Welcome to the ITBHU Chronicle, May 2009 Edition Alumni World Section.
Alumni Association Update
IT-BHU Global Alumni Association (India) registered
@ May 05, 2009
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We are pleased to announce that we are now registered at Varanasi as IT-BHU GLOBAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION (INDIA). It has been registered as a charitable society under SOCIETIES REGISTRATION ACT, 1860. Registration letter (V-38298 dated May 12) was received from the Registrar of Societies, Uttar Pradesh (Varanasi Office).


 (Copy of Registration Certificate for IT-BHU Global Alumni Association (India)

IT BHU Global Alumni Association (India) has its registered office at IT-BHU, Varanasi.

The initial list of governing body of the organization is as follows:

1) Chairman- Prof. S. N. Upadhyay, Director of IT-BHU, Varanasi

2) Secretary- Prof. Pankaj Chandra (Mining 1983), Director, IIM-Bangalore

3) Treasurer- Nihal Ansari (Mechanical 1982), New Delhi

4) Member-Sanjay Garg, Haryana

5) Member-Shushant Kumar Panda, Mumbai

6) Member-Pratap Mohan, Ahmedabad

7) Member-Madhu Ranjan Kumar, Patna

It is a National Level body whose governing body has to represent at least 7 States to conform to the law of the land. More governing members shall be added later by way of nominations as well as elections. Director of IT-BHU will always be the Chairman of this body.

 Two bank accounts have also been opened with a bank in Varanasi, one for the domestic funds utilization/management & second (FCNR) for foreign fund utilization/management.

 This body has a proper office in the campus, will coordinate all alumni activities in the campus as well as provide support to other IT-BHU alumni bodies. At present the office is near the electronics dept. entrance.

This body will obtain income tax exemption 12A for all income/contributions to this body. This body will also obtain Income Tax approval 80G for exemption of all donations made i.e. amount donated will be tax exempted in the hand of donors. This process would take another 1-2 months.

 This body will also obtain Home Ministry approvals as per Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) for acceptance of foreign funds collected by our counterpart alumni association i.e.  IT-BHU Global Alumni Association incorporated in New Jersey, USA. It will be open for foreign fund deposits ONLY on specific ‘Prior Approvals’ from Home Ministry of India.

We appreciate the efforts made by Prof. S. N. Upadhyay, Nihal Ansari, Madhu Ranjan Kumar, Prof. Pankaj Chandra and others to establish our presence in India as a separate organization. This is required as per law to channelize alumni donations from abroad to India. This will also help us in executing alumni funded projects on campus. Both the organizations (in India and in USA) are legally independent but will co-ordinate with each other by appointing representatives from each other in their governing bodies. The registering of IBGAA (India) will help us launch massive alumni funded projects in near future.


Document Links:

1) Memorandum of Association of IT-BHU global Alumni Association (India)

Memorandum of Association-IBGAA (India).pdf

2) Societies Registration Act, 1960 (part 21 of 1860) SGA.pdf



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Alumni Meet and Reunions
AIBA AGM meet on May 23-report
@ May 06, 2009
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(Report forwarded by Puneet Bindlish (Mining 2002). Email: aiba@itbhuglobal.org; puneet.bindlish@alumni.itbhu.ac.in.)

 The complete report, photos and attachments can also be viewed on our website at:






Here is the message received from AIBA (Association of IT-BHU Alumni)

Dear All:

It was indeed a pleasure to organize the event, which saw huge support from alumni in terms of funds, skills & their valuable time. And the event is getting bigger by each passing year. Many of us couldn't attend the event owing to prior commitments, for their benefit and for giving another opportunity to attendees to relive the nostalgia; we have put together event photos & event report. Earlier we use to hand out statutory reports to all members in the AGM. From this year onwards, they would be shared online, as part of our "Save Paper" initiative. Shortly we would be publishing online copy of souvenir too for everyone's convenience & wider circulation.

Looking forward for your participation in future events as well,

Warm regards

Organizing Team, AIB





 Report: 7th AGM meeting and 3rd Alumni Awards of Excellence

The 7th IT-BHU Alumni AGM was hosted by AIBA (Association of IT-BHU Alumni) and was held at Air Force Auditorium, Subroto Park, New Delhi. The evening witnessed a huge turn up and turned out to be a great evening for those who attended.

The evening started with the rich tradition by honoring the great founder of Banaras Hindu University, Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya ji with a floral tribute followed by lighting of lamp and the BHU Kulgeet. The aura created made everyone feels as if they were attending some event at the BHU Campus!

After a brief welcome address by AIBA President Prof. B.B. Dhar, Mr. Onkar Gupta, Vice-President AIBA spoke about the progress being made globally by IT-BHU alumni. This was followed by the Secretary's report by Mr. Rajeev Gupta and then the Treasurer's report by Mr. Sanjai Sorick. Thereafter Prof. S. N. Upadhyay, Director, IT-BHU updated the gathering on the progress in IIT conversion issue.

Then came a stunning performance by the cultural programme group consisting of ghazal maestro, vocalist & young classical dance prodigies, who enthralled the distinguished gathering of senior government officials, seasoned technocrats, and renowned academicians and alumni members by the mellifluous vocals & scintillating dance performances. The group took the audience on a melodious and memorable musical journey, as they performed some classics from his Indian and contemporary repertoire of melodies. The assembled dignitaries and their families responded enthusiastically by giving the young and talented dancers a standing ovation.

The stage and the evening's proceedings were flawlessly managed by Mr. Pramod Joshi. His shuttle sense of humor made the proceedings more interesting. The cultural programmes were continued in-between and every time the group stunned everyone in the auditorium with their performances.

The star-studded evening witnessed the 3rd Annual Awards of Excellence, 2009 being bestowed upon four of IT-BHU's distinguished alumni. These were:


(Kewal Nohria)

1. Shri Kewal Nohria IT-BHU Alumni Life Time Achievement Award 2009 on him for his outstanding contribution in the field of Technology and Management. Shri Nohria, born in 1932, is a Graduate in Electrical Engineering (1954 batch) from BENCO, Banaras Hindu University. View Citation

Interview with Mr. Kewal Nohria published in June 2008 issue of Chronicle:


(Photo from http://www.itbhuglobal.org/chronicle/archives/2008/06/)


(Satish Kumar Agarwal)

2. Mr. Satish Kumar Agarwal, Chairman & Managing Director, Kamdhenu Ispat Limited. A graduate in Mechanical Engineering from BENCO, Banaras Hindu University View Citation

(Old Photo-taken



(Arbind Kumar)

3. Mr. Arbind Kumar Chairman & Managing Director, National Projects Construction Corporation Limited. Mr. Arbind Kumar, a graduate from Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (Civil 1978) and Post Graduate from IIT, Delhi has distinguished himself when he took over as Chairman & Managing Director of National Project Construction Corporation Limited (NPCC), a Chronically Sick Public Sector Undertaking and turned around the company a profit making one within a short span of one year. View Citation

(Photo taken from http://npcc.gov.in/html/message_3.html)


(Dr. S K Maini)

4. Dr. S.K. Maini Founder, Maini Group was conferred upon with distinguished IT-BHU Alumni Life Time Achievement Award 2009 for his outstanding contribution in the field of Technology and Management. Dr. Maini is a graduate in Mechanical Engineering from BENCO, Banaras Hindu University (1954). View Citation

(Old photo-taken from http://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/dFm-hFhcjlpi8Zl8Ln48Lg)



(Dr. G. N. Qazi)

Dr. G.N. Qazi, Hon'ble Vice Chancellor, Jamia Hamdard University addressed the audience on "Research in Indian medicinal sciences in international perspective"





The Souvenir was released by our esteemed guest along with the recipients of the awards of excellence. The evening ended on a high note, with all attendees enjoying a lavish spread of cocktails and dinner.



