RSNA), National Managed Healthcare Congress (NMHCC), SPIE and Diagnostic Imaging.

Dr. Singh holds several patents in the field of image analysis and medical imaging, has published numerous refereed papers, and authored two IEEE Computer Society Press books – Image Flow Estimation: A Unified Perspective and Deformable Models in Medical Imaging. In 2003 he was awarded a “40 under 40” Award from the East Bay Business Times. This award recognizes 40 of the most distinguished and innovative business leaders under the age of 40 in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Dr. Singh holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Columbia University, a master’s degree in Computer Engineering from Syracuse University, and a bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering from Banaras Hindu University, India.

Akhlesh Lakhtakia (Electronics 1979) delivers a lecture on nanoengineered metamaterials
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

mrLakhtakia.jpgFRIDAY, JANUARY 11, 2008, 11 a.m., TI Auditorium (Directions)
The Charles G. Binder (Endowed) Professor
Dept. of Engineering Science and Mechanics
Pennsylvania State University
 Sculptured thin films exemplify nanoengineered metamaterials
ABSTRACT: Sculptured thin films are multifunctional materials capable of exhibiting responses that arise solely due to their morphology. Although these materials were conceptualized and investigated several years before both the terms nanotechnology and metamaterial became commonplace in everyday technoscientific parlance, I will show in the talk that sculptured thin films exemplify nanoengineered metamaterials very well.
BIO: Akhlesh Lakhtakia obtained B.Tech. and D.Sc. degrees in Electronics Engineering from the Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India in 1979 and 2006; and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Utah, Salt Lake City in 1981 and 1983. Thereafter, he joined the faculty of the Pennsylvania State University. He has published many journal articles and chapters in research books and encyclopedias; has edited, co-edited, authored or co-authored 12 books and 7 conference proceedings; has reviewed for 99 journals; serves on the editorial boards of four electromagnetics journals; and is the first Editor-in-Chief of the online Journal of Nanophotonics published by SPIE from 2007. He served as an international lecturer for the International Commission for Optics and the Optical Society of America; held Visiting Professorships of Physics at Universidad de Buenos Aires, University of Otago, and Imperial College; was a Visiting Fellow in Mathematics at the University of Glasgow; headed the IEEE EMC Technical Committee on Nonsinusoidal Fields from 1992 to 1994; and is a Fellow of OSA, SPIE, and the Institute of Physics (UK). At Penn State, he was awarded the PSES Outstanding Research Award in 1996 and the PSES Outstanding Advising Award in 2005. He received the Faculty Scholar Medal in Engineering in 2005 at Penn State and a Nano 50 Award for innovation in 2006, and was honored as a University Distinguished Alumnus in 2007 by the University of Utah. His current research interests lie in the electromagnetics of complex materials, sculptured thin films (which won a Nano 50 Award in 2005), negative refraction, and social implications of nanotechnology.
Home page:


Akshay Rathore (M. Tech Electrical 2003) in "Who's Who in the World" list
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008





ECE Grad-student gets listed in additional Marquis' Who's Who publications

Akshay Rathore, a Graduate Student in the Department, has been selected to be listed in Marquis' 25th silver anniversary edition of Who's Who in the World and the 2008 edition of Who's Who in America. Rathore was also listed in the 2006 edition of Marquis' Who's Who in Science and Engineering and is included in these print directories on the basis of the reference values of his achievements and research contributions.
Akshay K Rathore is pursuing PhD in Department of ECE in area of Power Electronics with fuel-cell applications under the supervision of Dr. A.K.S. Bhat. He did his Masters from Banaras Hindu University (IT-BHU), a prestigious university in India and was awarded Gold Medal. He published several papers in IEEE International Conferences in area of Electric Motor Drives and was awarded twice, the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society student travel grant for conference ICIT 2003, Slovenia and ISIE 2004, France. He is also a reviewer for PESC, APEC, IEMDC and ISIE Intenational Conferences. At present, he is pursuing research in area of utility interactive inverter for fuel-cell applications.

Home page:

Profile of Mr. G V Rao (Mechanical/Electrical, 1940's), former Indian Ambassador to UNESCO
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

(Chronicle note: This article was originally published in March 2006 issue of Manglorean Magazine and republished in March 2008 issue. Mr. G V Rao currently lives in Mangalore. He is one of our most illustrative alumni, having been an Indian Ambassador to UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) in the past. Now 88 years old, he graduated in Mechanical & Electrical Engineering from IT-BHU in early 1940’s.)






 Mr. G.V. Rao  [ Mangalorean Star: March, 2006 ]

Mr. G.V. Rao Gollerkery Vishwanath Rao, is kind, humble, very helpful and down to earth person.  He is the third person in the history of India to receive Mahatma Gandhi International Peace Prize Gold Medal.  He considers winning this Peace award, the highest point in his career and life for that matter.   
Mr. Rao was born to Late Sri G. Krishna Rao, who was a lawyer by profession and Late Smt. Girija Bai on November 11, 1919, in Kadri, Mangalore.  Mr. Rao spent his first 18 years in Mangalore and always considered Mangalore as his home town.  He moved to Paris in 1948, upon recommendation of Sarvepalli Radhakrishanan who was Indian Ambassador to UNESCO at that time.


Early part of his education was at Ganpathi High School and Govt. College, Mangalore. Later, he completed B.Sc in Mechanical and Electrical Engineering from Banaras Hindu University.  He applied for Indian Railway Engineering Services however, Mr. Rao says, it is destiny that he was not accepted and God had other plans for him. He went to Ipswich, UK on Govt. of India scholarship. He was told his training was far superior and was sent to University of Berkely, California, USA. He studied present day equivalent of MBA for three years.

Mr Rao met Dr. S. Radhakrishnan in San Francisco who was extremely happy to meet and hear about Mr. Rao and suggested he go to UNESCO in Paris.  He went to Paris under the scheme of Young Professional Programme and eventually became Assistant Director General of UNESCO.  Once he retired he was requested to take charge of  Mason de Linde in Paris where most of the graduate and postgraduate students from India resided and was Director of the same for 18 yrs.  At the same time he continued to function as Special Advisor to Director General of UNESCO, which he does even today. During his tenure as Assistant Director General, he used to travel to UNO Headquarters, New York three times a year and has given several speeches there.

He firmly believes Dr. S. Radhakrishnan who was Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University, when Mr. Rao was studying there as his sole motivator.

Mr. Rao is married to Mrs.Uma Rao. Together they have a son Jayanth - works at UNESCO at present and daughter - Jyotika is a Professor of Dance and Music and both are married and live in Paris, France

Awards and honors:

  • Winner of Gold Medal as best outgoing student in Engineering, Banaras Hindu University.
  • Winner of  Gold Medal three consecutive years for elocution, prompting Vice Chancellor Dr. S. Radhakrishanan to say "aren't you going to give a chance to others to win"
  • Gold Medal for promoting peace over a period of 50 yrs awarded in Chanakya Puri, New Delhi.
  • Awarded Mahatma Gandhi International Peace Prize Gold Medal. First winner of this award was Mr. P. V. Narasimha Rao, former Prime Minister of India, second Mother Theresa and Third  Mr. G. Vishwanath Rao.
  • Dr. T. M. A. Pai Gold Medal for his contribution to Konkani Community in 1995.

He has established a scholarship for meritorious students at Ganapthi High School in Mangalore.  His contributions mainly are towards peace in general and education of Konkani children and social awareness specifically.

Though at the age of 86, he says, as long as he is alive, he will continue to help Konkani community and education. To this date whenever he is in India, that is every year, he makes it a point to visit Mangalore. As long as UNESCO wishes, he will continue to advise them.

I met him through mutual friend in New York in 1988 during one of his trips to the United Nations. Even when I met him recently after 18 years, I still find him full of energy and very sharp and was delighted to see me again. He was only glad to hear about and exclaimed "what a wonderful idea to bring Mangaloreans together".

What impressed me the most about him is, even though he has won so many awards and reached very high position in UNESCO, he is still very humble and kind.

Mr. Rao's message to our readers:

Whatever work you are doing, do it with intensity and total loyalty.  I believe in luck and destinies, when an opportunity knocks take it and do your duty honestly salutes Mr. Rao and wishes him all the best in his life.

Obituary of Amal Chandra Baruah (IT-BHU, 1950's)
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

Amal Ch Baruah

GUWAHATI, Feb 6 – Amal Chandra Baruah, resident of Rajgarh Road, Chandmari, Guwahati, expired at Downtown Hospital following a brief illness on February 5. He was 75. Born to renowned family of Deshapran Lakshmidhar Sharma, he was the third son of freedom fighter Late Girish Chandra Sarma Baruah and Late Purneswari Devi of Bhir Gaon, Biswanath Chariali. He graduated in engineering from Institute of Technology of Banaras Hindu University after studying at Chariali High School and Cotton College. He served as the 1st chief engineer of GMDA, additional chief engineer of PWD, Assam he was also IIM, Bangalore trained management expert and consultant and Course Director of AASC, Guwahati. He left behind his wife Dr Reeta Baruah, son Dr Ayushman Baruah and two daughters – Atreyee Goswami and Archita Bhattacharyya – in addition to a host of family members.

Meeting of Institution of Engineers (India) on campus
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

The Institution of Engineers (India),

Varanasi Local Centre

I.T. - B.H.U., Students’ Chapter 



The Institution of Engineers (India), IT-BHU, Students Chapter, has by far continued to conduct Quiz Competitions, Classes on technical issues and Paper presentation sessions as its endeavors for the benefit of IEI members of Varanasi Students’ Chapter. We are pleased to state that this year also, IEI successfully conducted a quiz competition, a class on electronic components and circuits and a paper presentation session as its events during the session 2007-2008. With the consent and direction of our Student Advisor Dr. R.K. Mishra, a quiz competition was organized on 29 January 2008, a class on 30 January 2008 and a paper presentation session on 31 January 2008. 


The Quiz Competition was held for all IT Students and IEI members on 29 January. 2008. A wide publicity was done through departmental notices and hostel posters. Vaibhav Srivastava (B. Tech. Part III-Electronics) gratefully agreed to be the quizmaster for the event and his talent and knowledge beautifully helped the organizers. The quizmaster decided to hold a written qualifying round to select teams amongst the rich audience of 100 students. A team of 2 students was allowed to participate and 6 teams were selected after the written round. These six teams faced a grueling quizzing session from the quizmaster and finally the scorer declared the results. The team of Vivekanand S. and Mandeep Jindal stood first. The team of Sunny Talwar and Akash Kumar and the team of Abhijit Shukla and Raj Kamal Ranjan jointly shared the runner-up prize. The team of Prateek Gupta and Sreedhar K. were awarded the third prize.  

The quizzing session also included surprise questions for the audience. The winners were awarded CDs and DVDs and the audience were awarded ‘chocolates’ for the surprise questions. The event was conducted and compered by Praharsh Sharma (2nd year Electronics and Member, IEI, 2006-07 and 2007-08) who was thankful to the Students Convener Sandeep Singh (3rd year Electronics and Students Convener, IEI, Varanasi Students’ Chapter) for his co-operation and guidance. The event was held at G-7, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IT-BHU on 29 January 2008 and was beautifully appreciated by the audience and saw encouraging participation from the students.         


A Class on ‘Electronics Components, Circuitry and Oscilloscope’ was organized by IEI, Students’ Chapter, Varanasi on 30 January 2008 at G-7, Department of Mechanical Engineering. The class lecture was given by Ashish Ranjan and Himanshu Shekhar (both of 3rd year Electronics). The class was attended by about 60 students interested in the field of Electronics competence and circuitry. The lecture imparted to the students, a good deal of basic knowledge in the field of Analog and Digital Electronics, Cathode Ray Oscilloscope and recent developments in the field. The organizers, Sandeep Singh and Praharsh Sharma were thankful to Ashish Ranjan and Himanshu Shekhar for devoting there time and concern. 


