(By Yogesh K. Upadhyaya. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
A major step towards IIT status for our institute!
Cabinet approves Cabinet Note with IT-BHU included; Institute of Technology (amendment) Bill 2010 is introduced in the current monsoon session of parliament.
Considerable progress has been made on IT-BHU to IIT conversion front. There were two important events in the last week:
In a meeting under chairmanship of Hon’ble Prime Minister on August 16, the Union Cabinet has approved the proposed Institute of Technology (amendment) Bill 2010. The proposed bill includes 8 new IITs and conversion of IT-BHU to IIT-BHU.
Next, the Bill has been introduced in the Parliament on August 30. Now it will go to Standing Committee for discussion and then to be introduced to Rajya Sabha.
Now we shall have to wait for the Institute of Technology bill to be introduced in Rajya Sabha and passed by both the houses in the winter session (November session) or may be perhaps later. One thing is for sure that we shall not be left behind and our institute name has been included in the Bill approved by Union Cabinet and the same been accepted by Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs Ministry for introduction in Lok Sabha.
Update # 1 dated August 31.
Removed Inclusion of medical college and setting up IITs abroad; included Standing Committee.________________________________________________
Parliament of India
(Chronicle note: We shall constantly update this page for any major news break.)
NEWS FROM MEDIA
* Bill to declare IT-BHU as IIT introduced in LS
Press Trust of India
Posted on Aug 30, 2010 at 15:06
New Delhi: A bill to declare the Institute of Technology of Banaras Hindu University as an IIT and include eight new IITs within its ambit as institutions of national importance was introduced in the Lok Sabha on Monday.
The Institutes of Technology (Amendment) Bill 2010, introduced by Minister of State for HRD D Purandeswari, is in line with "the overall thinking of the government to have more IIT level institutions by upgrading existing institutions as well as creating new IITs," its Statement of Objects and Reasons said.
In view of this, the need was felt to amend the Act to "effectuate the conversion of Institute of Technology, BHU, into IIT (BHU) and to bring the eight newly set up IITs within its ambit," it said.
An Experts Committee, constituted by the government, had identified certain academic institutions which had the potential for being upgraded to the level of IITs, including the Institute under BHU.
Following this, the government had announced in 2008 that IT-BHU will be converted to IIT and later announced setting up of eight new IITs within its ambit.
* The text of the Bill:
OR click on the following PDF link:
The IT (Amendment) Bill, 2010
* IITs may be free to go abroad
Charu Sudan Kasturi, Hindustan Times
New Delhi, August 23, 2010
The Indian Institutes of Technology may soon be legally empowered to set up campuses abroad even if their political masters oppose their international aspirations, under amendments to the law governing the technical institutions. Kapil Sibal’s HRD ministry is proposing amendment of the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 to insert a clause specifically empowering the IITs to set up institutions abroad, government sources have told HT.
The move will mean that an IIT that wishes to set up a campus abroad will have the right to do so irrespective of the political whims of the government of the day. A future government would have to change the law to prevent the IITs from going abroad. The IITs are depending on a favourable interpretation of the Act by the government.
While Sibal is keen to allow the IITs to expand abroad, his predecessors Arjun Singh and Murli Manohar Joshi were against the move.
“It is a legal shield from political interference. The IITs will no longer be dependent on the politics or the whims of the government of the day. They can expand based on their needs and vision,” a source said.
The Cabinet last week approved the inclusion of eight new IITs and the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, under the Institutes of Technology Act. But it asked the HRD ministry to bring broader amendments to the Act, to reflect the changes that the IITs and India have undergone since the law was passed in 1961.
The proposed inclusion of a clause “empowering the IITs to set up institutions abroad” and other proposed amendments will be discussed by Sibal with Directors of the IITs at a meeting of the IIT Council on September 10. The IIT Council is the apex decision-making body of the IITs and is chaired by the HRD minister.
The HRD ministry will also use the Cabinet’s push for broad amendments to once again try and obtain sanction for the IITs to start medical schools on their own. A proposal to allow them to start medical courses was put on hold by the law ministry after the health ministry’s opposition, as was first reported by HT on August 1.