About AIBA

The Delhi chapter caters to the NCR (National Capital Region around New Delhi) region and is managed under the aegis of the Association of IT BHU Alumni (AIBA), a not-for-profit society Registered under the Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860, Registration No S44440. Association of IT BHU Alumni (AIBA) is the nodal organization of the alumni of Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University in the region. Our Association is a non-profit organization, and has a wide representation from our alumni senior officials from the government, public, and private sectors, and from various industry fora. The activities of the association centre around our efforts to improve quality of the technical education, viz., institute-industry participation, and alumni participation in education; we also maintain a network of alumni through various events and programs.

More about AIBA... (Office bearers, key facts)

Every year, it undertakes regular events like Annual Awards for outstanding contributions by our Alumni, and Long Service Awards, Networking conclaves, panel discussions apart from liaisoning with MHRD & Institute on various affairs concerning the alma mater. There are certain events for alumni families as well like Annual alumni dinner/picnics etc. You can find more details and past events coverage on this website.

All Annual Event & other statutory Reports:


We are also updating our databases,

For Members: In case you find any discrepancy in the online directory


Please send your updated information to aiba@itbhuglobal.org or fill online at


For Non Members: Become a member:


For SMS Updates, send a text message on ITBHU-AIBA to +919870807070

We would love to keep you posted on our future events and inviting you for the same & look forward to your volunteer support to the organization.



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Alumni News
D. Ramakrishna (branch/year) appointed as Advisor by GAP Miners Pvt. Ltd.
@ May 31, 2009
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GAP Miners Announces Appointment of D. Ramakrishna as Advisor and P. Nagesh as CFO

 Newswire Today - /newswire/ - Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India, 05/10/2009 - Mr. Ramakrishna is an alumnus of IT- BHU, Varanasi and IIM – A. He is the Executive Director of Cartwheel Creative Consultancy, Mumbai. Mr. P. Nagesh is a Chartered Accountant with over 16 years of experience with expertise in finance and accounts.

GAP Miners Pvt. Ltd today welcomes on board Mr. D. Ramakrishna as an Advisor to the company. Mr. Ramakrishna, better known as Ramki in the advertising industry has over 22 years of experience. An alumnus of IT- BHU, Varanasi and IIM, Ahmedabad, he has worked with leading agencies such as Mudra, Fifth Estate, Forefront, Lowe and JWT.

Ramakrishna has handled several prestigious clients and brands such as Reliance, Qualcomm, Godrej, Unilever, Mother’s Recipe, Gini & Jony, Kwality, Henkel, Apple Computers, Sanmar Group, TI Cycles among others. Currently he is the Executive Director of Cartwheel Creative Consultancy, Mumbai, a company that he founded, which has interests in advertising, alternative media, feature and documentary films, and cricket and advertising websites.

Welcoming Ramakrishna to the company, Rama Raju the CEO of GAP Miners said, ‘We at Gap Miners are really looking forward to having someone as accomplished and experienced as Ramakrishna with us, specially since we have some exciting growth plans lined up this year. Ramki’s rich and diverse experience in the advertising and retail arena would add immeasurable value to us. He is well known for his out of the box thinking and creative solutions with a great network.'

GAP Miners Pvt. Ltd also welcomes on board Mr. P. Nagesh as CFO to the company. Nagesh is a CA with over 16 years of functional expertise in Finance and Accounts. During his long and meritorious career he has worked in various sectors ranging from plastics to pharmaceuticals. His last assignment was with a multi billion dollar conglomerate Alghanim Industries in Kuwait. Prior to that he worked with Moldtek Plastics Ltd, Ballarpur Industries Ltd and Dr. Reddy’s Labs in India. During his 11 year stint with global pharma giant Dr. Reddy’s Labs, he played a key part in the company’s growth plans including its ADS issue and NYSE listing in 2001-02. Rama Raju, the CEO of GAP Miners said - ‘Nagesh not only brings wide ranging knowledge in compliance, reporting and technology to the company but opens up tremendous opportunities for growth with his fund raising abilities and his commitment to excellence and innovation. It is the perfect time for us since we have plans to grow several fold this year with new products, new tie-ups and new locations.’


About Desiraju Ramakrishna (from GAP Miners website)

D. Ramakrishna is a highly qualified and richly experienced professional in the advertising industry. An alumni from BHU, Varanasi and IIM, Ahmedabad, with experience spanning over 22 years in the advertising business, he has worked with leading agencies such as Mudra, Fifth Estate, Forefront, Lowe and JWT. During his long career Ramakrishna has handled some prestigious accounts such as Reliance, Qualcomm, Godrej, Unilever, Mother’s Recipe, Gini & Jony, Kwality, Henkel, Apple Computers, Sanmar Group, TI Cycles among others. Currently Ramakrishna is the Executive Director of Cartwheel Creative Consultancy, Mumbai, an agency that deals with advertising, entertainment, feature films, documentary films, cricket, publishing etc. With his rich and diverse experience in the advertising and retail areas, Ramakrishna would add immense value to us in his capacity as an advisor to GAP Miners.

About GAP Miners

GAP Miners is a startup company that aspires to use technology to fulfill GAPs in the online market and make a big difference to the world. Promoted by three successful engineering graduates with management degrees and experience, GAP Miners has identified three offerings in the online space – UPto75.com and NoMoreQueue.com - an online retail marketing site and ticketing portals for movies and buses. The top management has strengths in technology, marketing and online space and uses these strengths to complement one another. To know more about GAP Miners, please visit GAPMiners.com, UPto75.com and NoMoreQueue.com/.


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R Balasubramaniam (Metallurgy 1984) researches on corrosion of Indian rails
@ May 24, 2009
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(Chronicle Note: Prof. Bala is professor at IIT-Kanpur in the Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering. He has studied the 1,600 year old famous Iron Pillar at New Delhi extensively and published many books. He is now contacted by an Italian documentary film-maker to advice on the Iron Pillar.)