Lastly, IEI, Varanasi Students’ Chapter also organized the most sought after and awaited paper presentation session on 31 January 2008 at G-7, Department of Mechanical Engineering. The organizers received a good response as a result of wide publicity through academic department notices and hostel wall-maps.  

During the presentation, 10 different papers on varied topics were presented by the students. Most of the papers depicted original research work and were greatly appreciated by the judges and the audience. Dr. Satyabrata Jit (Department of Electronics Engineering), Dr. P. Ghosh (Department of Mechanical Engineering) and Dr. Akhilesh Kumar Singh (School of Materials Science and Technology) were the judges for the event. IEI, Varanasi Students’ Chapter was pleased to have amongst them, Er. N.D. Tiwari (IG, Department of Defense Services) as the chief guest for the event. Er. Tiwari is also Ex-Chairman of IEI, Varanasi Chapter and was very enthusiastic to witness the proceedings of the paper presentation session.  

Dr. R.K. Mishra, Students Adviser was also present during the event to bestow his guidance on the organizers and participants. The winners for the event were awarded certificates and prizes (Winner- 1GB Pen drive and Runner up - 512MB pen drive). Deep Jariwala (2nd year Metallurgy) presented a paper on ‘Molecular Dynamics Study of Wetting of Carbon Nano-tubes’ and was judged as the winner. Harsh Agrawal (4th year Electrical) was judged as the runner-up for his paper on ‘Single Spin Universal Boolean Logic Gate’ and the team of Alok Kumar Singh (3rd year Electronics) and Himanshu Shekhar were awarded the third prize for their paper on ‘Temporal Video Segmentation for Video Indexing’.  

The winners were awarded certificates and prizes by Dr. Satyabrata Jit, Dr. Akhilesh Kumar and Dr. R.K. Mishra during the valedictory. The event was compered and conducted by Praharsh Sharma under the able guidance of Sandeep Singh. Finally, Dr. R. K. Mishra delivered a vote of thanks to the staff, organizers and members of IEI and expressed his gratefulness towards the judges and showered his blessings on the participants. 


Additional Link:

Institution of Engineers (India):  


                           PRAHARSH SHARMA

B. Tech. Part II,

Department of Electronics Engineering,

Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University



Solaris Workshop at Campus
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

(Chronicle note: This workshop was conducted by Ms. Saloni Arya, who is Campus Ambassador for Sun Microsystems, Inc. She is 3rd year B. Tech. / M. Tech. Dual Degree program student in the department of Computer Science and Engineering).


Under the Campus Ambassador program of SUN Microsystems, a workshop on Solaris was held on January 9th in the Batch of ’98 Hall, Computer Science Department, IT-BHU. The topic was: Solaris 10 Basics: Installation, network configuration and basic administration.

I was actually very skeptical about the turnout because I couldn’t go to each and every hostel and inform the students personally (hope everybody knows girls are not allowed to go to boy’s hostels!!), but thanks to the rigorous mail sending and poster pasting done, the turnout was awesome. I would especially like to thank the 2nd year students who helped me in promoting the event by going to the first yearites and informing them about the workshop.

I started the workshop telling about the basic jargons like Solaris express developer edition, Community release, Nevada, Belenix, fdisk partition etc. Then moving on to the installation part, I addressed the very hot issue of multibooting Solaris. Many people mourn that they installed Solaris and lost all their data. I wanted to make it clear that installing Solaris isn’t that difficult and if you do it carefully, rest assured you won’t loose anything. I told them about all the various possibilities like having Solaris on a raw hard disk, Multibooting it with windows or Linux or having all three on one system. 

Then I moved on to the hardware requirements part telling them about the Ram specifications and all. After this, I explained the entire installation procedure which I accompanied with a Solaris install video I had downloaded from net.

Post installation, I told them how to configure the network statically or dynamic settings via DHCP, how to install their favorite applications plus an introduction to software package management and basic service management (aka Solaris services aka SMF).

All said and done, a lot of queries came up which relived me because it implied that something went into the audiences’ mind. Thanks to the extensive resources we as CA’s are provided, I was able to answer all the questions rather satisfactorily (or as I will like to believe!!)

Oh I forgot to mention, free CD’s of Solaris and Netbeans were given away as prizes to the various questions I asked the audience during the session (I know, I know its free and open source, but come on guys, appreciate the effort put in downloading and making the CD’s and besides, the CD’s do come at a cost J).

At the end, I would just like to say that seeing so many people turn up for the workshop really overwhelmed my heart. Due to lack of space, people had to stand and see the workshop!! Thanks a lot to all those people who turned up because it really boosted my confidence to take up similar workshops in the future.  

Additional links:

  1. Official website of Sun Microsystems:
  2. Saloni Arya’s blog on Sun website:
  3. More about Sun Campus Ambassador program:
  4. IT-BHU Sun Club:  
                           Ms. SALONI ARYA

    3rd Year B. Tech. /M. Tech. Dual Degree program

    Department of Computer Science and Engineering,

    Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University



BHU 90th convocation held on March 15, 2008
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008


Banaras Hindu University Chancellor Dr Karan Singh confers honorary D Litt degree on Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at the 90th convocation function of the university, in Varanasi. (PTI Photo)

Manmohan Singh awarded honorary doctorate degree by BHU
15 Mar 2008, 1306 hrs IST , PTI

VARANASI: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was on Saturday awarded an honorary doctorate of letters (D Litt) by Benaras Hindu University, the latest in the many academic honours conferred on him in his long public career.

BHU Chancellor Dr Karan Singh presented the degree to the Prime Minister in recognition of his contributions to the Indian society at the university's 90th convocation ceremony in Varanasi.

The university also conferred honorary D Litt degrees on well-known painter Satish Gujral and historian Irfan Habib on this occasion.

In the convocation, 29 medals, 179 PhDs, 2,023 Post Graduate and 4,252 Bachelor degrees were distributed.

Two decades of PG teaching in biotechnology in India
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008


This is a scholarly article written by senior scientific officers, Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology, New Delhi. The article analyzes the growth of biotechnology education with graphs and charts.
The faculty has received a large amount of extramural grants on competitive funding basis. During the last five years, the faculty associated with the teaching program from 34 universities have published 1,719 papers in high impact journals. The impact factor of scientific journals 2001 can be accessed from Details of impact factor are available for 1,151 publications. In addition to faculty from universities who have received sustained financial support for 10-20 years like the IITs (Delhi, Kanpur and Mumbai), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Madurai Kamraj University, Banaras Hindu University, Aligarh Muslim University, and Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, some of the new entrants like Jiwaji University, Gwalior, National Brain Research Centre (NBRC), Manesar, Tezpur University and University of Kashmir have also published papers in high impact journals. The faculty have contributed edited books, chapters in books, patents and technologies.
As many as 570 students have been awarded PhD degrees in biotechnology related areas under the supervision of faculty members from 50 universities and 567 students are enrolled for PhD at present.
Preference by students

JNU, BHU and MKU are the first three choices of students for MSc general biotech course at the time of admission. Similarly, TNAU and GBPUAT are preferred choices of candidates for MSc Ag Biotech.

Kalam asks BHU students to clean up Ganga
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

Friday, March 07, 2008 21:10 [IST]
Varanasi: Throwing a challenge of sorts, former President A P J Abdul Kalam today asked the students at Banaras Hindu University to "clean up" the Ganga river and set an example for others in the drive to rid the river of pollution.

"Will you take up the call of Ganga to clean it up, at least, in Kashi?," Kalam, who was taking a class at the university, asked the students.

"You represent the youth power, you can bring the change in the society, technology and even the management, so why don't you rise up to the occasion and clean up the holy Ganga, at least in Kashi?," the ex-president said.

He asked thousands of students sitting to attend his lecture to go for "Mission Clean Ganga".

Citing an example of Punjab, where the disciples of a "baba" cleaned a 160-km long river after he instructed them, Kalam stressed that the initiative for cleaning Ganga would be revived if BHU students were to take it

Make BHU a global brand, Kalam tells professors
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

Express news service
Posted online: Saturday, March 08, 2008 at 10:52:07
Updated: Friday, March 07, 2008 at 11:12:59
Varanasi, March 7 Former President A P J Abdul Kalam has suggested a “1-5-10 model” for rendering global brand value to Banaras Hindu University (BHU), set up by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya in 1916.
He termed BHU as a shining star among all Indian universities. Interacting with professors at a closed-door meeting at K N Udupa Hall, Dr Kalam said “make BHU a global brand”, said a senior professor who attended the meeting. The meeting was meant to acquaint Kalam with the rapid strides made by the university in various spheres of knowledge.
Elaborating on his 1-5-10 model, Kalam said: “BHU is a rare institution where 132 departments dealing in diverse disciplines are located on a single campus. Every department should first strive to make it number one in India. Once that is achieved, efforts will be needed to make the university feature among top five educational institutions in Asia, followed by measures to catapult every department of the central university among the top 10 institutions of the world.” He also highlighted the need for stem cell therapy to treat diverse human ailments confronting mankind.
Accepting BHU’s offer to be a visiting professor, Dr Kalam said he was ready to take classes of at least 60 students every year.
Dr Kalam, who inaugurated the International Seminar on Buddhism and World Cultures at the Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies (CIHTS) in Sarnath on Friday morning, was back at BHU later in the day. He addressed students and teachers at the Swatantrata Bhawan, which was a full house with students occupying the stairs and some crowding near the closed doors to catch a glimpse of the former President. It was an hour long ‘class’ where Dr Kalam administered the oath of creative excellence to students for nation building.
“Channelising the youth power, an ‘ecological saint’, Baba Balbir Singh Seechewal, has cleaned the Kali Bein rivulet, a tributary of Beas river in Punjab, which had once turned into a sewage stream. Be inspired by Babaji who accomplished the purging of the 160-km long rivulet on whose banks Guru Nanak Dev is believed to have attained enlightenment,” he told the students.
He administered an oath of reviving the polluted Ganga to the students. “I will work and work for bringing back the glory of Ganga at Varanasi by launching the Ganga Revival Mission,” he said, and the students repeated.
Appealing to the students to strive for visionary creative leadership for development of a prosperous India, Dr Kalam asked them to replicate the feats of Mahatma Gandhi, Vikram Sarabhai, J R D Tata and C V Raman. He also answered the questions asked by 10 select students, most of them representatives of the BHU student council. The questions spanned from the relation between economic and technological growth, gap between agricultural sciences and farmers to the declining state of ancient Indian mathematics (astrology).
In his answer to the last question, Dr Kalam’s said: “You are asking a wrong person about the declining state of astrology. One of the leaders who supported my candidature for Presidency in 2002 even asked me on what auspicious time will I take oath of presidency. I replied: anytime till the earth spins on its axis and revolves around the sun.”

Students could be seen breaking the security cordon to climb the stage to take a closer look at Kalam. They raced behind the fleet of cars as security personnel escorted the former President away.

Dr. Betti Baumer, Varanasi's Mrs. India
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008's+'Mrs+India'


Varanasi's 'Mrs India'

Prabhu Razdan, Hindustan Times

Varanasi, February 11, 2008

She may not have been granted Indian Citizenship rights, but she has been here for 40 years.

Dr Bettina Baumer, born in Austria, has been working in Varanasi since 1967. Unbelievably, she is today a renowned scholar of Sanskrit, Kashmir Shaivism, Indian philosophy and art.   

Visit Abhinavgupta Research Library at Bhadaini near Assi Ghat in Varanasi, one finds her busy teaching scholars from India and abroad. But in a traditional Indian (Pandit) style, sitting on the ground.

“I came to India about 40 years ago and got married to India”, says Baumer. “My entire life is devoted to India,” she says, adding,”I came to India as a student in 1967 and taught in Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi’. She has a strong feeling for the Sanskrit language. She has hold on this language to the extent that most foreign students and also from India feel in pride in being students of Dr Baumer.

Interestingly, the teaching is totally free of cost.“ I don’t charge any thing except meagre charges for using library”, she says, adding,` this too I  charge for maintaining this library’.  