Other proposed amendments include induction of two members of the PM’s scientific advisory council into the IIT Council, and empowering Directors to make most appointments on their own.
* IT-BHU awaits Parliament approval for its IIT status
TNN, Aug 22, 2010, 08.47pm IST
VARANASI: The recent approval of the cabinet committee for granting the status of IIT to IT-BHU under the XI five-year plan may have given the much needed push to the long pending demand of the university authorities and students, but senior IT-officials feel there are a number of steps to be cleared before the long cherished dream gets to see the light of day.
While the decision of the cabinet committee has already cheered the IT-BHU fraternity, top officials also believe that the move has definitely pushed one of the oldest engineering institutes in the country closer to the IIT status.
"It is an encouraging sign that the cabinet committee has approved the proposal that will soon be tabled in the Parliament for the nod," said Prof KP Singh, director, IT-BHU, while talking to TOI on Sunday. However, he also added the process could take longer time, as there were changes to be brought in the rules and regulations for governing the IIT, which would be an autonomous body. "There are a number of steps to be cleared before IT-BHU finally gets the status of an IIT," he said.
It may be mentioned here that the recent cabinet committee meeting in New Delhi has approved the status of IITs for nine institutes including IT-BHU, sanctioning special grant of Rs 422 crore for the institute, apart from Rs 3132 crore for other institutes under the XI five-year plan. Apart from IT-BHU, the other IITs are at Bhubaneswar, Patna, Indore, Jodhpur, Raipur, Hyderabad, Ropar and Mandi.
"All eyes are now on the Parliament session where the bill would be tabled for discussion with amendment in the IIT Act, 1961. Once it gets clearance from both Houses of the Parliament, the proposal would really get to see the light of the day," said one of the senior IT-BHU officials, informing about the steps to be cleared for the much deserved IIT status for the institute.
It is also worth mentioning that IT-BHU is one of the oldest engineering institutes in the country with some of its departments, including mining, metallurgy, ceramic and pharmaceutics, being the firsts to be started in the country.
Chronological development for IT-BHU
Pt Madan Mohan Malviya, founder of BHU, established three engineering colleges on the university campus, namely the Benaras Engineering College ( BENCO), College of Technology in 1919 and the College of Mining and Metallurgy (MINMET) in 1923
After the formation of IITs in the country, the three engineering colleges were merged to form Institute of Technology (IT) that came into existence in 1971
The demand for IIT status for IT-BHU was started in 1973 and gained momentum in the late 1990s, when Dr Murlai Manohar Joshi was the Union HRD minister
On March 28, 2008, the Union HRD ministry announced that eight new IITs will be developed in the country as a part of the 11th Five Year Plan, one of which tentatively included IT-BHU
NEWS FROM GOVERNMENT
* HOW A BILL BECOMES AN ACT
A Bill is the draft of a legislative proposal. It has to pass through various stages before it becomes an Act of Parliament.
The legislative process starts with the introduction of a Bill in either House of Parliament—Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. A Bill can be introduced either by a Minister or by a private member. In the former case it is known as a Government Bill and in the latter case it is known as a Private Member’s Bill.
It is necessary for a member-in-charge of the Bill to ask for leave to introduce the Bill. If leave is granted by the House, the Bill is introduced. This stage is known as the First Reading of the Bill. If the motion for leave to introduce a Bill is opposed, the Speaker may, in his discretion, allow brief explanatory statement to be made by the member who opposes the motion and the member-in-charge who moved the motion. Where a motion for leave to introduce a Bill is opposed on the ground that the Bill initiates legislation outside the legislative competence of the House, the Speaker may permit a full discussion thereon. Thereafter, the question is put to the vote of the House. However, the motion for leave to introduce a Finance Bill or an Appropriation Bill is forthwith put to the vote of the House.
Publication in Gazette
After a Bill has been introduced, it is published in the Official Gazette. Even before introduction, a Bill might, with the permission of the Speaker, be published in the Gazette.