Prof. Bala can be contacted at: bala@iitk.ac.in

New alloy to save Indian rails from toilet corrosion


Friday, May 8, 2009: 1510 Hrs


    (Prof. R Balasubramaniam)

Bangalore (IANS): A new alloy steel developed at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (IIT-K) has provided the answer to one of the major problems faced by the Indian railway system - corrosion of rails by toilet discharge.

Indian Railways is the second largest railroad in the world under a single management, running more than 11,000 trains every day, 7,000 of which are for passengers. The network comprises 108,706 km and ferries 14 million passengers daily from 6,853 stations across the length and breadth of the country.

The stuff leaving the toilets of speeding trains in the form of fine spray corrodes the rails, says R. Balasubramaniam, professor of materials science at IIT-K. "It is a unique problem faced in India where long distance trains are quite common. Longer travel times invariably result in greater use of toilets and, in turn, more corrosion."

"Rail corrosion is a major problem especially along the salt-laden sea coasts," admits H.S. Pannu, director-general of the railways' Lucknow-based Research Designs and Standards Organisation (RDSO). Environmental corrosion combined with "toilet corrosion" shortens the life of rails and according to the railways, nearly Rs.4.4 billion ($89 million) is spent annually on replacement of rails withdrawn prematurely due to corrosion.

The solution to the problem is now at hand thanks to the new corrosion resistant rail steel developed by a team led by Balasubramaniam of IIT-K in collaboration with RDSO and the Steel Authority of India (SAIL).

While atmospheric corrosion of rails may not endanger safety, "crevice corrosion", taking place under the liners of the rail fastening system - and hence not visible from outside - is particularly worrisome, Balasubramaniam told IANS. "Crevice corrosion is accelerated in the presence of chloride ions near sea coasts as well as in discharge from the toilets of passenger trains."

The rails currently in use are high carbon steels containing about 0.7 to 0.8 percent carbon and 1.0 percent manganese. "The presence of high amount of iron carbide also called 'cementite' renders these rails susceptible to corrosion," he explained.

The railways' own efforts to combat crevice corrosion by trying out different types of coatings in field trials failed to work. Extensive trials at a corrosion-prone location near Visakhapatnam showed that even four coats of epoxy could not stop crevice corrosion. Zinc coating was found effective but expensive. "So we decided to tackle this problem through alloy chemistry," Balasubramaniam said.

A clue for developing the new rail steel came from Balasubramaniam's earlier research with the 1,600-year-old Iron Pillar of Delhi. The research showed that the pillar's excellent resistance to atmospheric corrosion was due to presence of traces of phosphorus in the iron that catalysed the formation of a "protective" layer on the steel surface.

Extrapolating the idea, the researchers reasoned that the corrosion rate in the rails could be markedly lowered by micro-alloying the steel with small amounts (0.1 to 1.0 percent) of copper, silicon, nickel and chromium in certain combinations. And they turned out to be right.

The IIT-K group was however not the first to think of alloy chemistry to attack rail corrosion. There were efforts earlier by SAIL to develop a corrosion-resistant rail that used copper and molybdenum as alloying additions. Again, the high cost of molybdenum was an issue.

The aim of IIT-K scientists was to reduce the cost of the rail. So, in their new rail chemistry, they deliberately kept higher levels of chromium and copper alloying elements that are relatively cheap. "We found the alloy containing copper and chromium along with a small amount of nickel gave the best results and this was recommended to the railways," Balasubramaniam said.

The new rail's superior corrosion resistance as compared to the standard carbon-manganese rails has been confirmed in laboratory trials. The evaluation was made using several different types of tests - long term and short term, from simple immersion to complex electrochemical tests, and testing in a simulated environment corrosion chamber. The chromium-copper-nickel rail composition has since been incorporated in the Indian Rail Standard specification.

"We are happy with the laboratory results of the new corrosion resistant rail," Pannu told IANS. He said the railways have ordered a substantial number of the new rails from SAIL's Bhilai Steel Plant for large-scale field trials along the coast. If these trials showed promise, he said, the railways may switch over to the new rails. "Our calculations show use of the new rails will be economical in the long run."


Education of Prof. R. Balasubramaniam

*B. Tech. in Metallurgical Engineering from Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (1984, Gold Medal)

*Ph. D. in Materials Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York (1990)


Additional links:

Home page of Prof. Balasubramaniam IIT-Kanpur website


Interview of Prof. Bala in Chronicle November 2007 issue



Technical Paper- Research on Indian rail corrosion by Prof. R. Bala


Bt Prof. R Balasubramaniam. Email: bala@iitk.ac.in

Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208 016.


551-indian rails.png


(Indian rails)


Large funds are invested to upgrade and maintain railway track systems in India because of their importance in the transportation system of the country. One of the significant aspects of railway track maintenance is the detection of corrosion of rails and the replacement of corroded rails. Corrosion of rails causes huge economic loss because of frequent rail replacements. Further, rail failures due to corrosion affect the safety of commuters and disturb normal traffic.

The economic cost due to corrosion of rails is very significant. The rails have a life of 800 gross million tons, which works to approximately 12-13 years under normal traffic conditions in India. Corrosion reduces the life of rail to nearly half its expected life. The annual loss due to pre-replacement of corroded rails is significant (about Rs. 440 crores).

A detailed alloy development activity was undertaken as a academia-industry-user (IIT Kanpur – Steel Authority of India – Indian Railways) collaborative research program, to invent a novel rail steel of relatively improved corrosion performance than the standard rail steel currently in use. The team members consisted of (Dr.) Bijayani Panda, Shruti Tiwari, Gopal Dwivedi, Abhijeet Moon, (Dr.) Sujata Mahapatra, (Dr.) A.C. Vajpei of IIT Kanpur, A.K. Manuwal of Research Designs and Standards Organization, Indian Railways, Lucknow, (Dr.) A. Bhattacharrya and K. Srikanth of Research and Development Centre for Iron and Steel, Steel Authority of India, Ranchi, and R.K. Rathi of Steel Melting Shop and Research Control Laboratory, Bhilai Steel Plant, Bhilai. Some highlights of the work will be given in this report after providing a background to the rail system in India and the causes for corrosion in case of Indian rails.

Rail System in India

Indian Railways is the second largest railroad in the world under a single management, running more than 11,000 trains every day, 7,000 of which are for passengers. The network comprises 108,706 km and ferries 14 million passengers daily from 6,853 stations across the length and breadth of the country. The number of people traveling in trains in India is almost equal to populations of several countries in the world!