The library is a real treasure of knowledge. There are books which are very difficult to find in the market.” Anyone who want to read such books are welcome at the library”, she says,adding, `no book is given outside’.

Baumer, it may be mentioned it may be mentioned has been director of a research institute on Indian art in Varanasi and coordinator of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, Varanasi. Since 1995, she is regularly teaching as visiting Professor at the universities of Vienna, Berne and Salzburg. She was also Fellow, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla.

Baumaer has authored many books in German and a number of books and scholarly articles in Sanskrit and English, including three volumes of Kalatattvakosha : A Lexicon of Fundamental Concepts of the Indian Arts edited by her. She became a disciple of Swami Lakshman Joo in 1986 and has been teaching Kashmir Shaivism and its texts for a number of years.

CV of Dr. Bettina Baumer


Univ. Doz. Dr. phil. Bettina Bäumer

More funds for Ayurveda department
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

BHU gets funds for Ayurveda dept.

Varanasi: The Central Government has sanctioned an amount of Rs. 2.5 crore to Banaras Hindu University (BHU) for various projects being undertaken by its Ayurveda department.

University’s Vice-Chancellor Prof. Panjab Singh said Rs 2.5 crore has been sanctioned to the Ayurveda department for research and development under different projects.

The programmes would be developed on the campuses, including main campus and Rajiv Gandhi south campus, he said.

Biotech at BHU stands 9th in Cybermedia Survey
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008


Press Release - February 10, 2008 


CyberMedia's 4th BioSpectrum Biotech Public School Survey 2008 Reveals List of Top 19 Public Biotech Schools

  • Rank 1: University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
  • Rank 2: Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi
  • Rank 3: Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology (RGCB), Trivandrum
  • Rank 4: Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
  • Rank 5: Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi
  • Rank 6: National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal
  • Rank 7: GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pant Nagar
  • Rank 8: University of Kashmir, Hazaratbal
  • Rank 9: Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Rank 10: The Maharaja Sayaji Rao University of Baroda, Vadoda
  • Rank 11: Department of Biotechnology, University of Jammu, Jammu
  • Rank 12: Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi
  • Rank 13: Department of Microbiology, Bangalore University, Bangalore
  • Rank 14: Department of Plant Molecular Biology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
  • Rank 15: Department of Biotechnology, Government Science College, Bangalore
  • Rank 16: Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tezpur University, Tezpur
  • Rank 17: Department of Biotechnology, Kumaun University, Nainital
  • Rank 18: Department of Microbiology, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad
  • Rank 19: Department of Biotechnology, Burdwan University, Burdwan

IGNOU to start a center in BHU
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

IGNOU targets 3.5 m students, to start 2 more centres in UP

Varanasi, February 12 The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) has set a target of enrolling 3.5 million students by the end of the 11th Five Year Plan.

“The increase will make our student base represent 40 per cent of students enrolled in higher education/tertiary education system of the country,” said D K Choudhry, IGNOU Pro Vice-Chancellor.

At present, there are 18 lakh students who have enrolled with the open university, representing 17.5 per cent of the students pursuing higher education in India.

To boost its student intake, IGNOU has notified two more regional centres at Aligarh and Varanasi.

Lucknow already has a regional centre and Varanasi has a sub-centre at Benaras Hindu University’s (BHU) campus.

The university has notified to convert the Varansi sub-centre into a regional centre.

“We met BHU V-C Panjab Singh who has assured to give land for the centre at BHU’s South Campus in Barkaccha. If things turn out as planned, the Varanasi regional centre will start functioning at the campus in two years time,” Choudhry added.

The Varanasi regional centre will coordinate all the study centres in the state’s 16 eastern districts.

Efforts are underway to set up study centres at Chandauli, Mau and Maharajganj, the only three districts of eastern UP, which have no study centres, Choudhry said.

He added there are plans to introduce some new courses, including a course in sports medicine and sports psychology that have been proposed by the Kolkata regional centre.

Besides, a proposal by the Varanasi centre to start a course in poultry science and technology is also under consideration.

“If the course in poultry science and technology takes off, we will ensure that it comprehensively covers various aspects of bird flu,” Choudhry said.

About IGNOU:




About MBA entrance tests
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

Excerpts from the article:

    Take your pick 
    18 Feb 2008, 0545 hrs ISTYour browser may not support display of this image.,Your browser may not support display of this image.TNN


In addition to the CAT and CET, there are a host of management entrance tests that students can consider. Jayanti Ghose walks you through the choices.  
An MBA is among the most coveted professional qualifications today, in India and the world. It translates into varied employment opportunities, scope for advancement to the top positions in industry, lucrative salaries (when the MBA is from a premier business school), and allows flexibility for changing tracks, either when one is tired of being in one industry or organisation or when economic upheavals lead to growth in another sector or organisation.  
Admission into an MBA is a competitive process, involving a written test, group discussion and a personal interview. Most MBA programmes are open to all graduates and the written test tends to focus on assessment of skills important for studying management, but not giving much of an edge to graduates of any one discipline.  
The Common Admission Test is one of the most prominent national-level management entrance tests and CAT scores are used by about a hundred odd B-schools to shortlist candidates for group discussion and personal interview for finalising selection of students for their MBA or equivalent programmes. Many states, like Maharashtra, also conduct a Common Entrance Test (CET) for shortlisting candidates for the state-level B-schools.  
The question that arises in the minds of many management aspirants is whether there is any scope for doing an MBA without appearing for the CAT or CET. There are, in fact, quite a lot of choices for students who have not or are planning to not appear for the CAT or CET. Among the prominent choices are XAT, ATMA, MAT, SNAP and JMET, which are used for admission to various B-schools for an MBA or equivalent.

(For complete article, follow the link given at the beginning)

Online education takes off in India
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008,39044229,62038178,00.htm


Online education takes off in India

By Nandini Lakshman, BusinessWeek
Tuesday, February 26, 2008 11:31 AM

The image “” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors. It's a Sunday afternoon and class time for 39-year-old IT worker Seema Shetty. Her feet curled under her in a swivel chair, she sits in front of a computer monitor, adjusts a set of headphones, and scribbles in a notebook. Shetty, who works for consulting firm Mastek in Mumbai, is in a virtual classroom in the Vile Parle suburb, where a dozen computers link students to some of India's elite management institutions.

Today's class is a three-hour general management lecture, part of the online education course conducted by the Xavier Labor Relations Institute in Jamshedpur, in the remote northern Indian state of Jharkhand.

A consultant for various industries from insurance to banking, Shetty signed up for an online certificate course to "learn more about my clients' business requirements," she says. By enrolling in the 14-month, six-hour-per-weekend online course, at a cost of US$4,600, she can further her education without having to take a two-year career break to get an MBA. Learning online, says Shetty hopefully, "will definitely boost my job prospects".

Shetty is part of a growing tribe of working professionals and students in India who have enrolled for online education certification. While it's difficult to determine numbers of students, the online education market in India today generates about US$200 million in revenue, and industry experts expect it to touch US$1 billion by the end of the decade. The winning proposition: Getting knowledge from top-notch professionals without disrupting fast-track careers.

What ails AMU? -Scholarly article by Rashid Hasan
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008



(Chronicle note: In this scholarly article, the author tries to compare the output of publishing academic articles in respected journals by Aligarh Muslim University and Banaras Hindu University.  He observes that BHU is ahead in publication of more articles than BHU because of pragmatic steps taken by its Vice-Chancellor Dr. Panjab Singh, such as improving academic atmosphere at the campus, filling up teaching vacancies, encouraging research, etc. He is optimistic that if the current Vice-Chancellor of AMU, Dr. P. K. Abdul Aziz takes the similar steps, then research output can be increased by the faculty of Aligarh Muslim University.

In any case, the research output statistics stated in the articles are very interesting, and author has worked hard to collect the facts and figures. Research statistics about a university can be also read at Scopus (, institute membership needed. )



By Rashid Hasan

What ails AMU?amu_1.jpg

Recent incidents of violence on the campus have generated a lot of debate within and outside the university about the state of academic standards at AMU. Many people have argued that these incidents point to the falling academic standards. Are the standards really falling or it is only a perception? To answer this question and also to find where AMU stands vis-à-vis BHU, I have collected information about the research output, the number of sanctioned teaching posts and student enrollment at the two universities. The data on the number of papers published have been retrieved from ‘Scopus’, the Abstract and Citation Database of Elsevier B.V. (Amsterdam). The database covers more than 15100 peer-reviewed scientific, technical, medical and social science journals, including more than 180 good quality Indian journals. Elsevier has its own criteria for selecting journals for including them in the database.  So, not all journals are covered by the database and thus the figures given in the following tables may not tally with those maintained by different departments.

Table1 presents the number of research papers published by the faculty of AMU and BHU during the period 2000-2007. 


Year 2000

Year 2001

Year 2002

Year 2003

Year 2004

Year 2005

Year 2006

Year 2007






















 Table6. Papers published during the last five years by Z.H. College of Engineering and Technology, AMU. 


Year 2003

Year 2004

Year 2005

Year 2006

Year 2007


Applied Science Departments







Engineering Departments














 Table7.  Papers published during the last five years by the Institute of Technology, BHU.   


Year 2003

Year 2004

Year 2005

Year 2006

Year 2007


Applied Science Departments







Engineering Departments














 BHU has shown us how to come out of such a phase. If BHU can do it, I am sure AMU can also do it. The present vice-chancellor is acting with great determination to improve the security environment in the university. If he acts with the same determination to convene the selection committees and fill all vacant posts with the best candidates available as soon as possible and convince the UGC to sanction AMU teaching posts in substantial number, particularly in the emerging fields, I am confident that AMU will soon enter into a phase of academic resurgence and he will go down in AMU history as one of the successful vice-chancellors for these timely and effective measures.

Successful Alumni projects
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

(By: Yogesh K Upadhyaya)


The IT-BHU alumni association is only few years old. Thanks to the advent of internet in mid-nineties, our alumni across the world started communicating with each other. Within this short span, the alumni association or individuals/groups of alumni have successfully completed some of the projects to improve the infrastructure at our campus.

Some of the efforts were by individuals, such as for construction of IT Guest House and IT Girls’ Hostel. Rest were planned by the alumni organization and lead/financed by individuals. The projects listed below show only some of the high-profile projects. There are other projects such as Lecture Hall, LCD Projector, Model Development Center, etc. which have helped the students’ community, but are not discussed here.

Wi-Fi internet project


(Photo by: Praharsh Sharma)

The project was undertaken to create wireless internet facility for nine boys’ hostels and a girls’ hostel. The project was completed towards the end of 2006. This project had the most cost-benefit impact (permanent facility created for students/amount spent) among all the projects.

The total project cost was about Rs. 27 lakhs ($60K) approx. The funds were collected by appointing volunteers across the globe as fund collectors. The project was initiated by the alumni association and was planned and executed by Ujj Nath (Metallurgy 1979). About 80% of the funding came from just four mega-donors (donating $10K or more): Ujj Nath; Soumyo Sarkar (Mechanical 1979) Nikesh Arora (Electrical 1989) and Rahul Shukla (Electrical 1989).

With the completion of the project, the students are able to surf internet, work on their homework assignment, etc. by staying within their dorms. Earlier they had to queue up for the departmental facility or had to go to cybercafé outside university.

Gandhi Technology Alumni Centre (IT Guest House)


The project was funded by our alumnus Mr. Ramesh C. Mody (Mechanical 1955), who is based in California. The total cost of Rs. Two crores was funded by his trust, “Gandhi Remembered” Foundation, Florida. The guest house was inaugurated in April 2006.

The guest house has 22 double-seated rooms. It is open to all the alumni, including BHU alumni, visiting professors, guests for IT festivals, etc. The rooms are equipped with modern bathrooms, air-conditioner/heating for the room, geysers, microwave, etc. The guest house has a dining hall, available taxi (on call) service and round-the-clock security.

Construction is going on for adding another floor with 20 additional rooms and a meeting room. With this guest house, the alumni can stay closer to their alma-mater and pay very reasonable charges compared to outside hotels.