In such cases, leave to introduce the Bill in the House is not asked for and the Bill is straightaway introduced.
Reference of Bill to Standing Committee
After a Bill has been introduced, Presiding Officer of the concerned House can refer the Bill to the concerned Standing Committee for examination and make report thereon.
If a Bill is referred to Standing Committee, the Committee shall consider the general principles and clauses of the Bill referred to them and make report thereon. The Committee can also take expert opinion or the public opinion who are interested in the measure. After the Bill has thus been considered, the Committee submits its report to the House. The report of the Committee, being of persuasive value shall be treated as considered advice given by the Committees.
The Second Reading consists of consideration of the Bill which is in two stages.
First Stage: The first stage consists of general discussion on the Bill as a whole when the principle underlying the Bill is discussed. At this stage it is open to the House to refer the Bill to a Select Committee of the House or a Joint Committee of the two Houses or to circulate it for the purpose of eliciting opinion thereon or to straightaway take it into consideration.
If a Bill is referred to a Select/Joint Committee, the Committee considers the Bill clause-by-clause just as the House does. Amendments can be moved to the various clauses by members of the Committee. The Committee can also take evidence of associations, public bodies or experts who are interested in the measure. After the Bill has thus been considered, the Committee submits its report to the House which considers the Bill again as reported by the Committee. If a Bill is circulated for the purpose of eliciting public opinion thereon, such opinions are obtained through the Governments of the States and Union Territories. Opinions so received are laid on the Table of the House and the next motion in regard to the Bill must be for its reference to a Select/Joint Committee. It is not ordinarily permissible at this stage to move the motion for consideration of the Bill.
Second Stage: The second stage of the Second Reading consists of clause-by-clause consideration of the Bill as introduced or as reported by Select/Joint Committee.
Discussion takes place on each clause of the Bill and amendments to clauses can be moved at this stage. Amendments to a clause have been moved but not withdrawn are put to the vote of the House before the relevant clause is disposed of by the House. The amendments become part of the Bill if they are accepted by a majority of members present and voting. After the clauses, the Schedules if any, clause 1, the Enacting Formula and the Long Title of the Bill have been adopted by the House, the Second Reading is deemed to be over.
Thereafter, the member-in-charge can move that the Bill be passed. This stage is known as the Third Reading of the Bill. At this stage the debate is confined to arguments either in support or rejection of the Bill without referring to the details thereof further than that are absolutely necessary. Only formal, verbal or consequential amendments are allowed to be moved at this stage. In passing an ordinary Bill, a simple majority of members present and voting is necessary. But in the case of a Bill to amend the Constitution, a majority of the total membership of the House and a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting is required in each House of Parliament.
Bill in the other House
After the Bill is passed by one House, it is sent to the other House for concurrence with a message to that effect, and there also it goes through the stages described above except the introduction stage.
Bills which exclusively contain provisions for imposition and abolition of taxes, for appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund, etc., are certified as Money Bills. Money Bills can be introduced only in Lok Sabha. Rajya Sabha cannot make amendments in a Money Bill passed by Lok Sabha and transmitted to it. It can, however, recommend amendments in a Money Bill, but must return all Money Bills to Lok Sabha within fourteen days from the date of their receipt. It is open to Lok Sabha to accept or reject any or all of the recommendations of Rajya Sabha with regard to a Money Bill. If Lok Sabha accepts any of the recommendations of Rajya Sabha, the Money Bill is deemed to have been passed by both Houses with amendments recommended by Rajya Sabha and accepted by Lok Sabha and if Lok Sabha does not accept any of the recommendations of Rajya Sabha, Money Bill is deemed to have been passed by both Houses in the form in which it was passed by Lok Sabha without any of the amendments recommended by Rajya Sabha. If a Money Bill passed by Lok Sabha and transmitted to Rajya Sabha for its recommendations is not returned to Lok Sabha within the said period of fourteen days, it is deemed to have been passed by both Houses at the expiration of the said period in the form in which it was passed by Lok Sabha.
Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University
Varanasi 221005, UP