The most important component of the rail system is the rail. The standard length of rail in India is 13 m although 26m-long rails are also used at some locations. The rails are welded by aluminothermic welding process. The latest trend is manufacture of longer rails, for which the largest manufacturer of rails in India, the Bhilai Steel Plant of the Steel Authority of India (SAIL), has recently commissioned a long rail unit capable of producing rails of total length 130m (and 260m) by flash butt welding. The normal rails are made of steel containing 0.7-0.7% carbon (C) and 1% manganese (Mn), which will be called as C-Mn rail steel. From a strength perspective (ultimate tensile strength of 880 MPa or 90 kg/mm2), the C-Mn rail is popularly known as 90 UTS rail or Grade 880 rail.

The second component of the rail track is the pre reinforced concrete sleeper. The heavier weight of concrete sleepers provides more stability to the entire track structure. A grooved rubber pad is placed between the rail and the sleeper and this pad provides insulation, absorbs vibrations and impact, and also increases the coefficient of friction between the rail and the sleeper.

The third component is the rail fastening system that is used to fasten the rails to the sleepers. Modern fasteners are elastic fastenings which allow for dampening of the vibrations. The rails are clamped on to the sleepers using the fastening system, which is illustrated in the schematic of Fig. 1. Anyone who has traveled in Indian Railways would have noticed this (see Fig. 2). A cast iron insert is cast inside the sleeper. The leg of an elastic rail clip (ERC) is then inserted in the cast iron insert. This ERC keeps the rail anchored to the sleeper by applying load on the foot of the rail. It does not directly touch the rail, but on a liner. The liner prevents the rail foot from getting damaged due to impact from the elastic rail clip. The liners used by Indian Railways are either made of mild steel or glass filled nylon. The nylon liner is increasingly being used by Indian Railways because, apart from the normal requirements, it also provides insulation of the electrified rails. The important location between the liner and rail foot is prone to a dangerous form of localized corrosion known as crevice corrosion. It is important to understand the forms of corrosion that affect rails and the causes.

Form of Corrosion in Indian Rails

Corrosion can be defined as degradation of an engineering material (generally, metals) due to an electrochemical reaction with the environment. Generally, there are different forms of corrosion and it is important to understand the type of corrosion so that suitable preventive measures can be taken.

The most common form of corrosion of rails is atmospheric corrosion. The residence time of moisture on the surface, and the frequency of wetting and drying determine the severity of atmospheric corrosion. Corrosion will be more severe for longer moisture residence time and more frequent wetting and drying. The “good” feature of atmospheric corrosion is that the resulting corrosion is generally uniform in nature. Atmospheric corrosion of rails does not really pose a safety problem. However, economic loss due to corrosion is still an issue since one would like to delay rail replacement as much as possible. Pollutants and contaminants in the environment dictate the severity of atmospheric corrosion. Uniform corrosion will be aggravated in the presence of chloride ions because they destabilize the protective rusts on the surface. For this reason, rails laid near coastal regions are more prone to atmospheric corrosion, warranting more frequent replacement than rails in a dry climate.

Of far more importance, from both economic and safety perspectives, is the enhanced corrosion that takes place at certain localized locations (generally termed localized corrosion). There are two origins for localized corrosion in Indian rails.

The first cause of localized corrosion is due to leakage of current in electrified railway systems. Intense corrosion attack takes place at the location where the electrons leave (or positive current enters) the track. This is known as stray current corrosion. This can be usually solved by proper design of the railway electrification system. Therefore, this problem is related more to design than material aspects.

The second problem is localized corrosion under the liners, leading to thinning of rail foot under the liners. The end result is premature failure of the rails, which is a great safety concern because this is a major cause of rail failure. Intense corrosion takes place that these locations (i.e. under the liner) due to collection of moisture from the atmosphere and discharge from the open lavatories of the Indian coaches. The second reason is quite unique to India. Long distance trains are quite common in India. Therefore, longer travel times invariably result in discharge from lavatories. The discharge only affects the rail foot locations facing the inside of the track (called guage side) and not the locations on the non-guage side. Figure 3 shows a typical rail foot region, below the metal liner, affected by this form of corrosion. The various components that make up the rail fastening system can also be seen.

The form of corrosion that is noted below the metal liner is commonly referred to as crevice corrosion. A crevice is defined as any location in the system where the access to the corrosive environment is restricted. This creates oxygen concentration cells. The region where oxygen is depleted (i.e. inside the crevice) becomes anodic with respect to the rest of the exposed material. This leads to intense attack at the crevice location because the electrons demanded from the large cathodic area outside the crevice is supported by electrons supplied from the small anodic area within the crevice by the anodic corrosion reaction of metal converting to metal ions. The process is autocatalytic and more importantly, the attack is not easily visible to the naked eye. Crevice corrosion is accelerated in the presence of chloride ions, which are present in environments near sea coasts as well as in discharge from the toilets of passenger trains.

Combating Corrosion

Corrosion of rails is one of the major causes for early replacement of rails in India and therefore, it needs to be combated. Corrosion prevention methods are required for the two forms of corrosion (described above) that affect Indian rails.

There is really no ready-made solution for atmospheric corrosion (one cannot modify the prevailing atmosphere!) and therefore the rails in corrosion-prone locations, like near the sea coast, are replaced more frequently than rails in dry locations.

Combating crevice corrosion at the liner location is trickier. In the case of in-service rails, the location underneath the liner must be prevented from coming into contact with the environment. The simple corrosion control philosophy, in this case, will be to apply a protective coating on the surface so that the environment will not flow into the crevice. With this aim, extensive field trials were conducted by Indian Railways at a corrosion-prone location near Vishakapatnam to check the efficacy of different coatings. Polymeric coatings were not effective due to their degradation in the atmospheric environment. The crevice corrosion noted in Figure 3 is an example when four coats of epoxy were applied at the liner location. The localized corrosion is still severe.

The field trials further revealed that the best performance was noted in the case of rails that were coated with zinc. Coating with zinc is commercially termed as galvanizing. Protection is offered by the zinc coating by acting as a barrier and as a sacrificial anode (cathodic protection). Therefore, coating the rail foot with zinc coating may be an effective method to combat crevice corrosion at this location. This, of course, is a costly option. There are two ways to coat the susceptible rail foot location with zinc. The first method is to selectively coat the locations where the liners will make contact, by using cold sprayed zinc coatings. This can be done quite easily in the field with minimum heavy-duty equipment, unlike the case for hot sprayed zinc coatings. However, this may lead to problems in actual implementation as it would involve enormous co-ordination men and material at the ground level, with its own attendant administrative problems. Therefore, a better option would be to locate the zinc coating unit such that rail foot location is coated at the place where rails are handled in large quantities. Coating the rail with zinc as soon as it leaves the rolling mill at the rail manufacturing site is one option. However, the rails have to be welded and therefore there would be disruption in the zinc coating at the weld locations. With this in mind, it is possible to envisage that zinc coating can be performed when the rail leaves the welding plant. Further, it would be more economical to coat only the rail foot of rails using hot spraying method rather than hot dip galvanizing. A major advantage of coating zinc by hot spraying is that only the rail foot location needs to be coated and not the entire rail.