Digital Library and Library Automation Project


The project was undertaken to provide online access to various books and periodicals in the IT library. The project was divided into two parts: Digital Library project and Library Automation project. After completion of Digital Library project by end of 2004, the Library Automation project was inaugurated in May 2005. The project was undertaken jointly by alumni association, students and the IT library; with Jagadish Bandhole (CSE 1995) as the main sponsor. Out of total cost of approximate $20K, over 90% was funded by the main sponsor.

A Digital Library is simply an online library section that gets added to the paper and books library that we have. The Digital Library section consists of a group of "client" computers and a "information server" that stores a lot of data locally on-site. All the systems are connected to both the Internet and to any internal department wired LANs, department Wireless LANs and student Hostel LANs (i.e., is easily accessible everywhere in ITBHU). This section also has an access to local printers and a copier for students to print out publications and make copies. The Digital Library consists of online subscription-based access to leading digital libraries, scientific publications and journals available on the web.

The Automated Library process provides access to the faculty, staff and students to access the digital library. Towards that end the organisation has donated the ten computers, one wireless access point, and two barcode scanners.

With the completion of the project, the students are able to access books and journal online remotely. They can also search difficult to get information from online journal. It also eliminates the wait for a book to be returned by someone who borrowed it.

IT Girl’s Hostel internet project

The project was initiated by the Class of 1979, led by Ujj Nath (Metallurgy 1979) and Pramod Joshi (Electronics 1979). It provided wired internet for each room of the IT Girls’ hostel. The project was completed in February 2004.

The project was immensely beneficial to girls as they could use the computers in their rooms, without the need to go out in late evenings.


(Photo by: Poorva Agarwal)

Gandhi Smriti Girls’ Hostel project (IT Girls’ Hostel)

The project was funded by Mr. Suresh C. Mody (Brother of Ramesh C. Mody, Mechanical 1955), who is based in California. The total cost of Rs. One crore was funded by his trust, “Gandhi Remembered” Foundation, Florida.

The initial construction phase was completed by June 2002. Subsequently, more rooms were added. There are 84 rooms in all, each room being a double-seater. Thus the hostel can accommodate about 170 girls right now. The hostel also has a well equipped gym room, common room, mess and a computer room.

Embedded Systems take off!!!
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

(Chronicle note: This is an excellent technical article written by Praharsh Sharma, 2nd year Electronics Engineering student.

We request more such articles from our readers in the field of engineering, science, finance, management, arts, literature, etc. Please email your articles to us at chronicle[AT]


‘The world has already mechanised civilisation, it now has to civilise mechanisation.’

As Nobel-laureate Murray Gell-Mann described it tactfully at the ‘Embedded Systems Conference’ in San Francisco, the concept of ‘Embedded Systems’ is about ‘putting a computer in a bed, so that the bed automatically moves in order to best enhance the activities that any couple on the bed may be engaging in’. The concept extends to more than beds of course, and when properly realised, it explains clearly the reason why, this technology is a winner today and will be the czar tomorrow. Judging from the products present in the industries as well as those being nurtured in the research labs today, it can be learned that Embedded Systems are ready for an even larger number of advertising and marketing applications for small to mid-sized business, ranging from desktop kiosks to Internet connected coffee makers. 

An ‘Embedded System’ is a special purpose electronic system designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions, sometimes with real-time computing constraints. It is usually embedded as part of a complete device including hardware and mechanical parts. It is in contrast to a general purpose computer system such as a PC which can do many different tasks depending upon its programming. Embedded Systems have become very important today as they control many of the common devices in use. Since an Embedded System is dedicated to a specific task, design engineers can optimise it, reducing the size and cost of the product or increasing its reliability and performance. Some Embedded Systems are mass-produced, benefiting from economies of scale. Physically, Embedded Systems range from portable devices such as digital watches and MP3 players to large stationary installations like traffic lights, factory controllers or the systems controlling nuclear power plants. Embedded Systems are the applications that fuel many of the microprocessors that play a hidden but crucial role in everyday lives. These are the tiny, quick, and smart microprocessors that live inside printers, answering machines, elevators, cars, cash machines, refrigerators, thermostats, wristwatches, and even toasters. Complexity on the other hand varies from low, with a single microcontroller chip to very high with multiple units, peripherals and networks mounted inside a large chassis or enclosure. The software written for Embedded Systems is often called Firmware, and is stored in the read-only memory or Flash memory chips rather than a disk drive. It often runs with limited computer hardware resources: small or no keyboard, screen, and a little memory. In general, ‘Embedded System’ is not an exactly defined term, as many systems have some element of programmability. As an example, hand-held computers share some elements with Embedded Systems, such as the operating systems and microprocessors which power them, but are not truly Embedded Systems since they allow different applications to be loaded and various peripherals to be connected. 

The history of Embedded Systems goes back at least up to the sixties, but the expenses and limitations of the early systems limited their use then. ‘Embedded Systems’ really took off in 1992, when the PC/104 Consortium was founded by Ampro, RTD and other manufacturers. The consortium established a format for Intel microprocessors based on a motherboard which was approximately four inches square, and just under an inch high. The boards were stackable, allowing a very powerful computer to be assembled in a box approximately four inches square, or even less. The PC/104 was initially targeted at military and medical markets, where it turned out to be widely used and respected. When the processor power increased enough to handle multimedia applications, PC/104-based kiosks became possible, and eventually common. Today there are an estimated of well over 100 different companies making PC/104 products. There are PC/104 cards to add Ethernet, FireWire, Hard drives, RAM drives, Video cards, Audio cards, I/O devices, Flash cards, Modems, GPS, Cellular phone, Wireless Internet and more, to the PC/104 motherboard of one’s own choice. Some off-the-shelf PC/104 cases can handle up to 13 or more cards, so one’s budget is the only remaining constraint. Kiosk development software is also progressing. Amulet Technologies demonstrated a system that allows LCD touch screens to be programmed in HTML. Since C++ programming usually takes several months to program a touch screen interface, the Amulet Technologies system has been a major breakthrough. In addition to saving time and money, the technology leaves the interface design to an HTML layout artist and not always an engineer. It is easy and economical to use this technology to make an interface for a hot tub, or a table-top ordering system for customers at restaurants.

In the earliest years of computers in the 1940s, computers were sometimes dedicated to a single task, but were too large to be considered ‘Embedded’. Over time however, the concept of programmable controllers developed from a mix of computer technology, solid state devices, and traditional electromechanical sequencers. The first recognisably modern Embedded System was the Apollo Guidance Computer, developed by Charles Stark Draper at the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory. During the project's inception, the Apollo Guidance Computer was considered as the riskiest item in the Apollo project. The use of the then new monolithic integrated circuits, to reduce the size and weight, further increased this risk. The first mass-produced Embedded System was the Autonetics D-17 Guidance Computer for the Minuteman missile, released in 1961. It was built from transistor logic and had a hard disk for main memory. When the Minuteman II went into production in 1966, the D-17 was replaced with a new computer that was the first high-volume use of integrated circuits. This program alone reduced the prices of quad NAND gate ICs from $1000 each to $3 each (no doubt, half a dozen pieces of the same IC today cost less than $1), permitting their use in commercial products. Since these early applications in the 1960s, Embedded Systems have come down in price. There has also been an enormous rise in processing power and functionality. The first microprocessor, for example, was the Intel 4004. This chip found its way into calculators and other small systems, but required external memory and support chips. In 1978 National Engineering Manufacturers Association released the standard for programmable microcontrollers. The definition was, ‘almost any computer-based controller’. They included single board computers, numerical controllers and sequential controllers in order to perform event based instructions. By the mid-1980s, many of the previously external system components had been integrated into the same chip as the processor, resulting into integrated circuits called microcontrollers, and then the widespread use of Embedded Systems became feasible. As the cost of a microcontroller fell below $1, it became feasible to replace expensive knob-based analog components such as potentiometers and variable capacitors with digital electronics controlled small microcontrollers with up/down buttons or knobs. By the end of the 1980s, Embedded Systems had become the norm rather than the exception for almost all electronics devices, a trend which has continued ever since then.

The influence of Embedded Systems is constantly growing. Increasingly powerful and versatile devices are being developed and are also being put in the market at a faster pace. The number of features is increasing, and so are the constraints on the systems concerning size, performance, energy dissipation and timing predictability. Since most of the systems today use a processor to execute an application program rather than using dedicated hardware, the requirements can not be fulfilled by hardware architects alone and therefore, hardware and software need to work together to meet the tight constraints being put on the modern devices. One of the key characteristics of embedded software is that it heavily depends on the underlying hardware. The reason of this dependency is that embedded software needs to be designed in an application specific way. To reduce the system design cost, code size, energy consumption etc., embedded software needs to be optimised exploiting the characteristics of the underlying hardware. There are various aspects of the compilation process like suitable modelling, specification techniques and programming languages for Embedded Systems. The emphasis today, lies on code generation techniques for embedded processors. The exploitation of specialised instruction set characteristics is as important as the development of new optimisations for embedded application domains. Cost criteria for the entire code generation and optimisation process includes runtime, timing predictability, energy dissipation, code size and others. Since today's Embedded Systems frequently consist of a multiprocessor system on chip, the techniques for compiler aided profiling, measurement, debugging and validation of embedded software need to be taken care off, since stability of embedded software is always mandatory.


  Left Image:    SOEKRIS net4801, an Embedded System targeted at network applications.

Right Image: ROUTER, an example of an Embedded System. Labelled parts include microprocessor (4), RAM (6), flash memory (7).

Microchip design has advanced so far over the last few years that it is now possible to build a complete computer system on a chip, including wireless Internet connectivity. These chips can easily be added to thousands of products, and soon, they will in fact be. It is unavoidable that the computers will continue to become cheaper, smaller, powerful and eventually they will become inexpensive enough to put into nearly every product, including soda straws and matchbooks turning them into the newer examples of Embedded Systems. In addition, nearly all of these Embedded Systems will have some kind of access to either local networks or the Internet. One may quite comfortably imagine a bathroom shower that would maintain exactly whatever water temperature one tells it to maintain. In close connection to this, one can have another Embedded System to assure that no child is now ever accidentally scalded in a bathtub again. A computer equipped bathtub would also be smart enough to turn it self off before it overflows, and send an e-mail to let one know when the bath gets ready. Embedded systems are on the cutting edge of consumer electronics, poised to revolutionise various technologies by making them smarter. A branch of the Embedded Systems industry wants to see some of these new and smart equipments hooked up to the Internet, so that networking capabilities become a ubiquitous feature of modern machines. According to market researchers, consumers love electronic equipments that can do smart things like, transmit instructions to other devices wirelessly via infrared signals, be programmed to operate automatically, and connect to super-technologies such as satellites, to bring remote power into their own hands. Over the next decade, many common household items will be given the benefit of Embedded Systems, reinventing them and eventually changing forever the way, people interface with them.

Various corporations are racing to develop Embedded Systems for Internet enabled devices, which include network computers (also called Internet appliances or thin clients), Internet phones, and traditional machines embedded with Internet connections, such as printers, various medical devices and thermostats. The thermostat in a family home is an example of a theoretical Internet-enabled appliance of the future. The thermostat would soon be embedded with a smart microprocessor that supports an Internet server connection, a Web browser and a screen for viewing Web information, software and graphics for programming and displays, and a protocol for communicating with the Internet. Users would then be able to program the thermostat to gather information from the Web, such as local weather forecasts, and use it in regulating the temperature of the house. In addition to this, users would be able to contact the thermostat remotely via the Web, to instruct it to alter its settings. Internet enabled appliances might also become a staple of the future version of the home entertainment center, the ‘digital data center’. A multimedia set of living-room devices might include, for example, a digital television that doubles as a personal computer, a Web browser and e-mail host, a stereo that can download tunes off of the Internet, and a video camera that can record the kids' pillow fight, and further send the video images directly onto the Web, and install them on the family's home page.

Experts estimate that Embedded Systems technology, which a decade ago was a $250 million industry, is worth more than $25 billion now. Cisco, Wind River Systems, Sun Microsystems, Integrated Systems, Microware Systems, and QNX Software Systems are among the prominent developers of Embedded Systems. In December 1998 Microsoft held a soft or low publicity launch of AutoPC, a car stereo with a Windows-based operating system featuring voice recognition, wireless messaging, and a global positioning system (GPS). The several-thousand-dollar price tag is sure to limit AutoPC's popularity for some time, but that price is just as sure to drop in the coming years. The world envisioned by Embedded-systems engineers and executives is one in which the long fingers of the global Internet stretch and reach into every conceivable aspect of the modern person's life. With the fast pace of technological progress, that future may be right around the corner.


PC Engines' ALIX.1C Mini-ITX Embedded board with AMD Geode LX 800 together with Compact Flash, miniPCI and PCI slots, 44-pin IDE interface and 256MB RAM.

      The rise of Embedded Systems marks a new phase in industrialization. Like desktop publishing, and later the Internet, Embedded Systems is a technology that will fundamentally, and permanently, change the way advertising and marketing works. It will also permanently change the kind of products that are made and the way they are made. The development of intelligent products, and intelligent product marketing, made possible by Embedded Systems, will at least offer the possibility of a world where machines exist for the convenience of people, and not the reverse. Considering the tools, the world now has got after the embedded systems’ superb take off, this kind of dream is no longer impossible.     


B. Tech. Part II,

Department of Electronics Engineering,

Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University


 Additional links: 

1) The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems – Muhammad Ali Mazidi & Janice Gillispie Mazidi.








 2) Wikipedia  

Interview with Iqbal Ahmed-the world famous modeling engineer
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

Mr. Iqbal Ahmed is a pioneer and leading model maker from Nagpur. His experience with running a car repair workshop helped him to develop miniature model making as a serious hobby. He has won many contests in USA and Germany for making working miniature models of steam engines and machine tools.

It is remarkable to note that although Mt. Iqbal is 9th standard dropout with no formal training from any technical institute and no engineering degree; he is able to achieve his goal of becoming a top modeling engineer by relying only on practical experience, dedication and confidence.

Mr. Iqbal was the guest of honour at our Technex festival during 15-17 February, 2008. We appreciate him for his consent to grant us an interview. For Chronicle, Yogesh K. Upadhyaya discusses with Mr. Iqbal Ahmed about his career and interest in model making.

 Q-1: Welcome, Sir. Please tell us about yourself

I was born on June 30, 1946, with a family of grand father, grand mother, father and mother. I was the second child in the family. I was admited in a first class english medium school called Bishop Cotton School. After completing few grades, my grand father observed me as a very intelligent child and thought that I will become an engineer in future and he will send me to England for further studies. His dream did not materialise; we ran into many hard days as days passed. In 1960, my father bought a lathe machine for which he was having very little knowledge, and hired a turner to keep the work going. I observed the machinist  turning worn out parts for automobile dynamo, bushes, shafts, etc. As I was interested in knowing how the automobile engines and other machines work, I stealthily operated the lathe in absence of the turner who was reluctant to teach..He too abandoned the work and left the job,with no other option and with little experience, I took over the machine and continued to work for regular automobile jobs.

After mastering to operate  the machine, I decided to go for specialised machining jobs and came into machining of special components for VCR and film processing machines etc. I was very much facinated by the link motions of steam locomotives while travelling in the steam powered trains of that era and a dream was to build a steam loco one day. That dream came true when a friend brought some books from England on how to build steam engines and locomotives. I built a complete loco with fully functional working livesteam locomotive, and to my surprise hauled 5 adults plus two child. I built several other working models of steam engines and machines,including the World’s Smallest Thumbnail sized steam engine weighing just 1.72 grams. The latest  was Hot Air Sterling Cycle engine.

Q-2: How you became interested in model making? What is the process for making miniature engineering models?

Since 1962, I started developing an interest in model making. The first model was a Swiss miniature electric powered locomotive with a track width of 13.5 mm; I took the dimensions from a swiss train set, which my grandpa brought from England. Model making hobby shot up from 1970 after reading model making books from England and every model was scaled down from the orignal from the books.

In making a Four Stroke Four Cylinder IC (Internal Combustion) engine, all the dimensions were imaginary and no blueprint/sketches/dimensions were made prior to machining, and machining was carried out directly on the  machine. No parts were purchased from any store and they were not ordered or procured from any workshops. I select models which ever comes in to my mind and facinate me because of its construction and working principals. There are no takers for these miniature working models in india and foreigners are also not very much interested in buying ,but they go for ready-made high priced items.

Q-3: Please explain any challenges faced while making a working model.

Depends on mood and to  spare time for making one, some models were built in record time of 10/15/30 days; while others took months and years. Many models have about 0.5 percent of breakages and some have none! One can not live on Miniature Engineering Models alone, as there is no awareness about model engineering in India.

Q-4: How did you get an opportunity to showcase your talent abroad?

I received an invitation from m/s Echtdampf Hallentreffen,  Sinsheim, Germany at their annual world’s Largest Steam Engine Meet in 2004 and requested the then Minister for Human Resources and  Development, Dr Murli Manohar Joshi for sponsoring for the show and  my participation was sucessful. In 2004, I again attended the Sherline Competition with the funding from Department of Science & Technology. In 2005, I was denied sponsorship,  but got the Second prize for sending a 4-Stroke engine through my nephew. In 2007, I was  sponsored by Department of Science & Technology; and I bagged 1st and 2nd position in a row.

While surfing on internet, I came across Sherline Website in the section contest, and in 2001 I sent a vertical steam engine to U.S.A, which took 7th Ranking.

Some of my achievements:

  •       In 2001 my name featured in the Limca Book of Records for making Live Steam Engine working models. And four other records for Lathe Machine, Locomotive, Milling Machine and Thumbnail steam engine in World Record category.
  •       In 2001 I was chosen by the Guinness Book of World Records for the few select bands of world record holders, breaking the existing record in the Steam Engine category by making the World’s Smallest Handcrafted Steam Engine weighing just 1.72 grams, having flywheel of 6.8mm and height 6.8mm.
  •       In 2001 I got Special Recognition Award at Sherline Machinist Challenge, U.S.A for miniature Vertical Steam Engine.
  •       In 2004 I bagged 3rd position and a Special Award of Sherline Bench Milling Machine at Sherline Machinist Challenge Competition, U.S.A for making Miniature Lathe Machine working model.
  •       In 2004 0-6-0 Tank Steam Locomotive “INDIAN GLORY”, 5” Gauge model was started in 1986 and got completed in 2003. I performed live demonstration at Sinsheim, Germany, along with other stationary steam engines from other participants around the world.
  •       In 2005 I was awarded 2nd prize in Sherline Machinist Challenge Competition, U.S.A for making the 4-stroke, 4-cylinder, water cooled IC engine which was self designed without any blue prints and diagrams.
  •       In April 2007 I participated in the Sherline Machinist Challenge Competition, U.S.A with Miniature Milling Machine having dimensions of 4.5” X 3.5” X 4”. This machine being replicated from the original Sherline Milling Machine, received a special award in 2004 competition. It ranked 1st position and also ranked a 2nd position with a miniature Lathe of Sherline make. It is consistent to note that in the 16 year history of the contest, no single entrant has ever bagged both 1st and 2nd prize in a single competition in the same year. This 2nd position award winning lathe machine had been donated to Joe Martin Foundation Museum for exceptional craftsmanship housed at Vista, California, U.S.A.

Q-5: What message you would like to give to young engineers interested in model engineering?

Technex was a very exciting and remarkable event I have ever visited. Hundreds of inquisitive querries came forward from young and upcoming engineers of the future.

Regarding model engineering, it is the best medium for creating an innovative machine or equipment on a very less cost and can be proved on a smaller scale 

Q-6: Thank you, Sir. It was pleasure to discuss with you about the interesting field of model making.

Mr. Iqbal Ahmed can be contacted at: iqmodelverk[AT]

Additional links:

1) Iqbal Ahmed-Model Engineering in India










2) Iqbal Ahmed’s new work in Nagpur, India


Technex Souvenir
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008

Technex Souvenir published:


The Technex-08 festival was held during 15-17 February this year.

Karan Gupta and his team have published a 24 page Technex Souvenir. It contains details about Technex programs, technical articles, interviews, cartoons, etc.

To read it in PDF format, click here

59th Indian Pharma Congress-published report
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 16, 2008  





The 59th Indian Pharmaceutical Congress: A Report

Submitted by Anonymous on Sun, 12/30/2007 - 01:21.

Dec 29th, 2007, Varanasi, U.P., INDIA:

The 59th Indian Pharmaceutical Congress was held at Department of Pharmaceutics, BHU (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi from 20th to 23th December 2007 with an aim to disseminate knowledge and facilitate exchange of new ideas among the members of Pharmacy Profession.

Inauguration of the 59th IPC was done on 20th December at 4.30pm. Dr. John L. LaMattina senior vice president, Pfizer Inc and President, Pfizer Global Research and Development was the guest of honour.

pharma_2.jpgScientific poster sessions were held on 21st and 22nd December from 4.45 – 6.45pm. More than 1700 scientific posters were presented in 3 halls. And about more than 70 plenary lectures were given by eminent speakers from various countries institutes and industrial organizations in 3 halls. Pharma Expo 2007 was greatly arranged in 3 halls and the equipment placed in that Expo attracted all the delegates who visited 59th IPC.

As a part of entertainment cultural programs were conducted and particularly on 20th December Contemporary Classical Indian Music, World Music by Dr.Krishna Raghavendra, USA and on 21st December Mr.Jagjit Singh performed Ghazals.

















The valedictory program was held at 2pm on 23rd December.














About Banaras Hindu University

Pharmaceutical Education in India at the University level was started first in Banaras Hindu University in July 1932 by Prof. M.L. Schroff. The Department has so far produced about 2000 B.Pharm graduates, 1000 M.Pharm post graduates, and 80 scholars. The Department so far has published over 600 research papers in international and 2000 research papers in national journals, which speaks of its contribution to pharmaceutical sciences. 
This Department has the distinction of being the birthplace of national level professional bodies namely IPA (1940), APTI (1966) and the Indian Journal of Pharmacy (1939) [presently it is named as Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences].

The Department has had the honor of hosting 17th and 34th Session of Indian Pharmaceutical Congress in the year 1965 and 1982 in conjunction with Silver Jubilee and Golden Jubilee celebrations of the Department, respectively. In this year 2007 Department of Pharmaceutics has hosted 59th IPC in conjunction with Platinum Jubilee celebrations of the Department.

About IPCA

Indian Pharmaceutical Congress Association (IPCA) - A federation of five national pharmaceutical associations as its constituents - is the apex body representing Indian Pharmacists working in various capacities, viz. community pharmacists, hospitals pharmacists, in industry (in production, R&D, quality control, quality assurance and marketing), regulatory officials, academicians and other disciplines and areas of work.In all it has 20,000 pharmacists as its members.

The five constituents of IPCA are 
•The Indian Pharmaceutical Association - IPA 
•The Indian Pharmacy Graduates Association - IPGA 
•The Indian Hospital Pharmacists’ Association - IHPA 
•The Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India - APTI 
•The All India Drugs Control Officer’s Confederation – AIDCOC


59th IPC was hosted by APTI (Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India). This year, 59th IPC held at Varanasi has the theme related to the most relevant and fast emerging technological frontier on the global horizon, namely, 
'Pharma Vision 2020 - Product, Patient, Practice' with Dr. H.P.Tipnis as the president for IPCA. 

CUSAT to be upgraded as IIEST
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 13, 2008





Wednesday, February 20, 2008 (20:17:35) 
Kerala's tech university set to be upgraded as IIEST


Thiruvananthapuram: The central government is set to take over the Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT) and upgrade it as an Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST). "At today's (Wednesday) cabinet meeting, we decided to inform the central government to take over CUSAT and to upgrade it as an IIEST," Chief Minister V S Achuthanandan told reporters after the weekly cabinet meeting in the city.  