A different way of approaching this problem is by developing corrosion resistant rails of new chemistry that will resist corrosion better than rail steel currently in use. It is clear at the outset that the term “corrosion resistant” does not imply that there will be no corrosion. If that is required, then one has to go for rails made of made of extremely costly and expensive materials like stainless steel. The meaning of the term “corrosion resistant” in this case is that corrosion will be delayed and in this way, the life of rails can be extended.

Development of Novel Rail Compositions

Alloy development of new rail steel to resist corrosion is confirmed to be a viable alternative. The effect of minor amounts of alloying elements on corrosion of steel is known and there are only a few elements that can be added to steel to improve its resistance to corrosion, like Cr, Ni, Cu, Si, Mo, P, etc. It is also well known that even small amounts of alloying additions can drastically alter and affect corrosion resistance, like in the case of phosphorus content in the Delhi Iron Pillar [1].

Given the resistance to localized corrosion offered by Mo, a novel rail steel, which was microalloyed with Cu and Mo additions, was developed by SAIL some time ago. The typical composition of Cu-Mo steel is 0.69C-0.24Cu- 0.18Mo. This rail steel did show promise in field trials, but the high cost of Mo in the Cu-Mo rail steels was an economic disadvantage.

In developing the new rail steel, it was important to keep the price of alloying element in mind. In this regard, chromium and copper are cheap as well as abundant. Trial experiments were conducted on different combinations of minor alloying elements were added to determine the synergistic effect of these elements on the corrosion behavior of rail steel. The philosophy of arriving at these chemical compositions has been discussed elsewhere [2]. It was important to add the optimum amount of these microalloying elements such that they remain in solid solution and provide corrosion resistance. At the same time, the effect of these alloying additions on the mechanical properties and processing of rails had also to be considered in the design of compositions.

Trial rail steel plates of several different compositions were processed at Research and Development Centre for Iron and Steel, Steel Authority of India, Ranchi using the same rolling parameters as used in the processing of rails at Bhilai Steel Plant.

A wide variety of tests were performed to assess the performance of the novel rail compositions, in particular the localized corrosion resistance. It was noted that all the novel compositions exhibited a pearlitic structure and that most of them possessed the required mechanical properties as per the IRS-T-12 specification [3]. The corrosion behavior of the rail samples were evaluated in a wide variety of environment using a host of techniques like liner polarization method, Tafel extrapolation method, potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. In acidic and near neutral conditions, the rates of corrosion of all the alloys were similar [4] and therefore one could not judge the effectiveness of the alloying addition. In order to differentiate between the alloys, samples were subjected to alternate wetting and drying and the surface layers forming on these alloys were evaluated by impedance spectroscopy. It was revealed in these studies that the alloy containing Cr, Cu and Ni [5]. In addition, fretting wear studies also indicated superior resistance of this composition compared to other compositions [6]. In view of the improved corrosion performance, the rail steel containing microalloying additions of 0.60% chromium, 0.40% copper and 0.20% nickel was recommended for trial rail manufacture.

Based on the recommendation, 120 tons of 0.60Cr-0.40Cu-0.20Ni rails were processed at Bhilai Steel Plant in June 2007 and 50 tons were welded and laid over a 0.5 km track in the Vijayawada-Gudur section. Another 500 tons of these rails were also processed and laid in East Coast Railways. Recently, in April 2009, Indian Railways has ordered a substantial amount (10000 tons) of the new rail steel for more detailed field studies spread over a larger region. Further, the Cr-Cu-Ni rail composition has been incorporated in the Indian rail standard IRS-T12 specification, recently. Long term testing of rails in a simulated environment corrosion chamber has confirmed the superior corrosion resistance of the Cr-Cu-Ni rail. It is anticipated that the use of these novel rails will result in enormous cost savings for India as well as lead to improved rail safety.


[1]           R. Balasubramaniam, On the corrosion resistance of the Delhi Iron Pillar, Corrosion Science, 2000, 42, 2103-2129.

[2]           B. Panda, On the Corrosion of Novel Rail Steels, PhD Thesis, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, 2008.

[3]           B. Panda, R. Balasubramaniam and A.P. Moon, Microstructure and mechanical properties of novel rail steels, Materials Science and Technology, 2009, accepted.

[4]          B. Panda, R. Balasubramaniam, G. Dwivedi and S. Mahapatra, Corrosion of novel rail steels in 3.5% NaCl solution,            Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 2008, 61, 177-181.

[5]          B. Panda, R. Balasubramaniam and G. Dwivedi, On the corrosion behaviour of novel high carbon rail steels in simulated cyclic wet-dry salt fog conditions, Corrosion Science, 2008, 50, 1684–1692

[6]          B. Panda, R. Balasubramaniam and S. Mahapatra, Fretting wear behaviour of novel rail steels, unpublished research, 2008.



Figure 1: Schematic of rail fastening system used in the Indian Railways


Figure 2: Photograph of the rail fastening system.



Figure 3: Crevice corrosion can be noted at the location underneath the metal liner in C-Mn rail coated with four coats of epoxy paint. The metal liner and the elastic rail clip have been removed and can also be seen in this figure.


ecent photo taken at Konarak when I went to study the iron beams there in early April 2009





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Pankaj Batra (Electrical 1981) joins as Chief (Engineering) with Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC)
@ May 24, 2009
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(Forwarded by Avinash M. Pavgi, Electrical 1984. Email: avinash.pavgi@gmail.com)

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           (Pankaj Batra)

Shri Pankaj Batra, graduated from Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, in the year 1981, doing B. Tech in Electrical Engineering.  He gave the Combined Engineering Services Examination conducted by UPSC in 1981.  In the meantime, he first joined M. Tech in IIT, Bombay, for three months and later joined Bajaj Electricals Ltd in Bombay as Development Officer.  Based on the results of the Combined Engineering Services Examination, he was selected in the Central Power Engineering Service and posted to Central Electricity Authority in 1983.  He joined the CEA in April, 1983 and was posted in the Western Regional Electricity Board (WREB) in Bombay.  He worked in the Western Regional Load Despatch Centre (WRLDC) under the WREB for about 4 years, and later in the Operation Division, preparing various technical reports on Western Regional Gird operations.  He was further posted in the Commercial Division of WREB, wherein he dealt with various commercial matters including Bulk Power Supply Agreement (BPSA) of NTPC, global energy accounting, wheeling charges, outstanding dues of State Electricity Boards etc.   He prepared the computer programme for the first frequency-linked tariff in the Western Region for sharing of Tarapur and Pench power, which later formed the basis of Unscheduled Interchange (UI) charges under the Availability Based Tariff (ABT) . 

He was deputed by Govt of India to Chukha Hydro Power Corporation in Bhutan in August, 1991. He joined as Executive Engineer (Operations), responsible for operation of the Power House, Switchyard and Dam.  He also later worked as Executive Engineer (Transmission), where he was responsible for operation and maintenance of transmission and distribution system of Bhutan and also erection of the first 220 kV station in Bhutan at Thimphu. 

He returned from deputation in January, 1996 and was posted to the Headquarters of CEA in New Delhi in Grid Management Division.  He worked there in various functions including monitoring of North Eastern, Southern and Eastern Grids relating to grid discipline, preparation of the State-wise All-India Power Supply Position, Load Generation Balance Report on all-India basis, analysis of grid disturbances, Indian Electricity Grid Code (IEGC), Availability Based Tariff (ABT), Open Access, Power Exchange, etc.  He framed the regulations on Technical Standards for Connectivity to the Grid, which are in force since March, 2007.  He was also involved in formulation and finalisation of regulations on Grid Standards, which are expected to be published shortly. 

He recently joined as Chief (Engineering) in Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) on 21.04.2009 on deputation basis.  CERC is responsible for regulation of inter-state flow of power, and issuing all regulations in this regard, including those dealing with Open Access, IEGC, ABT, UI charges, fixing of tariff of inter-state generating stations and inter-state transmission systems in addition to many other functions.  

Pankaj Batra can be contacted at : pan_batra@yahoo.co.in 


Additional links;

1) Central Electricity Regulatory Commission, India



About Central Electricity Regulatory Commission:



As entrusted by the Electricity Act, 2003 the Commission has the responsibility to discharge the following functions:-

Mandatory Functions:-

(a)                  to regulate the tariff of generating companies  owned or controlled by the Central Government;

(b)                  to regulate the tariff of generating companies  other than those owned or controlled by the Central Government specified in clause (a), if such generating companies enter into or otherwise have a composite scheme for generation and sale of electricity in more than one State;

(c)                   to regulate the inter-State transmission  of electricity ;

(d)                  to  determine  tariff  for inter-State  transmission  of  electricity;

(e)                  to issue licenses  to persons to function as   transmission licensee and  electricity trader   with respect to their inter-State operations. 

(f)                   to adjudicate upon disputes involving generating companies or transmission  licensee  in regard to matters connected with clauses (a) to (d) above and to  refer any dispute for  arbitration;

(g)                  to levy fees for the purposes of the Act;

(h)                  to specify Grid Code having regard to Grid Standards;

(i)                    to specify and  enforce  the standards with respect  to quality, continuity  and reliability of  service by licensees.

(j)                    to fix the trading margin in the inter-State trading of electricity, if considered, necessary;

(k)                  to discharge such other functions as may be assigned under the Act.

Advisory Functions:-

(i)                    formulation of National electricity  Policy and tariff policy;

(ii)                  promotion  of competition, efficiency and economy in the activities of the electricity industry;

(iii)                 promotion  of investment in electricity industry;

(iv)                 any other matter referred to the Central Commission by the Central Government.


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Bhanu Bhushan (Electrical 1966) retires from Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC)
@ May 24, 2009
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(Forwarded by Avinash M. Pavgi, Electrical 1984. Email: avinash.pavgi@gmail.com)

553-Bhanu Bhusan.png

(Bhanu Bhushan)

Mr. Bhanu Bhushan retired from Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC). Mr. Bhanu Bhushan, Member, CERC retired this February, having served the commission for five years (from Feb 2004 to Feb 2009). Mr. Bhanu Bhushan served in various capacities in NTPC and also as Director (Operations) in POWERGRID before joining the Commission. He had an illustrious career and played pioneering role in bringing the Availability Based Tariff regime, which brought a major change in the Power System Operations in our country. 

Mr. Bhanu Bhushan graduated in 1966 from the Dept. of Electrical Engineering and topped not only his class but also the UPSC Engineering Services.

Bhanu Bhushan can be contacted at: bhanubhu@del3.vsnl.net.in 


Additional links;

1) Central Electricity Regulatory Commission, India



2) ABC of ABT-A primer on availability of Tariff-By Bhanu Bhushan

Availability Based Tariff and Its Role in the Emerging Market Environment


(Click on Bhanu Bhushan)

2) Bio-data of Shri Bhanu Bhushan Member, CERC on official website


(Click on Bhanu Bhushan)

Shri Bhanu Bhushan graduated in Electrical Engineering from B.H.U. in 1966. He served in Renusagar Power Company, Central Water and Power Commission, BHEL, Design, NTPC and Power Grid. As Director (Operations) in Power Grid, he was responsible for operation of Regional Load Despatch Centres and implementation of Availability Tariff.

He is Member, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission since February 2004. He was conferred with the Lifetime Achievement Award for Excellence in Utility Management and Contributions in the field of Power Systems by the Electrical Engineering Department, IIT, Madras during the 13th National Power Systems Conference, 2004 held on December 28, 2004.


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Narsi Narasimhan (Mechanical 1984) among most influential 25 Asian-Americans in Georgia state, USA.
@ May 24, 2009
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Four Indians among ‘25 Most Influential Asian Americans in Georgia’


Narsi Narasimhan (above)

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Award ceremony: The Home Depot celebrates Asian American Heritage Month by partnering with GAT in recognizing the 25 Most Influential Asian Americans in Georgia on May 6. More >> Photos by Minh Doan.

By Ravi R. Ponangi

Atlanta, GA: In conjunction with the Asian American Heritage month celebration in May, Georgia Asian Times and The Home Depot co-sponsored an award presentation to recognize the "25 Most Influential Asian Americans in Georgia" on May 6 at the Home Depot Store Support Center.

Shiv Aggarwal of Global Mall, Narsi Narasimhan, Chairman of Georgia Indo-American Chamber of Commerce, Dr. P.V. Rao, professor of Emory University, and Vijay Vemula-palli of Vibha Inc., were Indian awardees among "25 Most Influential Asian Americans in Georgia."

Shiv Aggarwal is currently realizing a vision of creating North America’s first Indian indoor mall (Global Mall). He says Global Mall has a two-in-one purpose — "a shopping mall and a community hub." Aggarwal chairs the Board of Gwinnet’s village Community Improvement District, which raises money for increased police protection and landscaping in the area.

Narsi Narasimhan, is the co-founder and the CEO of Paalam Inc. He is well known in the community and founder of IPN, an informal networking group around metro Atlanta. He is current the chairman of Georgia Indo American Chamber of Commerce.

Dr. P.V. Rao is a professor of nuclear physics in Emory University. He is one of the popular figures of Atlanta’s Indian community. Dr. Rao has rendered dedicated service of four decades to the cause of the Indian community in America and has exhibited extraordinary versatility in handling different skills and tasks with great success. Currently vice president of Faith Alliance of Metro Atlanta, an organization actively building bridges between various religious communities of metro Atlanta.

Vijay Vemulapalli is well known as a leader in the Indian non-profit community in Atlanta. For the past 15 years, he has been leading Vibha, a national voluntary organization with more than 15 centers in US, raising awareness and funds for under privileged children of India and the US. He is currently the secretary and a member of the board of Vibha.