"We have also asked the central government to see that the reservation system presently followed is kept intact," he added.  

IIESTs are proposed by the central government to meet the growing demand for setting up highly rated Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) by every state in the country. The central government has selected seven universities for upgradation as IIESTs.  

The Kerala IIEST is expected to reserve 50 percent seats for domicile candidates and rest will be open for students from other states. (IANS)

Govt. yet to announce additional IITs
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 13, 2008

(Chronicle note: This excellent news item from The Telegraph discusses govt. thinking about plan for additional IITs. It states that in addition to the 3 IITs already announced at Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan; 5 new IITs are planned but the names are not announced yet.)

Green signal to IITs, but mum’s the word 



IIT Khargapur: More in the pipeline

New Delhi, March 1: The government has given the go-ahead to set up Indian Institutes of Technology in Kerala and Himachal Pradesh, but will not announce the decision for fear of politics interfering with the choice of sites.

The human resource development ministry has granted “in-principle” approval to IITs at Palakkad (Kerala) and Mandi (Himachal), but is yet to officially inform even the states’ governments, senior officials said.

The Prime Minister’s Office — smarting from the political bickering triggered by an earlier announcement that three IITs would come up in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan — has advised the ministry to remain silent this time.

HRD minister Arjun Singh is expected to touch upon the possibility of an IIT in Himachal while replying to a question in Parliament early next week, sources said. But he will not make any commitment and will not even mention Kerala.

“The news of an IIT in Himachal, though not communicated formally, has been leaked to some government officials there. But the minister will not commit to it,” a source said.

Finance minister P. Chidambaram had first announced the Centre’s intention of building new IITs in last year’s budget. These, the government had said, would supplement the seven existing IITs in building India’s technical expertise.

Almost immediately after the announcement, the HRD ministry had been flooded with requests from chief ministers seeking IITs for their states.

In his Independence Day speech last August, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had said eight IITs were in the pipeline.

Proposals from Andhra, Bihar and Rajasthan were considered the best and cleared by the HRD ministry by September. The decision was conveyed to their chief ministers.

But selecting the sites in two of them has proved a bigger headache.

Hours before Chidambaram delivered his budget speech yesterday, Rajasthan chief minister Vasundhara Raje wrote to the HRD ministry, insisting that the new institute must come up in Kota.

Kota, Raje has said, is home to numerous institutes that train students for the IIT entrance test and other competitive examinations.

The letter, which reached the ministry yesterday, follows a month-long tussle between Raje and the Centre. While the chief minister has been insistent on Kota, an HRD team that surveyed the proposed plot returned unhappy.

The ministry had offered two alternatives, prompting Raje to accuse the Centre of playing politics.

Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar had proposed a site near Patna. But HRD officials called it “inadvisable” as it suffers from a “major water-logging problem”.

Nitish has now recommended a second location, which the ministry is considering, the sources said.

A site near Hyderabad has been finalised — the only one to be cleared for a new IIT.

Five IITs are up for grabs after the ones in Andhra, Bihar and Rajasthan, and 15 states are vying for them, the officials said. 

IT-BHU 2007-A Photo Essay
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 13, 2008

Times Change… and still remain the same!

Our alumnus, Vishesh Parekh (Mechanical 1983) visited our campus during December 2007. He collected some remarkable photos and provided with beautiful commentary around them.

To view his photo collections, please click here

Vishesh can be contacted at:

IT students' council
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 13, 2008

(Report forwarded by Arpit Sharma, 1st year M. Tech. Biomedical Engineering. He is a representative of IT Students’ Council. Email:


From the current academic year (2007-2008), our university has established a Students’ Council. The students representatives are selected by the administration from all faculties, based on their academic achievements. Institute of Technology has a 17-member IT Students’ Council.

Earlier, Students Union was formed by electing various representatives through direct voting by university students in a general election. This resulted in activities of various political parties in the campus, campus violence and painful Sine die (indefinite closure), resulting in the closure of university for few weeks in almost every year. This happened since 1967 and continued for a long time. About six years ago, Supreme Court authorized centrally funded institutes to stop the students’ general body elections to prevent campus violence and to improve academic atmosphere. Accordingly, the elections were banned in our university, and there has been peace in the campus for the past six years.

The current attempt by the university, to select scholarly students for Students’ Council is for improving the relations between students’ body and faculty/administration, without disturbing peace of the campus.  


The Students’ Council is perceived to serve the basic purpose of holistic education as conceived and enriched by the illustrious founder of Banaras Hindu University. It would be Endeavour to obtain a fine and judicious blend of curricular and extra curricular activities.

The IT Students’ Council is part of BHU Students’ Council. More info about Students’ Council can be found on the university’s home page: 


  1. To foster fellow feeling and disciplined  way of life among the students of university
  2. To promote intellectual and cultural activities, mental and physical health and building of character
  3. To maintain an atmosphere of peace and tranquil in  university, so that the activities  of the university should be carried on peacefully and un interruptedly
  4. To associate itself with national and international issues of human interest
  5. To work for equality, secularism and socio- economic progress of the nation
  6. To cooperate in making the educational system more responsive to urges of the youth in order to meet challenges of the times
  7. To groom student personality so as to make them responsible citizen dedicated to the development of the nation as a whole
  8. To understand any such activity which may be deemed beneficial for enriching the overall life of the student of university

Participation in Activities

Academic, Sports, Cultural Activities, Students’ Welfare, Health and Hygiene, Law and Discipline, Social Activities, etc.


Vice Chancellor    Patron

Senior Professor of University  Chairman 
Dean of Students    Vice- Chairman

Faculty/ College/ RGSC   Member

One student Representative    Secretary

For each activity of the council  Joint Secretary 

Criteria for selecting students

  1. He should be an enrolled student of university
  2. He should be less then 25 years of age
  3. He should not have failed in any examination
  4. For IT- BHU/ IMS, one representative from each Batch/ Year of under graduate course, one rep. from each department of Post Graduate course, One PhD scholar from any department of IT/ IMS. He/ She should be topper in last year examination of university or Topper in respective department in qualifying examination of IIT- JEE, GATE, NET, Pre- PG exam for IMS, etc.
  5. There should be no previous criminal record against him
  6. Council will be selected each year based on above criteria and facility of selection of same member is not granted.
  7. There should be no gap of more than 60 days between two meetings of council

List of Representatives of IT Students’ Council

There are at present17 members in IT Students’ Council, which includes one representative from each batch/year of B. Tech. program, one from each department of M. Tech. program and one PhD student.

The list of representatives for IT Students’ Council is attached here.


Ms. Poorva Agarwal (Final year Electronics Engineering) is the head of IT Students’ Council. 









  1. BHU has formed a council in order to promote activities in BHU, but control of the council is in the hands of BHU. Unlike past, the students are now selected by the administration and not by election or voting. This will help to suppress the unwanted political activity (and associated violence) in the university.
  2. This being the first year of Council, the Council is running on ad-hoc basis. From next year, it will be functioning on full-fledged basis.
  3. Council is a link between IT and BHU, and acts as a cartilage between students of the University.
  4. Meritorious students entering in the Council could generate good, healthy, positive ideas in development of university
  5. Student- University interaction will be developed.
  6. Student problems could be solved at their level, provision for funds to poor/ disabled students will be available.
  7. Research environment will be developed.




M. Tech. Part-I,

School of Biomedical Engineering,

Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University.



Institute signs MoU with Cognizant Technologies
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 13, 2008

(We are thankful to Dr. S. N. Singh, our Training and Placement Officer, for providing us with the necessary information)


Cognizant Technology Solutions has taken the initiative to fill the gap between academic output and industry demand. The demand for quality students has had the IT companies queuing up at leading colleges and at times even recruiting them even before they graduate. However, there are a few companies that look at colleges as more than being just `talent pools'. Cognizant Technology Solutions (CTS) is one of them.

With its `Back2Campus' program, the IT major is putting in place industry-academic linkage for mutual benefit. Under the Memorandum of Understanding, CTS will arrange Student workshops/Guest lectures at college premises to generate students with the necessary industry orientation in information technology. CTS will also institute best student and faculty awards.  All this and more comes as a part of the MoU signed between CTS and IT-BHU in August 2007. The MoU is signed initially for a year, which may be renewed.

Academic Interface Programme is the company's initiative aimed to fill the gap between academic output and industry demand. The industry has to take the initiative to ensure that students get better training at their colleges itself. 

An article in Economic Times about Cognizant’s Back2Campus Program

Cognizant finds new brand ambassadors in employees

8 Jan, 2008, 0008 hrs IST,Sutanuka Ghosal, TNN

KOLKATA: With 16,000 new recruits in 2007 globally, Cognizant Technology Solutions (CTS) can hardly rely on campus placements alone. The software major has launched a Back2Campus programme encouraging its employees to visit their respective colleges as CTS brand ambassadors to interact with students. The mission is three-fold — to look out for prospective recruits, share industry knowledge and increase their employability.

Talking to ET CTS human resources vice-president Bhaskar Das said: “Our Back2Campus is not entirely a recruitment programme. According to Nasscom, 25% engineering graduates are directly employable by the IT industry and 15% can be groomed to be made employable.

This is one such initiative to groom these 15% graduates who can be trained to meet industry needs. By interacting with their college seniors who are working with Cognizant, students gain a better understanding of industry requirements which helps them make a smooth transition from the campus to the corporate world.”

Incidentally, CTS had projected that its the global headcount would increase to 55,000 by December 2007 as against 38,000 in the beginning of the year.

The final figures will be released shortly by the software major. Commenting on CTS’ initiative, senior IT professionals said: “Each year, the great Indian recruitment yatra of IT companies gets fiercer with major domestic and global players vying for the right talent by often devising new strategies that go beyond mere campus recruitments. Cognizant’s initiative is one such move.”

During 2007, Cognizant visited nearly 150 B-schools and T-schools for recruitment and campus recruitment will continue to be the top priority. However, initiatives like the Back2Campus brings in the added advantage of reaching out to talents in institutes that are not on the regular list on one hand, while on the other, the alma mater bond helps forge strong ties that translate into new talent coming on board.

To create campus brand ambassadors and recruiters, Cognizant has also instituted the “Campus Bandwagon” initiative. Under this programme, experienced campus ambassadors interact with a new batch of ambassadors and share their experiences and learning. “We have also developed an e-learning module on campus recruitments. Every recruiter is required to complete it before stepping out for campus recruitments,” said Mr Das.

CTS has also signed a memorandum of understanding with 30 select colleges across the country to create rapport with aspiring IT professionals. For instance, it has tied up with Calcutta University, BHU and Jalpaiguri Govt Engineering College among others. “More such MoUs are in the offing,” Das added.

Meanwhile, on Friday, CTS tied up with Singapore-based linguistic services provider Nihongo Bashi to offer training in Japanisation skills to some of the company’s 2008 batch of campus recruits.

The first batch will consist of 25 third-year engineering students from Kolkata’s St. Thomas College of Engineering and Technology, who will avail of a six-month Academic Japanisation Programme (AJP) in Japanese language, business and management, designed specially for the business needs of the IT industry.

A unique website for student opportunities
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 13, 2008


The website, “Let Me Know”, is a unique blog created to inform college students about activities beyond jobs. The site collects and posts the information about cultural activities, programs, festivals, competitions, etc. across professional colleges. It also posts other useful information such as available summer internships, scholarships and volunteer work at various institutes, corporations and organizations.

For example, it has posted the announcements for our Technex and Kashi-Yatra festivals.

It is rare to find such a website which caters to youth across the board. Its primary goal is to serve the students at various institutes to make them aware of programs and opportunities available. The website management will be glad to publish any relevant information forwarded by volunteers from the colleges.


Chronicle discussed about this unique site with its founder, Nitin Rao (Email: letmeknowblog at gmail dot com):

About Nitin Rao

Nitin Rao is a soon-to-graduate college senior and a member of the Students Union at the National Institute of Technology - Karnataka - Surathkal, India. An alumnus of the StartingBloc Fellowship, Nitin's interests lie at the intersection of economics, business and development. As the only Asian Staff Writer for - Development Through Enterprise, he analyzes sustainable business models aimed at the world's poorest citizens. He has been involved in strategy for The Spark Group, an MIT education startup. Nitin has written for MIT International Review and Business Today and been accepted to present a paper on the Indian education sector at the HPAIR Academic Conference, Harvard University. Nitin recently founded Engineers for Social Impact - a unique fellowship program to connect the best engineering talent to the most credible social enterprises that drive market-based solutions to development in India

How was the idea of starting the site developed?

Let Me Know was born as an idea Nitin presented at the StartingBloc Global Institute for Social Innovation at London Business School in July 2007.

What is the purpose of the website?

When was the last time you knew of a great opportunity - only too late?

Let Me Know is an effort to connect the youth to the best opportunities (beyond jobs) in India. It is breaking the information barrier, finally. A volunteer team of students across majors and interests will contribute information of opportunities to this blog. The opportunities could be Cul-Fests, Tech-Fests, Biz, Lit, Geek, Gyaan, Volunteer or Internships.

When was the website created?

Let Me Know was formally launched in November 2007. In its short existence, it has become a recognized and leading blog on opportunities, with over 35,000 hits to date.

Any future plan about the website?

Much of our content at Let Me Know is influenced by our blogging team of engineers. We would like to include new bloggers to cover opportunities in other streams such as law and commerce.

Pulse magazine is published
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 13, 2008

The 2nd issue (February 2008) of Pulse! Magazine is published. Pulse! Is a campus magazine published by students to cover campus news and events. Its editorial team is headed by Rahul Raj (4th year Metallurgy). 


The issue was forwarded to us by Vignesh Sunder, 3rd year (Dual Degree) Material Science & Technology, and a member of editorial team. 

To read the issue, please click here.


1961 alumni reunion: A press report
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 13, 2008

Reader's Feedback
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 10, 2008

1) We did browse through the chronicle and got to see other Reunion details also, which are very impressive.


God willing, our batch will have yet another meet in four years time and will bother you again for publishing it in the chronicle :-)

Thanking you once again for all the trouble taken,


Best wishes


M S Nagar (Mining1961)

New Delhi

Email: msnagar[AT]



2) Thanks for the Chronicle. It is really a pleasure to get the information. It has revived my whole memory at IT BHU from 1967 to 1972.


Zeya Alam (Mechanical 1972)


Email: zeyaalam[AT]




3) You guys are doing pretty nice work!!

Keep it up!!!!



Paras Aggarwal (Mining 2007)

Email: paras_201083[AT]

Arguing the Upside of Being Down
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 10, 2008





Eric G. Wilson, author of Against Happiness, argues for the vital need for sadness in the world. Wake Forest University

Read an excerpt from the book.


Ken Bennett

All Things Considered, February 11, 2008 · Author Eric G. Wilson has come to realize he was born to the blues, and he has made peace with his melancholy state.

But it took some time, as he writes in his new book, a polemic titled Against Happiness: In Praise of Melancholy.

At the behest of well-meaning friends, I have purchased books on how to be happy. I have tried to turn my chronic scowl into a bright smile. I have attempted to become more active, to get away from my dark house and away from my somber books and participate in the world of meaningful action. … I have contemplated getting a dog. I have started eating salads. I have tried to discipline myself in nodding knowingly. … I have undertaken yoga. I have stopped yoga and gone into tai chi. I have thought of going to psychiatrists and getting some drugs. I have quit all of this and then started again and then once more quit. Now I plan to stay quit. The road to hell is paved with happy plans.

Wilson has embraced his inner gloom, and he wishes more people would do the same.

The English professor at Wake Forest University wants to be clear that he is not "romanticizing" clinical depression and that he believes it is a serious condition that should be treated.

But he worries that today's cornucopia of antidepressants — used to treat even what he calls "mild to moderate sadness" — might make "sweet sorrow" a thing of the past.

"And if that happens, I wonder, what will the future hold? Will our culture become less vital? Will it become less creative?" he asks.

Wilson talks to Melissa Block about why the world needs melancholy — how it pushes people to think about their relation to the world in new ways and ultimately to relate to the world in a richer, deeper way.

He also explores the link between sadness, artistic creation and depression — which has led to suicide in many well-known cases: Virginia Woolf, Vincent Van Gogh, Hart Crane and Ernest Hemingway, for instance.

Wilson says perhaps this is "just part of the tragic nature of existence, that sometimes there's a great price to be paid for great works or beauty, for truth."

More Guns, No Butter
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 10, 2008


Editorial | posted February 14, 2008 (March 3, 2008 issue)

More Guns, No Butter

Americans are worried about the impending recession and the Wall Street crisis, as well as the exhilarating and unpredictable presidential contest. But another threatening force is bearing down on the nation: our out-of-control military machine. The ever-voracious Pentagon is using this fragile moment as cover for seizing an even greater share of the nation's dwindling resources--trillions more in federal indebtedness to fight a phantom "war on terror." In constant dollars, next year's proposed military budget will be the largest since World War II--around $700 billion.

It reveals not only bureaucratic greed but clever politics. What makes the money grab scary is the silence. Only recently has Barack Obama begun to link the money drained by the disastrous Iraq War to the need for universal healthcare and other domestic proposals. But neither Obama nor Hillary Clinton has been willing to criticize this year's bloated military budget and declare, "Not on my watch. Not if I become President." The military planners think they have Democrats in a box; any candidate who raises questions now can be accused of aiding terrorists. But the obscenely expensive weapons systems (designed to combat a Soviet military long gone) have nothing to do with terrorism. If the generals get away with this, the next presidency will be wretchedly compromised before it starts.

The United States, the world's sole superpower, already spends more on its military than most of the rest of the world combined. And those who assume military spending will subside when we get out of Iraq--if we get out--haven't been paying attention. Defense Secretary Robert Gates and his new Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, Adm. Mike Mullen, have been beating the tom-toms for greater spending after withdrawal. Various "experts," including those at the centrist Brookings Institution, are on board for sustaining the pace of Pentagon spending. Obama and Clinton have both endorsed an increase in the size of the active-duty military by 90,000 troops, while John McCain, their presumed rival this fall, wants to increase it by 150,000 (as he gives the word "quagmire" new meaning with his call to stay in Iraq for as long as 100 years).

The real reasons driving the military budget have nothing to do with terrorism, says Gordon Adams, a budget expert at American University. "The absence of budget discipline has allowed unit costs for major new hardware programs to soar," he explains. The unit cost of satellite design for missile defense, for example, has risen by more than 300 percent. The price tag on the already obsolete F-22 stealth fighter has inflated by nearly 190 percent. The estimated cost of the Army's Future Combat System increased by 54 percent.

In other words, the shocking waste displayed by military contractors in Iraq merely replicates what has long been standard practice in Washington. This is not a secret. The Government Accountability Office and sharp-eyed critics in Congress like Henry Waxman have been exposing the reckless, even criminal, practices of military contractors for years. A courageous presidential candidate would start by making two patriotic accusations: the armed forces have undermined themselves by this scandalous misuse of scarce public money, and the swollen military budget is all about feeding the hogs in the military-industrial complex.

Citizens must fight the militarism that's choking our democracy. Given the power and money of the military lobby, we're not likely to get any encouragement from either party or any presidential candidates, at least not at first. But we can force the issue into the dialogue and remember who listened and who didn't. Call it politics for the long run, the politics of hope with a sharper edge.

Dr. P. K. Sethi-The Inventor of 'Jaipur Foot' (November 1927-January 2008)
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 10, 2008

(Chronicle note: Dr. Pramod Karan Sethi died on Jan 6, 2008. He made a unique contribution in the field of orthopedic rehabilitation by developing ‘Jaipur Foot’, a wood and rubber ankle foot prosthesis, which has changed the lives of millions of amputees in the developing and underdeveloped countries. He was born on November 28, 1927, in the holy city of Banaras (Varanasi) in India. His father, was a professor of physics at Banaras Hindu University.)


Remembering a doctor, who ignited hope in many lives 
Dr P.K. Sethi – The inventor of ‘Jaipur Foot’
By Anand Arya


Pramod Karan Sethi, popularly known as Dr P.K. Sethi made a unique contribution in the field of orthopaedic rehabilitation by developing ‘Jaipur Foot’, a wood and rubber ankle foot prosthesis, which has changed the lives of millions of amputees in the developing and underdeveloped countries. He was born on November 28, 1927, in the holy city of Banaras (Varanasi) in India. His father, who was a professor of physics at Banaras Hindu University, exercised greatest influence over him. BHU’s nationalistic environment of pre-partition days created a style which was essentially swadeshi, ascetic and deeply devoted to scholarship. In words of Sethi, ‘my father imbued me with a strong sense of rectitude, doing things ‘morally right’ and a desire for intellectual achievement. Dr Sethi graduated from Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra in 1949, with honours in Surgery and six other subjects. In 1952, he received his Mastership of Surgery from the same institution. This degree was not recognised by the British authorities and in order to pursue a career at a medical college, it was necessary to become a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. He applied to the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and was selected, due to his outstanding academic record, without repeating his undergraduate examination, as was customary in those days. He received his FRCS in 1954. Upon his return to India, Dr. Sethi joined as lecturer in surgery at the Sawai Man Singh (SMS) medical college, Jaipur. For the next 28 years, he worked in that institution and after retirement in 1982, continued his professional career and research work in another local hospital, the Santokba Durlabhji Memorial Hospital.  
A general surgeon by training, like most of the orthopaedic surgeons of his generation, he was asked to start the department of Orthopaedic Surgery in the local medical school by the then principal of the Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur, India, in 1958. Even though he took Orthopaedics reluctantly, once he consumed himself in its practice, he realised the potential, as well as the limitations of modern Orthopaedics, in relation to the needs and resources of the less developed world. Development of the ‘maintenance free’ and low cost Jaipur foot, using locally available material, technology and skills of local artisans, was an eye-opening experience to him. He saw clearly that the major orthopaedic problems in the developing world are due to infection, deformities, neglected trauma and lack of access to health care facilities, all a sequel of poverty and illiteracy. He soon realised the futility of the majority of expensive, high-tech solutions of orthopaedic problems as suitable only for a small part of the world population, who can afford it. In fact, Sethi realised that not being formally trained as an orthopaedic surgeon was an asset rather than handicap as he was not hampered by the traditional ideas and could think ‘outside the box’.  
During the early stage of his career, he came across a large number of amputees, mainly young people, who had lost their legs as a result of accidents or due to infections; unlike western countries where the majority of amputations were due to peripheral vascular diseases in an elderly population. There were not many limb fitting centres in India in those days and amputees from Jaipur would need to travel to centres such as Pune which were more than 500 miles away, to get the limb fitted. Very few amputees could afford the trip and those who could, would throw away the limbs after some time and revert back to the crutches. It puzzled him but soon he realised that the limbs fitted to them were totally unsuitable for their needs. The western designed limbs made of polymers would not let them sit on the floor, walk barefooted, work in fields, mud and water and would break easily. He analysed that the ‘floor sitting’ life style and culture of a warm country like India was different to the ‘chair sitting’ culture of the colder countries of the western world and the solutions found there would be alien to the problems of Indian amputees. He, therefore, embarked upon designing a suitable prosthesis for Indian amputees and as they say—rest is the history.  
When he made the first technical presentation of the foot, he was advised to call it ‘Sethi Foot’. He refused and instead, named it as ‘Jaipur Foot’ after the name of the city, which remained his karma bhoomi (place of work) throughout his life. Sethi did not patent his invention in spite of the fact that he could have made millions. He knew that this foot was so simple to fabricate that it could be made in any village which had a local artisan, so let everyone who could make, produce it. It would innovate and improve. The sheer number of amputees in India is so large that it needs unconventional solutions. It is because of his innovative approach that Jaipur foot has been fitted to millions of amputees in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Cambodia, Afghanistan and many countries of Africa. A model of Jaipur limb is also on display in the Imperial War Museum, London in the Land Mine section.  
When Sudha Chandran, the south Indian dancer, lost her leg in an accident, she tried various different types of artificial legs but could not dance which she desperately wanted to do. Somebody told her about Jaipur Foot and she came to see Dr Sethi. In the words of Dr Sehti—“when she asked me if I would be able to dance again after using the Jaipur Foot, I simply told her, it all depends upon your determination. Jaipur Foot would definitely help you in that.” As everyone knows she could dance perfectly well after that but Dr Sethi gave all the credit to the her, rather than to the Jaipur Foot. The film Nache Mayoori was her true life story. Dr Sethi once told me as to how the film was conceived. After getting the Jaipur Foot fitted, Sudha Chandran gave her first public performance in Mumbai. She specially invited Dr Sehti for that. Vijay Merchant, the former Indian cricket player and famous philanthropist was sitting besides Dr Sethi. After the performance, everyone was deeply moved. Dr Sethi than suggested to Vijay Merchant that her life story can be very inspiring for many people in India if it is made in a film and shown around. Soon a film was made which also transformed Sudha Chandran from a dancer to an actress.  
There is another aspect of his research, which has largely gone unnoticed. The Jaipur Foot has overshadowed his other research interests and inventions. He worked to provide suitable calipers to polio-affected people since the 1950’s. Polio was and remains the biggest cause of deformities and immobility in India. Similar to the artificial foot, the calipers for polio were unsuitable for the patients, being quite heavy, uncomfortable and expensive. He collaborated with the Indian Institute of Technology Mumbai and the National Chemical Laboratory, Pune to develop polio calipers, which were made of polyurethane and were lighter and cheaper.  
Unfortunately, Dr Sethi died as a disillusioned man in Jaipur, India on January 6, 2008, even though he received all the awards, a doctor in India could dream of, including Dr BC Roy award, Ramon Magsaysay award, Guinness award for scientific achievements, Knud Jansen Medal and Oration and many others. He felt that new generation of doctors in India are being seduced by western ideas, and are simply trying to copy and apply them in India. He was of the firm view that the problems of Indian patients are quite different from their western counterparts and the ‘one size fits all’ concept would not work. He was aghast at the crass commercialisation of medicine, excessive use of drugs and investigations and undue influence of pharmaceutical companies. He often regretted that today’s doctors are so obsessed with technology that they have stopped listening to the patients, and have forgotten the art of communication, an art that plays such an important role in the equation for recovery. His greatest regret was that he has not been able to pass his idealism to the younger generation of Indian doctors.