The Home Depot hosted a luncheon reception in honor of Georgia’s Asian American community leaders and businesses on the same day. Chairman & CEO Frank Blake hosted an exclusive reception in honor of the 25 award winners.

"The Home Depot is proud to be a part of the effort to honor these individuals for their accomplishments and contributions to the community," said Lynn Wong, team leader of Asian Affinity Group at the Home Depot.

Over 200 community leaders from the diverse Asian Pacific community participated in the luncheon and award presentation. Consuls of Japan, Korea, and Taiwan were also present at the event.

Frank Bifulco, chief marketing officer of the Home Depot, gave the keynote ad-dress at the awards presentation. In his presentation, Bifulco stated that the Home Depot was working towards meeting Asian consumers shopping needs and experience. This year’s 25 nominees were selected by a committee comprises of Asian journalists based in Georgia. Ravi R. Ponangi of Indian Tribune, Sunny Kim of Korea Times, Yom Razak of Georgia Asian Times and Peter Yeh of World Journal started the selection process in December 2008.

"This year’s award winners represent over 20 different ethnic Asian communities in Georgia and these individuals have provided positive contribution to the community, while enhancing the Asian image overall," said Li Wong, publisher of Georgia Asian Times while introducing the 25 award winners.

Bob Danville, chief of Global Sourcing for the Home Depot, presented a crystal plaque to each of this year’s award winners.

Narsi Narasimhan can be contacted at: narsi@paalam.com


 Additional Links

1) Home page of Narsi Narasimhan


2) Paalam, Inc.



3) Georgia Asian Times



554-asia times.png


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Ram Charan (Mechanical 1959) is # 169 in Time's list for the world's most influential persons
@ May 24, 2009
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Moot world's most influential; Sonia, Tata in top 100: Time

27 Apr 2009, 1804 hrs IST, PTI


NEW YORK: Pipping the likes of US President Barack Obama and Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama, founder of 4chan.Org, an online community, Christopher Poole, better known as Moot, has emerged as Time magazine's most influential person in the world.

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         (Ram Charan)

Surprisingly, Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud is the fourth most influential person in the list of world's 100 most influential people.

Three Indians -- Congress party President Sonia Gandhi, movie mogul Ronnie Screwvala, the brain behind world's cheapest car Nano Ratan Tata -- also feature in the list.

Obama is ranked 37, while Dalai Lama is placed at 61st. The website of Moot is popular for posting images and for online discussions.

Besides the three in top 100, business tycoon Mukesh Ambani (146), figures in the extended list of 203 influential people. Besides, the three India-origin people-- public face for Washington's Troubled Asset Relief Programme Neel Kashkari (162), cola queen Indra Nooyi (165) and Harvard-educated management consultant Ram Charan (169)-- also feature in the list.

The results of the Time's poll are published online. Malaysian politician Anwar Ibrahim has corned the second place in the top 100, followed by evangelist Rick Warren (3rd), and Internet search giant Google's Larry Brilliant (5). 


Additional Link:

1) The 2009 TIME 100 -The World's Most Influential People



Home Page of Ram Charan



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Manu Bhatia (Metallurgy 1965?) delivered seminar at Drexel University, Pennsylvania
@ May 24, 2009
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MSE Seminar: Dr. Manu Bhatia, Former Deputy Head of The Indian Defence Metallurgical Lab

When: 5/1/2009 11:00:00 AM

Where: MSE Conference Room, LeBow 348

Department of Materials Science and Engineering Seminar

11:00 AM, Friday, May 1

MSE Conference Room (LeBow 348)

“The partial magnetic moments and volumes, and their correlation”

ML Bhatia, Visiting scientist, Defence Metallurgical Laboratory, Hyderabad, India

The condensed matter scientists routinely use tangent construction with free energy/atom (chemical potential) as an extensive thermodynamic function in two-phase binary systems. Its use yields the equilibrium values of concentration between the two phases under consideration.  However, its use in single-phase systems is not often resorted to, even though as we show that it can give valuable information regarding the partial values of some properties of the single phase that change with composition.

The so called Slater-Pauling (S-P) curve shows relation between saturation magnetic moment and electron concentration (e/a ratio) observed in solid solutions of 3d transition elements. The S-P curve shows a distinct peak in the Fe-Co system at e/a value of ~ 8.3, values of magnetic moment showing positive slope at lower values and a negative slope at higher values.

In this presentation we treat magnetic moment as an extensive thermodynamic variable in view of the fact that it scales with magnetic potential energy. With this assumption values of partial magnetic moments on the individual atoms have been calculated using the tangent construction across the Fe-Co phase diagram. The values so obtained show excellent agreement with the values inferred from neutron scattering at higher concentration of Co, there being serious disagreement at lower concentrations. 

The values of partial moments have also been calculated from values of partial volumes in this system, using an empirical relation (due to Schlosser) between volume and moments. Excellent agreement between the moments calculated by tangent construction on two different variables gives us confidence in our approach. Actually we can predict the S-P curve using atomic volume concentration curve (lattice parameter data) along with the Schlosser relation.

In addition, we demonstrate the power of tangent construction by using it on electronic specific heat and discuss the possibility of correlation with volume, magnetic moments and density of states in the Fe-Co system.

ML Bhatia started his career in Metallurgy in 1961 at the Indian Institute of Science.  After graduation in 1963 with a Bachelor of Engineering, he went straight to BHU to work on his Masters in Science and then onto Sussex University in 1965 to achieve his PhD.  Upon his graduation in 1969 he worked at the National Aeronautical Laboratory in Bangalore as a Research Scientist.  In 1975, Bhatia started working for the Defense Metallurgical Research Laboratory in Hyderabad.

Upon joining DMRL, Bhatia’s prime responsibility was the development of technology for complex hollow turbine blades, integral rotors and stators by investment casting, Directional Solidification, and single crystal processes.  As Associate Director of DMRL, he was responsible for overseeing and coordinating the activities of over 100 scientists, engineers, and technicians.  During his time here, Bhatia acquired an expertise upon the subjects and processing of steels, nickel based super-alloys, light alloys, and intermetallics.  Among his several prestigious achievements is Scientist of the Year, awarded to him by the Defense Research and Development Organization in 1983. Bhatia retired in 2001 and has since been conducting lectures on “Fundamentals of Materials Science.”


Additional link:

1) About Drexel University, Pennsylvania, USA

Drexel Homehttp://www.drexel.edu/about/glance.aspx

2) Defense Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad.


3) Defence Research and Development Organization



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Alumni Profile
Prof. Supten Sarbadhikari (PhD Biomedical Engineering 1995) as office bearer of HL7
@ May 05, 2009
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Prof. Supten Sarbadhikari has been unanimously elected as the Chair, Education Committee of HL7 India.