(The writer is working in the Department of Trauma & Orthopaedics, Kings College Hospital, London and can be contacted at



FAQ: Blu-ray beats HD DVD -- now what?
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 10, 2008


Sony's Blu-ray Beats Toshiba's HD DVD

February 19, 2008 02:26 PM ET |


(Courtesy of Blu-ray Disc Association)

In the fast-changing world of video tech, two years seems an eternity. The question is whether it's a fatal delay for high-definition movies on disk.

Toshiba announced Tuesday that it was abandoning the high-def disk battle, giving the victory to Sony and its Blu-ray format. And Toshiba isn't messing around, saying it would get out of the market by the end of next month. The company sounds as if it just wants to flush out the existing inventory of its loser HD DVD players.

Sony now has a clear field to sell movies and TV shows on disk. But the two-year fight with Toshiba over formats had gummed up the market, forcing studios to choose sides in releasing movies and stalling consumer purchases. Buyers hesitated to end up with a disk version of Betamax, the video format that lost to VHS in the last great format war.

But Sony hardly has a clear field overall. Compared with two years ago, consumers now have a vast array of choices for getting high-def content. New telco systems from Verizon, AT&T, and others are launching with dozens of HD channels. Verizon alone promises 150 in a year or two and 200 eventually. HDTV offerings are also surging on traditional cable and satellite systems, with DirecTV nearing 100 and Comcast running fast to keep up.

And suddenly nipping at the heels of all of those is the Internet, where consumers can now download HD movies and TV shows. The downloads come from nascent services like Apple's iTunes and Vudu that offer only 100 or so titles each. But the studios that produce video entertainment are intrigued by the Internet, which cuts out bulky, balky middlemen like Sony, Wal-Mart, and Comcast.

And so are consumers. Even cable's video-on-demand services have struggled, at least compared with the initial flush of Internet video, writes James L. McQuivey, a market analyst at Forrester Research: "Competition to satisfy consumers' on-demand needs through the Internet has taken off like a rocket."

Blu-ray still has advantages. Consumers like disks—they offer convenience and simplicity. The disk players remain the easiest way to watch a movie, once the disk is in hand. The quality of high-definition video also varies, and Blu-ray disks best any cable, satellite, or Internet version. There simply is no beating the quality of video and audio that can be loaded onto a Blu-ray disk, with its vast storage capacity.

Blu-ray, for example, is now the only place to get the true 1080p resolution, which is the top video quality that can be played back on some TVs. Vudu claims to offer movies in 1080p, but its Internet delivery forces compression that won't match Blu-ray's quality, at least not yet.

But few consumers can see the resolution differences, particularly on sets that are 42 inches and smaller. Even on larger sets, only videophiles might care. High definition in any of its many flavors still impresses most consumers. So it's unclear if a small quality advantage will be enough for Blu-ray to get firmly established in America's living rooms before competitors match its quality. Two years was a long time to lose.

Additional links:

1) FAQ: Blu-ray beats HD DVD -- now what?

The Blu-ray format always offered more capacity over HD DVD


2) Timeline: HD DVD vs. Blu-ray Disc


US Navy shoots down spy satellite
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 10, 2008


US missile hits spy satellite

  • 11:41 21 February 2008
  • news service
  • New Scientist staff and Reuters


The USS Lake Erie launches a Standard Missile-3 at a failed spy satellite on 20 February (Image: US Navy)

A missile fired by a US Navy warship has hit the defunct US spy satellite that was slowly falling to Earth, the Pentagon says. USS Lake Erie fired the missile from the Pacific at about 0326 GMT Thursday (10:26 p.m. EST Wednesday). It had been feared that rough seas would thwart the mission.

The modified SM-3 ballistic missile was fired in an attempt to destroy the satellite's fuel tank. The Pentagon feared that toxic hydrazine inside could be hazardous to human health if the out-of-control satellite, USA 193, fell to Earth.

The Pentagon said it was too soon to know if the tank had been destroyed, but that it would become clear within 24 hours of the launch. A senior military source said that the missile hit the satellite 3 minutes after launch, causing an explosion that probably destroyed the fuel tank.

International concern

Russia and China have expressed concern, with Moscow suggesting the operation could be used as cover to test a new space weapon.

A Chinese state newspaper on Thursday accused Washington of hypocrisy for criticising other countries' space ambitions while rejecting a treaty proposed by China and Russia to ban weapons in space and firing the missile at the satellite.

"The Chinese side is continuing to closely follow the US action, which may influence the security of outer space and may harm other countries," Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Jianchao told a news conference.

Space junk

The missile hit the 2270 kg (5000 lb), bus-sized satellite as it travelled through space at more than 27,400 kph (17,000 mph), the Pentagon said. "Due to the relatively low altitude of the satellite at the time of the engagement, debris will begin to re-enter the earth's atmosphere immediately," it added. "Nearly all of the debris will burn up on reentry within 24-48 hours and the remaining debris should re-enter within 40 days."

Some space experts have questioned the Pentagon's justification for the mission, saying the chances of any part of the satellite causing harm were extremely remote. But Pentagon officials denied suggestions they wanted to destroy the satellite to prevent part of the classified spacecraft from falling into non-US hands.

They also reject accusations from security and space experts that the satellite problem was used as an excuse to test the Pentagon's ability to hit targets in space after an anti-satellite test by China in January 2007 that destroyed an obsolete weather satellite.

US defence officials say their case is different because Washington, unlike Beijing, informed the public and world leaders before shooting the missile. They insisted their only motivation was that the 450 kg (1000 lb) fuel tank could survive largely intact and release toxic gas.

The Pentagon operation used elements of its controversial missile defence system. But officials said that the mission is not a test for the system, adding that hitting a satellite is different from trying to shoot down a missile.

USA 193 was in a decaying orbit 247 km above the Earth. Launched in December 2006 for the National Reconnaissance Office, it stopped communicating within a few hours of reaching orbit.



India needs more chemical engineers
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 09, 2008

“Industrial boom will die if chemical engineers opt out of their field”

Special Correspondent

Expert urges students to venture into teaching and research and development




SOUNDING A WARNING: Ashok Misra, Director, IIT-Bombay (third from right), with international speakers at the inauguration of a symposium in Chennai on Wednesday.

CHENNAI: The Indian industrial and manufacturing boom cannot be sustained if core engineers, especially chemical engineers, do not enter the field they are trained for, according to Ashok Misra, Director, IIT-Bombay.

Addressing students at the technical symposium ‘Chemfluence 2008’ organised by the chemical engineering department of AC Tech in Anna University, Dr. Misra said he had been speaking to Ratan Tata, Mukesh Ambani and other industry leaders with large chemical units who expressed concern about the shortage of engineers. “On the one hand, here is a hall full of chemical engineering students, but if you go to the industry, which is growing right now, they say there is a shortage. I don’t know where they all go—some to IT, some to management… it is imperative that you engineers go to the industry that is hungry for you,” said Dr. Misra, the first chemical engineer to head an IIT.

He said salary trends would also work in their favour. “On behalf of IIT Bombay, I am talking to industry leaders to ensure that engineers are paid as well as software or management professionals. [The industry] is also realising that remuneration has to be on an equal level if they want to attract the best talent.”

Dr. Misra encouraged students to enter teaching and research and development. “Research is the lifeblood of industry. We need more inventions, more innovations…many Indian engineers contribute to the R&D of foreign companies. Why can’t they do the same thing here,” he asked.

Besides meeting the industrial needs, chemical engineers could play an important role in solving many of India’s problems such as providing potable drinking water for all and ensuring food safety. From food and water, to fertilizers, energy, polymers, electronics and the futuristic fields of nanomaterials, chemicals touched every part of modern life, he said.

Apart from contests and workshops spread over the next four days, “Chemfluence” included an international seminar on ‘Chemical Engineering in Emerging Technologies.’ Faculty from institutions in the U.S., the U.K. and Singapore exposed students to the applications of chemical engineering techniques in membrane technology, nanoscience and fuel cell technology.

Shah Rukh Khan at Berlin Film festival
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 09, 2008

The special effects and the advanced technology in Hollywood films fail to woo SRK (Reuters Photo)





Video of Shah Rukh Khan at Berlin Festival on YouTube





SRK not interested in Hollywood


The Holy Way
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 09, 2008

12 Feb 2008, 1714 hrs IST


Hindu monks recite the Bhagvat Gita during a religious conference, in Siliguri. (PTI Photo)

What makes us Rich-People and Attitude
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 03, 2008

In this 17-slide PowerPoint presentation, Michael J Bonnell examines why the rich nations have become rich and poor nations are still poor.

Swiss Car Lets Motorists Drive Underwater
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 03, 2008,2933,330676,00.html



Website of the car company: www.rinspeed.comrinspeed_1.jpg

Fidel Castro steps down in Cuba
Chronicle Editor @ Feb 03, 2008

He has been in power in Cuba since 1959.

View slide-show for his biography:,29307,1655034_1433550,00.html


About ITBHU Chronicle
The ITBHU Chronicle is a monthly publication of ITBHU Global Alumni Association (IBGAA)
Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, UP
Director of the Institute: Dr. K.P. Singh
The Chronicle is published by The Chronicle Team
Editorial Team- Yogesh Upadhaya (Chemical 1977); Anshuman Singh (Electrical 1998);
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Contact us at: chronicle [AT]
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Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University
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