HL7 India is the Indian affiliate of HL7 Inc. - A Standards Developing Organization operating in the healthcare arena and dealing with clinical and administrative data.


(Prof. Supten Sarbadhikari)

Interview with Dr. Supten Sarbadhikari in Chronicle


Prof. Supten is also serving currently as Chief Election Officer for our IT-BHU Global Alumni Association.

Currently working as Founding Chair of Biomedical Informatics PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Peelamedu, Coimbatore 641 004 Tamil Nadu, INDIA




About HL7 


HL7 India is an independent, non-profit-distributing, membership based organization that exists to encourage the adoption of standards for healthcare information communication within India.

The objective of HL7 India is to support the development, promotion and implementation of HL7 standards and specifications in a way which addresses the concerns of healthcare organizations, health professionals and healthcare software suppliers in India.

HL7 India is the accredited International Affiliate of Health Level Seven Incorporated (HL7 Inc.) for India. HL7 India shall seek to retain this affiliation or a similar formal status in relation to the wider HL7 community subject to agreement by the membership of HL7 India. The rules and obligations applicable to International Affiliates shall be deemed to apply to HL7 India except where such rules directly conflict with the bylaws of HL7 India or with legal regulations within India. 


About Prof. Supten Sarbadhikari


PhD, Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, 1995.

MBBS, Medicine and Surgery, University of Calcutta, 1989.

Professional Career

2007-Current, Founding Chair of Biomedical Informatics PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Peelamedu, Coimbatore

2004-2007, Associate Professor, Amrita University, TIFAC-CORE in Biomedical Technology, Biotechnology, Centre for Digital Health

2002-2004, Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, School of Medical Science & Technology

2000-2002, Assistant Professor, Sikkim-Manipal University of Health, Medical and Technological Sciences, Medicine, Physiology, Biophysics



I am a medical doctor who has done PhD in Biomedical Engineering from IT-BHU. Presently working as Founding Chair of Biomedical Informatics at PSG IMS&R, Coimbatore, INDIA.

Chair, Education Committee, HL7 India

Course Coordinator: Online Certificate Course on Health Informatics

Editor-in-Chief, Indian Journal of Medical Informatics

Editorial Board Member: Mental Health and Physical Activity

Formerly, the Chair, Editorial Council, Citizendium

Tutor of HL7 e-learning course

Author of the Book:(A Short Introduction to Biomedical Engineering)

Editor of the Book: (Depression and Dementia: Progress in Brain Research, Clinical Applications and Future Trends)

Fellow, PSG-FAIMER South Asia Regional Institute

Other Home Pages:

(1) http://www.geocities.com/drsupten

(2) http://medicineonearth.com/display.php?id=1642

(3) http://myprofile.cos.com/supten

(4) http://psgimsr.academia.edu/SuptenSarbadhikari

(5) Departmental Profile: http://psgimsr.in/biomedical%20informatics.html


Supten can be contacted at: education@hl7india.org; Supten@hotmail.com


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Idam Learning catalysed by Pradeep Kumar Sharma (Electronics 1979)
@ May 01, 2009
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Pradeep Kumar Sharma is Business Advisor for Idam Learning Gurgaon, India. Idam Learning is an organization with a mission for working with individuals, enterprises and institutions in order to generate learning opportunities in the domain of change, adaptability, personal growth, skill development, leadership and customer care.

Idam Learning contains a vibrant team of HR Trainers, collectively called Idam Learning. The Founder of this team - Uma Arora - is an ex-colleague of PK Sharma and she has been conducting Management Workshops across various levels and has helped many Corporate achieve break-through results.


(Pradeep Sharma)

Pradeep K Sharma has 3 decades of diverse experience in IT industry in Engineering, Sales & Marketing, Operations Management, General Management, and Profit-Centre Management. He has been associated with both Manufacturing as well as Service organizations. Mr. Sharma held positions at geographical levels as well as corporate levels. He has handled a number of turnaround assignments and built-up new businesses from ground zero. He is a frequent speaker at a number of seminars, conferences, and industry interest groups. He is also highly networked (5,600+ linked in contacts), well versed with people management skills and has led large teams of senior IT professionals to run sizeable businesses.

Currently he is Business Advisor to Idam Learning. He is also holding the position of CEO at Cocktail Mobile Technologies Pvt. Ltd. In the past he held executive positions at several IT and technology companies, including: ORG Systems, Samtel Group, Aptech Ltd, Janasis Infotech Ltd., etc.

His complete bio-data can be found at:


Education of Pradeep K Sharma

*B. Tech, Electronics Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (IT-BHU), Varanasi in 1979

*M. Tech, Integrated Electronics & Circuits (IEC), IIT Delhi, in 1980

*MBA (Marketing), UBS, Chandigarh in 1989


Pradeep K. Sharma

Business Advisor

Idam Learning, Gurgaon, India

Email: pksy2k@hotmail.com;


About Idam Learning

Idam Learning (www.idamlearning.com)

For more info, please click here


(The company has provided us the following info.)


Idam Learning is an organization with a mission to working with individuals, enterprises and institutions in order to generate learning opportunities in the domain of change, adaptability, personal growth, skill development, leadership and customer care.

Idam is a Sanskrit word, which means ‘THIS' and our interpretation of this in our context is ‘this moment…here and now''.


What we offer

At Idam Learning, we offer a unique service to help you discover your ‘Career Choice’ and a development path for yourself in your chosen career. Through a carefully designed, well researched and proven Tests, inventories and instruments we help you identify your unique interests and strengths. This will be followed by one-o-one coaching sessions and small group sessions that will help you sharpen your understanding of yourself and thus be ready to launch/re-launch your career with enhanced confidence and skills.

We are a team of people, obsessed with creating learning opportunities, sustainable change and most importantly creating ‘Changeability as a way of living'. We started this journey of our quest for learning and change in a small way in Dec, 2005. Since then we have had a rocking time of discoveries and surprises, struggles and findings and a series of synchronicities…which enabled us evolve and shape our product offerings and services…

Our focus is to design and deliver interventions to facilitate individual growth that enhances individual leadership capability and performance. Therefore, our work is centered on three core entities that impact the organization viz., customer, individual and teams.

We have partnered with some of the leading Companies in IT, ITES, Infrastructure, Telecom and Services domain and have successfully piloted impactful projects.

For Whom:

This service is to help people in early, mid and late careers to identify what they really value in a job or career and what they would not give up if forced to make a choice. The service is offered for individual, customer and team based training. It is offered to individual person or to corporations.


     (Uma Arora-Founder)

Email: uma.arora@idamlearning.com



‘Creating Learning moments’

1214, 2nd floor,

DLF Phase-4, Gurgaon,

Haryana 122002.

Tel: 0124-4057541, 09818110720





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Alumni Projects
Copyright © 2008-2013 by ITBHU Global Alumni Association
Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University
Varanasi 221005, UP